UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K


ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2006

Commission File Number 1-14667

WASHINGTON MUTUAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Washington

 

91-1653725

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification Number)

1301 Second Avenue, Seattle, Washington

 

98101

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (206) 461-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

 

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

Common Stock

 

New York Stock Exchange

Depositary Shares

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

 

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

Litigation Tracking Warrants TM

 

NASDAQ

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes   x  No  o .

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes   o  No  x .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   x No o .

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one): Large accelerated filer x    Accelerated filer    o Non-accelerated filer o .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   o No x .

The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2006, based on the closing sale price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange:

Common Stock – $43,477,379,735 (1)

(1)   Does not include any value attributable to 6,000,000 shares held in escrow.

The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of January 31, 2007:

Common Stock – 889,034,725 (2)

(2)   Includes 6,000,000 shares held in escrow.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the definitive proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held April 17, 2007, are incorporated by reference into Part III.

 




WASHINGTON MUTUAL, INC.
2006 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I

 

1

 

Item 1.

 

Business

 

1

 

 

 

General

 

1

 

 

 

Available Information

 

1

 

 

 

Employees

 

1

 

 

 

Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

2

 

 

 

Environmental Regulation

 

6

 

 

 

Regulation and Supervision

 

6

 

 

 

Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

11

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

2

 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments (1)

 

 

Item 2.

 

Properties

 

13

 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

14

 

Item 4.

 

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

15

 

PART II

 

15

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

15

 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

 

25

 

Item 7.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

18

 

 

 

Controls and Procedures

 

18

 

 

 

Overview

 

18

 

 

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

20

 

 

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

 

25

 

 

 

Five-Year Summary of Selected Financial Data

 

25

 

 

 

Ratios and Other Supplemental Data

 

26

 

 

 

Earnings Performance from Continuing Operations

 

27

 

 

 

Review of Financial Condition

 

33

 

 

 

Operating Segments

 

36

 

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Activities and Contractual Obligations

 

45

 

 

 

Risk Management

 

46

 

 

 

Credit Risk Management

 

46

 

 

 

Liquidity Risk and Capital Management

 

63

 

 

 

Market Risk Management

 

66

 

 

 

Operational Risk Management

 

70

 

 

 

Tax Contingency

 

71

 

 

 

Goodwill Litigation

 

71

 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

66

 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

74

 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

74

 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

18

 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

 

74

 

PART III

 

75

 

Item 10.

 

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

75

 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

 

75

 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

75

 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

 

75

 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

75

 

PART IV

 

76

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

76

 


(1)                  None.

i




PART I

BUSINESS

General

With a history dating back to 1889, Washington Mutual, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, “Washington Mutual,” the “Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our”) is a consumer and small business banking company with operations in major U.S. markets. Based on its consolidated assets at December 31, 2006 the Company was the seventh largest among all U.S.-based bank and thrift holding companies.

Since the early 1990s, the Company has expanded its retail banking and lending operations organically and through a series of acquisitions of retail banking institutions and mortgage companies. On October 1, 2005, the Company acquired Providian Financial Corporation, a credit card lender, thereby entering the credit card lending business.

The Company’s earnings are primarily driven by lending to consumers and small businesses and by deposit taking activities which generate net interest income, and by activities that generate noninterest income, including the sale and servicing of loans and the provision of fee-based services to its customers.

The Company currently has four operating segments for management reporting purposes: the Retail Banking Group, which operates a retail bank network of 2,225 stores in California, Florida, Texas, New York, Washington, Illinois, Oregon, New Jersey, Georgia, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah, Idaho and Connecticut; the Card Services Group, which operates a nationwide credit card lending business; the Commercial Group, which conducts a multi-family and commercial real estate lending business in selected markets; and the Home Loans Group, which engages in nationwide single-family residential real estate lending, servicing and capital markets activities. Financial information and descriptions of these operating segments are provided in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Available Information

Washington Mutual makes its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to such reports filed pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, available free of charge on or through its website located at www.wamu.com/ir as soon as reasonably practicable after their filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

The Company has implemented a Code of Ethics applicable to senior financial officers of the Company and a Code of Conduct applicable to all Company officers, employees and directors. The Code of Ethics provides fundamental ethical principles to which Company senior financial officers are expected to adhere. The Code of Conduct operates as a tool to help Washington Mutual officers, employees and directors understand and adhere to the high ethical standards required for employment by, or association with, the Company. Both the Code of Ethics and the Code of Conduct are available on the Company’s website at www.wamu.com/ir. Shareholders may also obtain written copies at no cost by writing the Company at 1301 Second Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101, Attention: Investor Relations Department, WMC 2203, or by calling (206) 500-5200.

Employees

At December 31, 2006, Washington Mutual had 49,824 employees compared with 60,798 employees at December 31, 2005, and 52,579 employees at December 31, 2004. During 2006, the number of employees decreased due to the implementation of various productivity, efficiency and outsourcing initiatives. During 2005, the number of employees increased primarily due to the acquisition of Providian, and the continuing expansion of the Company’s retail banking franchise. The Company believes that it has been successful in attracting quality employees and that employee relations are good.

1




Factors That May Affect Future Results

The Company’s Form 10-K and other documents that it files with the Securities and Exchange Commission contain forward-looking statements. In addition, the Company’s senior management may make forward-looking statements orally to analysts, investors, the media and others. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They often include words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” or words of similar meaning, or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could” or “may.”

Forward-looking statements provide management’s current expectations or predictions of future conditions, events or results. They may include projections of the Company’s revenues, income, earnings per share, capital expenditures, dividends, capital structure or other financial items, descriptions of management’s plans or objectives for future operations, products or services, or descriptions of assumptions underlying or relating to the foregoing. They are not guarantees of future performance. By their nature, forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties. These statements speak only as of the date made and management does not undertake to update them to reflect changes or events that occur after that date.

There are a number of significant factors which could cause actual conditions, events or results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements, many of which are beyond management’s control or its ability to accurately forecast or predict. Factors that might cause our future performance to vary from that described in our forward-looking statements include market, credit, operational, regulatory, strategic, liquidity, capital and economic factors as discussed in “Management’s Discussion & Analysis” and in other periodic reports filed with the SEC. In addition, other factors besides those listed below or discussed in reports filed with the SEC could adversely affect our results and this list is not a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties. Significant among the factors are the following:

Volatile interest rates and their impact on the mortgage banking business.

Changes in interest rates may affect the mortgage banking business in complex and significant ways. For example, changes in interest rates can affect gain from mortgage loans and loan servicing fees, which are the principal components of revenue from sales and servicing of home mortgage loans. When mortgage rates decline, the fair value of the Company’s mortgage servicing rights (“MSR”) asset generally declines and gain from mortgage loans tends to increase. When mortgage rates rise, the Company generally expects loan volumes and payoffs in its servicing portfolio to decrease. As a result, the fair value of the Company’s MSR asset generally increases and gain from mortgage loans decreases.

As part of its overall risk management activities, the Company seeks to mitigate changes in fair value of its MSR asset by purchasing and selling financial instruments, entering into interest rate contracts and forward commitments to purchase or sell mortgage-backed securities, and adjusting the mix and amount of such financial instruments or contracts to take into account the effects of different interest rate environments. The MSR asset and the mix of financial instruments used to mitigate changes in its fair value are not perfectly correlated. This imperfect correlation creates the potential for excess MSR risk management gains or losses during any period. The Company’s management must exercise judgment in selecting the amount, type and mix of financial instruments and contracts to mitigate changes in fair value of its MSR. The Company cannot assure that the amount, type and mix of financial instruments and contracts it selects will fully offset significant changes in the value of the MSR and the Company’s actions could negatively impact earnings. The Company’s reliance on these risk management instruments may be impacted by periods of illiquidity in the secondary markets, which could negatively impact the performance of the MSR risk management instruments. For further discussion of how interest rate risk, basis risk, volatility risk, and prepayment risk are managed, see Management’s Discussion and Analysis – “Market Risk Management.”

2




Credit risk.

Washington Mutual is one of the nation’s largest lenders, and a deterioration in the credit quality of its loan portfolios can have a negative impact on its earnings resulting from increased provisioning for loan and lease losses and increased nonaccrual loans causing a decrease in interest-earning assets. Credit risk is the risk of loss due to adverse changes in a borrower’s ability to meet its financial obligations on agreed upon terms. The overall credit quality of the Company’s loan portfolios is impacted by the strength of the United States economy and local economies in which the Company conducts its lending operations. The Company continually monitors changes in the economy, particularly unemployment rates and housing prices, since these factors can impact the ability of the Company’s borrowers to repay their loans. Economic trends that negatively affect housing prices and the job market could result in, among other things, deterioration in credit quality of the Company’s loan portfolios.

The Company offers credit cards to its customers and retains certain credit card balances in its portfolio and securitizes and sells other credit card balances. Credit cards typically have smaller balances, shorter lifecycles and experience higher delinquency and charge-off rates than real estate secured loans. Account management efforts, seasoning and economic conditions, including unemployment rates and housing prices, affect the overall credit quality of the Company’s credit card portfolio.

The Company originates and purchases from third-party lenders loans to higher risk borrowers through its subprime mortgage channel. The Company either holds such loans in portfolio or securitizes and sells them. Borrowers in the subprime mortgage channel tend to have greater vulnerability to changes in economic factors, such as increases in unemployment, a slowdown in housing price appreciation or declines in housing prices, than do other borrowers. Overcapacity and competitive market conditions in the subprime mortgage industry have negatively impacted the Company’s business and could continue to do so in the future. The Company’s subprime mortgage channel portfolio has performed within the Company’s expectations in recent periods. The future performance of this loan portfolio could be negatively impacted by a variety of factors, including changes in the economic factors noted above, which negatively impact borrowers, as well as deterioration in the ability of third-party lenders who sold loans to the Company to continue to service or repurchase loans as required under the terms of their loan sale and servicing agreements with the Company. At December 31, 2006, loans in the subprime mortgage channel with an unpaid principal balance of $8.78 billion were serviced by a single third-party lender. By value, this $8.78 billion represented a majority of the balance of loans in the Company’s subprime mortgage channel portfolio that were not serviced by the Company. In addition, as a seller of subprime mortgage channel loans, the Company began experiencing, in the fourth quarter of 2006, increased incidents in the absolute number of repurchase requests. Increased delinquencies of such loans could negatively impact the Company’s ability to securitize and sell such loans.

Certain of the Company’s loan products have features that may result in increased credit risk, as explained below.

The Company has increased its emphasis on home equity lending. Many borrowers elect to utilize accumulated equity in their homes by borrowing money through either a first or second lien home equity loan or line of credit. When the Company holds a second lien on a property which is subordinate to a first lien mortgage held by another lender, both the probability of default and severity of loss risk is generally higher than when the Company holds both the first and second lien positions. Home equity loans and lines of credit with combined loan-to-value ratios of greater than 80 percent also expose the Company to greater credit risk than home loans with loan-to-value ratios of 80 percent or less at origination. This greater credit risk arises because, in general, both default risk and the severity of risk is higher when borrowers have less equity in their homes.

The Company originates Option ARM loans for sale and securitization and for its home loan portfolio. Borrowers with Option ARM loans have the option of making minimum payments based on the

3




rate charged during the introductory period, which is generally lower than the fully-indexed rate. If, as permitted by the loan terms, borrowers continue to make minimum payments after the introductory period ends, those borrowers may experience negative amortization as unpaid interest is deferred and added to the principal amount of the loan. The risk that Option ARM borrowers will be unable to make increased loan payments as a result of negative amortization or as a result of the interest rate on the loan adjusting upward to the fully-indexed rate, both of which can occur simultaneously in certain situations, are the principal risks associated with the Option ARM product.

The Company originates interest-only loans that the Company either securitizes or holds in portfolio. Borrowers with interest-only loans are initially required to make payments that are sufficient to cover accrued interest. After a predetermined period (generally five years), the payments are reset to allow the loan to fully amortize over its remaining life. Borrowers with interest-only loans are impacted by unemployment, declining housing prices and reduced home price appreciation. Such economic trends could cause the credit performance of interest-only loans to deteriorate with a negative impact on the Company’s results.

For further discussion of credit risk, see Management’s Discussion and Analysis – “Credit Risk Management.”

Operational risk.

The Company is exposed to many types of operational risk, including the risk of fraud by employees or outsiders, the risk of operational errors, including clerical or record-keeping errors or those resulting from faulty or disabled computer or telecommunications systems. Given the high volume of transactions at the Company, certain errors may be repeated or compounded before they are discovered and successfully corrected. The Company’s dependence upon automated systems to record and process transactions may further increase the risk that technical system flaws or employee tampering with or manipulation of those systems will result in losses that are difficult to detect.

The Company may be subject to disruptions of its systems, arising from events that are wholly or partially beyond its control (including, for example, computer viruses or electrical or telecommunications outages), which may give rise to losses in service to customers and to financial loss or liability. The Company is further exposed to the risk that its external vendors may be unable to fulfill their contractual obligations (or will be subject to the same risk of fraud or operational errors by their respective employees as is the Company) and to the risk that the Company’s (or its vendors’) business continuity and data security systems prove to be inadequate. The Company relies on offshoring of services to vendors in foreign countries for certain functions and this creates the risk of incurring losses arising from unfavorable political, economic and legal developments in those countries.

The Company also faces the risk that the design of its controls and procedures may prove to be inadequate or are circumvented, thereby causing delays in detection of errors or inaccuracies in data and information. Although the Company maintains a system of controls designed to keep operational risk at appropriate levels, it is possible that any lapses in the effective operations of its controls and procedures could materially affect the Company’s earnings or harm its reputation. In an organization as large and complex as Washington Mutual, lapses or deficiencies in internal control over financial reporting could be material to the Company.

The Company depends on the expertise of key personnel and faces competition for talent. Its success depends, in large part, on its ability to hire and retain key people. If the Company is unable to retain these people and to attract talented people to the Company, or if key people fail to perform properly, the Company’s business may suffer. For further discussion of operational risks, see Management’s Discussion and Analysis – “Operational Risk Management.”

4




Risks related to credit card operations.

Credit card lending brings with it certain risks and uncertainties. These include the composition and risk profile of the Company’s credit card portfolio and the Company’s ability to continue growing the credit card business. The success of the credit card business will also depend, in part, on the success of its product development, product rollout efforts and marketing initiatives, including the rollout of credit card products to the Company’s existing retail and mortgage loan customers, and its ability to continue to successfully target creditworthy customers. Recent disputes involving the Visa and MasterCard networks, including their membership standards and pricing structures, could also result in changes that would be adverse to the credit card business. Changes in interest rates also negatively affect the credit card business, including costs associated with funding the credit card portfolio.

Changes in the regulation of financial services companies, housing government-sponsored enterprises and credit card lenders.

Proposals for legislation further regulating the financial services industry are continually being introduced in Congress. The agencies regulating the financial services industry also periodically adopt changes to their regulations. Proposals that are now receiving a great deal of attention and could significantly impact the Company’s business include changes to capital requirements, consumer protection initiatives relating to bank overdraft practices, security of customer information, marketing practices, nontraditional mortgage loan products including Option ARM loans and interest-only products, credit card lending practices, fees charged to merchants for credit and debit card transactions and predatory lending. In addition, there continues to be a focus on reform of the housing government-sponsored enterprises (“GSEs”) including the federal home loan bank system. It is possible that one or more legislative proposals may be adopted or regulatory changes may be made that would have an adverse effect on the Company’s business. For further discussion of the regulation of financial services, see “Regulation and Supervision.”

Competition from banking and nonbanking companies.

The Company operates in a highly competitive environment and expects competition to continue as financial services companies combine to produce larger companies that are able to offer a wide array of financial products and services at competitive prices. In addition, customer convenience and service capabilities, such as product lines offered and the accessibility of services are significant competitive factors.

The Company’s most direct competition for loans comes from commercial banks, other savings institutions, investment banking firms, national mortgage companies and other credit card lenders. Its most direct competition for deposits comes from commercial banks, other savings institutions and credit unions doing business in the Company’s markets. As with all banking organizations, the Company also experiences competition from nonbanking sources, including mutual funds, corporate and government debt securities and other investment alternatives offered within and outside of its primary markets. In addition, technological advances and the growth of e-commerce have made it possible for non-depository institutions to offer products and services that were traditionally offered only by banks. Many of these competitors have fewer regulatory constraints and some have lower cost structures.

General business, economic and market conditions.

The Company’s business and earnings are sensitive to general business and economic conditions. These conditions include the slope of the yield curve, inflation, the money supply, the value of the U.S. dollar as compared to foreign currencies, fluctuations in both debt and equity capital markets, and the strength of the U.S. economy and the local economies in which the Company conducts business. Changes in these conditions may adversely affect its business and earnings. For example, when short-term interest rates rise, there is a lag period until adjustable-rate mortgages reprice. As a result, the Company may

5




experience compression of its net interest margin with a commensurate adverse effect on earnings. Likewise, the Company’s earnings could also be adversely affected when a flat or inverted yield curve develops, as this may inhibit the Company’s ability to grow its adjustable-rate mortgage portfolio and may also cause margin compression. A prolonged economic downturn could increase the number of customers who become delinquent or default on their loans, or a rising interest rate environment could increase the negative amortization of Option ARM loans, which may eventually result in increased delinquencies and defaults. Rising interest rates could also decrease customer demand for loans. An increase in delinquencies or defaults could result in a higher level of charge-offs and provision for loan and lease losses, which could adversely affect earnings. A reduction in the availability of secondary markets for our mortgage loan products could also negatively impact our earnings.

The Company’s business and earnings are significantly affected by the fiscal and monetary policies of the federal government and its agencies. The Company is particularly affected by the policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”), which regulates the supply of money and credit in the United States. Federal Reserve policies directly and indirectly influence the yield on the Company’s interest-earning assets and the cost of its interest-bearing liabilities. Changes in those policies are beyond the Company’s control and are difficult to predict.

Reputational risk.

Reputational risk, meaning the risk to earnings and capital from negative public opinion, is inherent in the Company’s business. Negative public opinion can result from the actual or perceived manner in which the Company conducts its business activities, which include its sales and trading practices, its loan origination and servicing activities, its retail banking and credit card operations, its management of actual or potential conflicts of interest and ethical issues, and its protection of confidential customer information. Negative public opinion can adversely affect the Company’s ability to keep and attract customers. The Company takes steps to minimize reputation risk in the way it conducts its business activities and deals with its customers and communities.

Each of the factors discussed in the preceding paragraphs can significantly impact the Company’s businesses, operations, activities, condition and results in significant ways that are not described in the foregoing discussion and which are beyond the Company’s ability to anticipate or control, and could cause actual results to differ materially from the outcomes described in the forward-looking statements.

Environmental Regulation

The Company’s business and properties are subject to federal and state laws and regulations governing environmental matters, including the regulation of hazardous substances and waste. For example, under the Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and similar state laws, owners and operators of contaminated properties may be liable for the costs of cleaning up hazardous substances without regard to whether such persons actually caused the contamination. Such laws may affect the Company both as an owner or former owner of properties used in or held for its business, and as a secured lender on property that is found to contain hazardous substances or waste. The Company’s general policy is to obtain an environmental assessment prior to foreclosing on commercial property. The Company may elect not to foreclose on properties that contain such hazardous substances or waste, thereby limiting, and in some instances precluding, the disposition of such properties.

Regulation and Supervision

The following discussion describes elements of the extensive regulatory framework applicable to savings and loan holding companies as well as federal savings associations. This regulatory framework is primarily intended for the protection of depositors, the federal deposit insurance fund and the banking system as a whole rather than for the protection of shareholders and creditors.

6




To the extent that this section describes statutory and regulatory provisions, it is qualified in its entirety by reference to those provisions. Those statutes and regulations, as well as related policies, are subject to change by U.S. Congress, state legislatures and federal and state regulators. Changes in statutes, regulations or regulatory policies, including interpretation or implementation thereof, could have a material effect on the Company’s business.

General

Washington Mutual, Inc. is incorporated in the state of Washington and is a savings and loan holding company. It owns two banking subsidiaries as well as numerous nonbank subsidiaries. As a savings and loan holding company, Washington Mutual, Inc. is subject to regulation by the Office of Thrift Supervision (the “OTS”).

The Company’s banking subsidiaries are subject to regulation and examination by the OTS (their primary federal regulator) as well as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). Its nonbank financial subsidiaries are also subject to various federal and state laws and regulations.

Both of the Company’s banking subsidiaries are under the common control of Washington Mutual, Inc. and are insured by the FDIC. If an insured institution fails, claims for administrative expenses of the receiver and for deposits in U.S. branches (including claims of the FDIC as subrogee of the failed institution) have priority over the claims of general unsecured creditors. In addition, the FDIC has authority to require either of the Company’s banking subsidiaries to reimburse it for losses it incurs in connection with the failure of the other banking subsidiary or with an FDIC provision of assistance granted to a Washington Mutual banking subsidiary that is in danger of failure.

Payment of Dividends

Washington Mutual, Inc. is a legal entity separate and distinct from its banking and nonbanking subsidiaries. Its principal sources of funds are cash dividends paid by those subsidiaries, investment income, and borrowings. Each of its two banking subsidiaries has a policy to remain “well-capitalized” (as described in “Regulation and Supervision – Capital Adequacy” below) and, accordingly, would not pay dividends to the extent payment of the dividend would result in it not being well-capitalized. Federal laws limit the amount of dividends or other capital distributions that a banking institution, such as the Company’s two banking subsidiaries, can pay. In addition, the two federal savings associations must file an application or notice with the OTS at least 30 days before they can pay dividends to their parent companies. Refer to Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Regulatory Capital Requirements and Dividend Restrictions” for a more detailed description of the limits on subsidiary bank dividends.

Capital Adequacy

Washington Mutual, Inc. is not currently subject to any explicit regulatory capital requirements, but each of its banking subsidiaries is subject to OTS capital requirements. Federal law and OTS regulations have established four ratios for measuring an institution’s capital adequacy: A “leverage” ratio – that is the ratio of an institution’s Tier 1 capital to adjusted total assets; a “Tier 1 risk-based capital” ratio – that is an institution’s adjusted Tier 1 capital as a percentage of total risk-weighted assets; a “total risk-based capital” ratio expressed as a percentage of total risk-based capital to total risk-weighted assets; and a tangible equity ratio, being the ratio of tangible capital to total tangible assets, of more than 2.00%.

Federal law and OTS regulations have also established five capital categories: well-capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized. Both Washington Mutual Bank (“WMB”) and Washington Mutual Bank fsb (“WMBfsb”) have a policy of remaining well-capitalized. An institution is treated as well-capitalized when its total risk-based capital

7




ratio is 10.00% or greater, its Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio is 6.00% or greater, its leverage ratio is 5.00% or greater, and it is not subject to any federal supervisory order or directive to meet a specific capital level.

As of December 31, 2006 both of the Company’s banking subsidiaries met all capital requirements to which they were subject and satisfied the requirements to be treated as well-capitalized institutions. See Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Regulatory Capital Requirements and Dividend Restrictions” for an analysis of the regulatory capital of the Company.

The Company continues to actively follow the progress of the U.S. banking agencies in developing a new set of regulatory risk-based capital requirements. The new requirements are commonly referred to as Basel II or The New Basel Capital Accord. The Company is participating in efforts to refine these standards to ensure that they measure risk and related capital requirements as precisely as possible within the framework of The New Basel Capital Accord, and is working to ensure that its internal measurement of credit risk, market risk, and operational risk will comply with the new standards. The Company is also assessing the potential impacts The New Basel Capital Accord may have on its business practices as well as broader competitive effects within the industry.

Holding Company Status and Acquisitions

Washington Mutual, Inc. is a “multiple savings and loan holding company”, as defined by federal law, because it owns more than one savings association. However, Washington Mutual, Inc. is not regulated as a multiple savings and loan holding company because the OTS deems its federal savings associations to have been acquired in supervisory transactions. Therefore, it is exempt from certain restrictions that would otherwise apply under federal law to the activities and investments of a multiple savings and loan holding company. These restrictions would apply to Washington Mutual, Inc. if either of its banking institutions fail to meet a qualified thrift lender test established by federal law. As of December 31, 2006, the Company’s two banking subsidiaries were in compliance with qualified thrift lender standards.

Washington Mutual, Inc. may not acquire control of another savings association unless the OTS approves. Washington Mutual, Inc. may not be acquired by a non-bank holding company, without the approval of the OTS, or by an individual unless the OTS does not object after receiving notice. Washington Mutual, Inc. may not be acquired by a bank holding company without the approval of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve. In any case, the public must have an opportunity to comment on the proposed acquisition, and the OTS or Federal Reserve must complete an application review. Without prior approval from the OTS, Washington Mutual, Inc. may not acquire more than 5% of the voting stock of any savings institution.

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act generally restricts any non-financial entity from acquiring Washington Mutual, Inc. unless such non-financial entity was, or had submitted an application to become, a savings and loan holding company as of May 4, 1999. Since Washington Mutual, Inc. is exempt from the restrictions applicable to a multiple savings and loan holding company and was a savings and loan holding company prior to May 4, 1999, Washington Mutual, Inc. may engage in non-financial activities and acquire non-financial subsidiaries.

Federal Home Loan Bank System

The primary purpose of the Federal Home Loan Banks (“FHLBs”) is to provide funding to their members for making housing loans as well as for affordable housing and community development lending. The FHLB System consists of twelve regional FHLBs; each is federally chartered but privately owned by its member institutions. The Federal Housing Finance Board (“Finance Board”), a government agency, is generally responsible for regulating the FHLB System.

One of the Company’s federal savings associations, WMB, currently is a member of the San Francisco FHLB. The other federal savings association, WMBfsb, is a member of the Seattle FHLB.

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As a condition of membership and as a condition of obtaining advances, members of a FHLB are required to purchase and hold certain amounts of equity securities of that FHLB. Effective May 18, 2005, the Seattle FHLB suspended payment of dividends on equity securities and suspended repurchases of most of its equity securities. In December 2006, the Seattle FHLB resumed payments of dividends.

Congress is considering proposals which would establish a new regulator for the FHLB System, as well as for other housing government-sponsored enterprises. Washington Mutual cannot predict at this time which, if any, of these proposals may be adopted or what effect they would have on the business of the Company.

Deposit Insurance

The FDIC insures the deposits of WMB and WMBfsb to the applicable maximum in each institution, and such insurance is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government. Prior to March 31, 2006 the FDIC administered two separate deposit insurance funds, the Bank Insurance Fund (the “BIF”) and the Savings Association Insurance Fund (the “SAIF”). The BIF was a deposit insurance fund for commercial banks and some federal and state-chartered savings banks. The SAIF was a deposit insurance fund for most savings associations. WMB and WMBfsb were members of the SAIF, but a small portion of WMB’s deposits were insured through the BIF. In accordance with federal deposit insurance reform legislation enacted in February 2006, the FDIC merged the BIF and the SAIF into a newly created Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”), effective March 31, 2006. As a result, WMB and WMBfsb are members of the DIF.

The FDIC has established a risk-based system for setting deposit insurance assessments. Under the risk-based assessment system, an institution’s insurance assessments vary according to the level of capital the institution holds and the degree to which it is the subject of supervisory concern. During 2006, WMB and WMBfsb paid no deposit insurance assessments.

Effective January 1, 2007, the FDIC modified its system for setting deposit insurance assessments. In addition to the capital and supervisory factors of the former system, assessment rates under the new system will be determined by an institution’s examination rating, and either their long-term debt ratings or certain financial ratios. Assessments are expected to vary over time and initially will range from 0.06% to 0.43%. In recognition of past contributions that WMB and WMBfsb made to the deposit insurance funds, WMB and WMBfsb expect to receive a credit in 2007 from the FDIC that will offset their 2007 deposit assessments.

The federal deposit insurance reform legislation also increases the amount of deposit insurance coverage for retirement accounts, allows for deposit insurance coverage on individual accounts to be indexed for inflation starting in 2010, and provides the FDIC more flexibility in setting and imposing deposit insurance assessments.

Affiliate Transaction Restrictions

Washington Mutual’s two banking subsidiaries are subject to, and comply with, the affiliate and insider transaction rules applicable to member banks of the Federal Reserve System as well as additional limitations imposed by the OTS. These provisions prohibit or limit a banking institution from extending credit to, or entering into certain transactions with, affiliates (such as Washington Mutual, Inc.), principal stockholders, directors and executive officers of the banking institution and its affiliates.

Federal Reserve, Consumer and Other Regulation

Numerous regulations promulgated by the Federal Reserve Board affect the business operations of the Company’s banking subsidiaries. These include regulations relating to equal credit opportunity, electronic fund transfers, collection of checks, truth in lending, truth in savings and availability of funds.

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Under Federal Reserve Board regulations, both of the Company’s banking subsidiaries are required to maintain a reserve against their transaction accounts (primarily interest-bearing and noninterest-bearing checking accounts). Because reserves must generally be maintained in cash or in noninterest-bearing accounts, the effect of the reserve requirements is to increase an institution’s cost of funds.

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act included provisions that give consumers new protections regarding the transfer and use of their nonpublic personal information by financial institutions. In addition, states are permitted under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act to have their own privacy laws, which may offer greater protection to consumers than the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act. Numerous states in which the Company does business have enacted such laws.

The Bank Secrecy Act and the USA PATRIOT Act, which were enacted following the events of September 11, 2001, included numerous provisions designed to fight international money laundering and to block terrorist access to the U.S. financial system. Washington Mutual has established policies and procedures to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Bank Secrecy Act and the USA PATRIOT Act, and the impact of these Acts on the Company’s operations has not been material.

Community Reinvestment Act

The Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”) requires that the Company’s banking subsidiaries ascertain and help meet the credit needs of the communities it serves, including low- to moderate-income neighborhoods, while maintaining safe and sound banking practices. The primary federal regulatory agency assigns one of four possible ratings to an institution’s CRA performance and is required to make public an institution’s rating and written evaluation. The four possible ratings of meeting community credit needs are outstanding, satisfactory, needs to improve, and substantial noncompliance. In the most recent examination results, WMB and WMBfsb each received an “outstanding” CRA rating from the OTS. The Company maintains a CRA public file that is available for viewing. The file includes copies of its most recent CRA Public Evaluations, descriptions of its products and services, delivery outlet information, and public comments.

In September 2001, Washington Mutual announced a ten-year $375 billion community commitment, effective January 2002. This commitment replaced prior ones made by the Company and the companies it acquired. As of December 31, 2006, the Company had exceeded its yearly overall target for lending and investments to traditionally underserved communities.

Regulatory Enforcement

The OTS and the FDIC may take regulatory enforcement actions against any of their regulated institutions that do not operate in accordance with applicable regulations, policies and directives. Proceedings may be instituted against any banking institution, or any institution-affiliated party, such as a director, officer, employee, agent, or controlling person, who engages in unsafe and unsound practices, including violations of applicable laws and regulations. Each of the OTS and the FDIC has authority under various circumstances to appoint a receiver or conservator for an insured institution that it regulates, to issue cease and desist orders, to obtain injunctions restraining or prohibiting unsafe or unsound practices, to revalue assets and to require the establishment of reserves. The FDIC has additional authority to terminate insurance of accounts, after notice and hearing, upon a finding that the insured institution is or has engaged in any unsafe or unsound practice that has not been corrected, is operating in an unsafe or unsound condition, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, or order of, or condition imposed by the FDIC.

Regulation of Nonbanking Affiliates

As broker-dealers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and as members of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc., the Company’s broker-dealer subsidiaries are subject to

10




various regulations and restrictions imposed by those entities, as well as by various state authorities. The Company’s insurance subsidiaries are subject to regulation by various state insurance regulators. Some of the Company’s subsidiaries are subject to various state licensing and examination requirements.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the executive officers of Washington Mutual:

Executive Officers

 

 

 

Age

 

Capacity in Which Served

 

 

 

Employee of
Company
Since

 

Kerry K. Killinger

 

 

57

 

 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

1983

 

 

Todd H. Baker

 

 

51

 

 

Executive Vice President, Corporate Strategy and Development

 

 

2001

 

 

Alfred R. Brooks

 

 

49

 

 

Executive Vice President and President, Commercial Group

 

 

1998

 

 

Thomas W. Casey

 

 

44

 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

 

2002

 

 

Ronald J. Cathcart

 

 

54

 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Enterprise Risk Officer

 

 

2005

 

 

Fay L. Chapman

 

 

60

 

 

Senior Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer

 

 

1997

 

 

James B. Corcoran

 

 

52

 

 

Executive Vice President and President, Retail Banking

 

 

2006

 

 

Daryl D. David

 

 

52

 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer

 

 

2000

 

 

Debora D. Horvath

 

 

52

 

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Information Officer

 

 

2004

 

 

Stephen J. Rotella

 

 

53

 

 

President and Chief Operating Officer

 

 

2005

 

 

David C. Schneider

 

 

41

 

 

Executive Vice President and President, Home Loans

 

 

2005

 

 

Anthony F. Vuoto

 

 

55

 

 

Executive Vice President and President, Card Services

 

 

2005

 

 

John F. Woods

 

 

42

 

 

Senior Vice President and Controller

 

 

2005

 

 

 

Mr. Killinger established the Executive Committee in 1990 to facilitate and coordinate decision making and communication among the most senior executive officers of the Company who, as a committee, determine the Company’s strategic direction. The executive officers serving on this committee are indicated below.

Mr. Killinger is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Washington Mutual. He was named President and a Director in 1988, Chief Executive Officer in 1990 and Chairman in 1991. He served as President through 2004. He has been a member of the Executive Committee since its formation in 1990.

Mr. Baker is Executive Vice President of Corporate Strategy and Development. He is responsible for managing corporate strategy and strategic planning, corporate development, equity investments and competitive research for the Company. Mr. Baker became a member of the Executive Committee in 2007. Prior to joining Washington Mutual in December 2001, Mr. Baker was a partner with Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, LLP in San Francisco.

Mr. Brooks is Executive Vice President and President, Commercial Group. He oversees all of the commercial lending activities of the Company, including multi-family lending, commercial mortgage lending, commercial real estate lending, wholesale commercial lending and commercial deposit services. Mr. Brooks joined Washington Mutual in 1998 and became a member of the Executive Committee in 2006.

Mr. Casey is Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and has been a member of the Executive Committee since 2002. He oversees all aspects of Washington Mutual’s corporate finance, strategic planning and investor relations functions. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, Mr. Casey was with GE Capital Corp. from 1992 through 2002 where he held advising, controllership and analyst positions prior to becoming a Vice President of GE and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of GE Financial Assurance in 1999.

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Mr. Cathcart joined the Company in December 2005 as Executive Vice President and Chief Enterprise Risk Officer and became a member of the Executive Committee at that time. He is responsible for overseeing the credit, market, operational and compliance risk functions for the Company. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, he served as Executive Vice President of Retail Risk Management at the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (“CIBC”) from 2002 to 2005. Prior to joining CIBC, Mr. Cathcart served in a variety of risk management positions at Bank One from 1999 to 2002, including Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer of Retail.

Ms. Chapman is Senior Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer. She became Executive Vice President, General Counsel and a member of the Executive Committee in 1997. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, she was a partner at the Seattle law firm of Foster Pepper & Shefelman PLLC from 1979 to 1997.

Mr. Corcoran is Executive Vice President and President, Retail Banking. He joined the Company in May 2006 and became a member of the Executive Committee at that time. He is responsible for overseeing all facets of the retail banking franchise, including its store network, small business banking, consumer lending, WM Financial Services, and all retail products and banking operations. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, Mr. Corcoran had served at Halifax Bank of Scotland since 2000 where he was responsible for its branch retail system and all non-branch distribution channels.

Mr. David is Executive Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer. He is responsible for talent acquisition, organizational capabilities, leadership development and rewards and benefits. Mr. David joined Washington Mutual in 2000 and became a member of the Executive Committee in 2001. Previously he served as Vice President of Strategic Growth and Human Resources at Amazon.com from 1999 to 2000.

Ms. Horvath joined Washington Mutual in 2004 as Executive Vice President and Chief Information Officer and became a member of the Executive Committee at that time. She is responsible for overseeing the Company’s enterprise-wide technology efforts. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, she served as Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer with GE Capital – Great Northern Annuity, GE Financial Assurance and GE Insurance from 1993 to 2004.

Mr. Rotella became President and Chief Operating Officer of Washington Mutual in January 2005 and became a member of the Executive Committee at that time. He is responsible for overseeing the Company’s retail, home loans, credit card and commercial lines of business, the technology group and marketing, as well as day-to-day corporate administration. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, he was an Executive Vice President with JPMorgan Chase and served on its executive committee from 2001 to 2004. In addition, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Chase Home Finance from 2001 to 2004 and its Chief Operating Officer from 1998 to 2001.

Mr. Schneider joined the Company in July 2005 as Executive Vice President and President, Home Loans and became a member of the Executive Committee at that time. He oversees all aspects of the Company’s home lending operations. Prior to joining Washington Mutual, Mr. Schneider served as President and Chief Operating Officer of CitiMortgage, Inc. from 2001 to 2005.

Mr. Vuoto is Executive Vice President and President, Card Services. He joined the Company through its acquisition of Providian Financial in 2005 and became a member of the Company’s Executive Committee in 2007. He oversees all aspects of the Company’s credit card business, including strategy, marketing, credit policy, customer service and collections operations. Mr. Vuoto was Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer for Providian Financial Corp. from April 2002 until 2005. From April 2001 to April 2002, he was an independent consultant, and from February 2000 to April 2001, he was President and Chief Operating Officer, First USA Bank.

Mr. Woods joined the Company in December 2005 as Senior Vice President and Controller. He serves as the Company’s principal accounting officer. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Woods served in

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various positions at Freddie Mac including Senior Vice President, Principal Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller. Prior to joining Freddie Mac in 2002, Mr. Woods was a partner at Arthur Andersen in its financial services audit and consulting practices.

Operational Excellence and Business Process Outsourcing

Washington Mutual has long been known for its commitment to quality customer service and innovation in products and services. In 2003, when it introduced “Operational Excellence,” the Company began moving toward a focus and philosophy of continuous and systematic improvement in efficiency, productivity and processes. Operational Excellence is an approach to continuous process improvement adapted from industry-recognized methodologies and tools like six sigma, lean and total quality management. Since introducing Operational Excellence, Washington Mutual has devoted resources to educating and engaging the Company’s employees on the methods and tools of Operational Excellence and how the approach supports the long-term success of the Company. As a consequence, opportunities for improvement in efficiency, productivity and processes are being continuously identified through the enterprise-wide approach and governance framework of Operational Excellence. Business Process Outsourcing is a complementary strategy that further supports Washington Mutual’s focus on continuous improvement in productivity, efficiency and processes through utilization of the services of global vendors.

From time to time, the implementation of an Operational Excellence or Business Process Outsourcing initiative may lead to changes in the Company’s operations, resulting in staff reductions, the closure or relocation of administrative support facilities, the closure or relocation of one or more home loan centers, or the renegotiation or termination of lease agreements or other forms of contracts. Within the governance framework of Operational Excellence and Business Process Outsourcing, expenses and charges necessary to implement an individual initiative that involve changes to the Company’s operations are forecasted and related cost savings are estimated. As these expenses and charges are incurred, accrued or accumulated during a financial period, the Company quantitatively and qualitatively assesses their significance to its consolidated financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis, as part of its disclosure controls process.

Properties

The Company’s primary executive and business segment headquarters are located at 1301 Second Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101. In March 2006, Second and Union LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Washington Mutual, Inc., in a joint venture with the Seattle Art Museum, completed construction of this headquarters building and was granted an initial certificate of occupancy. At that time, Second and Union LLC took ownership of a condominium interest in the 944,000 square foot office tower and the attached 700 stall parking garage and the Company’s employees began to relocate to the new space. Concurrently, the Seattle Art Museum completed and took ownership of 243,000 square feet of future expansion space that Second and Union LLC leased, and the Company’s employees will occupy, for a period of up to 25 years. The Seattle Art Museum has the right to cancel the lease, in whole or in part, at any time after the tenth year of the lease. Certain leases covering downtown Seattle locations were not renewed when their terms expired and the majority of those occupants have relocated to the new headquarters space. The Company leases an additional 466,000 square feet in other downtown Seattle locations for administrative functions.

As of December 31, 2006, the Company’s owned and leased property in 36 states is comprised of 2,225 retail banking stores, 472 lending stores and centers and 325 administrative and other offices. Administrative facilities involve the ownership or leasing of approximately 2.0 million square feet in California, 1.2 million square feet in Texas, 922,000 square feet in Florida and 489,000 square feet in Illinois.

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Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries are routinely defendants in or parties to a number of pending and threatened legal actions and proceedings, including actions brought on behalf of various classes of claimants. In certain of these actions and proceedings, claims for substantial monetary damages are asserted against the Company and its subsidiaries. Certain of these actions and proceedings are based on alleged violations of consumer protection, banking and other laws.

In July 2004, the Company and a number of its officers were named as defendants in a series of cases alleging violations of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), Rule 10b-5 thereunder and Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. By stipulation, those cases were consolidated into a single case currently pending in the U.S. District Court for the Western Division of Washington South Ferry L.P. #2 v. Killinger et al. , No. CV04-1599C (W.D. Wa., Filed Jul. 19, 2004) (the “Securities Action”). In brief, the plaintiffs in the Securities Action allege, on behalf of a putative class of purchasers of Washington Mutual, Inc., securities from April 15, 2003, through June 28, 2004, that, in various public statements, the defendants purportedly made misrepresentations and failed to disclose material facts concerning, among other things, alleged internal systems problems and hedging issues.

The defendants moved to dismiss the Securities Action on May 17, 2005. After briefing, but without oral argument, the Court on November 17, 2005, denied the motion in principal part; however, the Court dismissed the claims against certain of the individual defendants, dismissed claims pleaded on behalf of sellers of put options on Washington Mutual stock, and concluded that the plaintiffs could not rely on supposed violations of accounting standards to support their claims. The remaining defendants subsequently moved for reconsideration or, in the alternative, certification of the opinion for interlocutory appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The District Court denied the motion for reconsideration, but on March 6, 2006, granted the motion for certification.

The defendants thereafter moved to have the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals accept the case for interlocutory review of the District Court’s original order denying the motion to dismiss. On June 9, 2006, the Ninth Circuit granted the defendants’ motion, indicating that it will hear the merits of the defendants’ appeal. The defendants filed their initial brief on September 25, 2006. Pursuant to an updated, stipulated briefing schedule, the plaintiffs filed their responsive brief on January 10, 2007, and the defendants’ reply is set to be filed on March 12, 2007.

On November 29, 2005, 12 days after the Court denied the motion to dismiss the Securities Action, a separate plaintiff filed in Washington State Superior Court a derivative shareholder lawsuit purportedly asserting claims for the benefit of the Company. The case was removed to federal court, where it is now pending. Lee Family Investments, by and through its Trustee W.B. Lee, Derivatively and on behalf of Nominal Defendant Washington Mutual, Inc. v. Killinger et al. , No. CV05-2121C (W.D. Wa., Filed Nov. 29, 2005) (the “Derivative Action”). The defendants in the Derivative Action include those individuals remaining as defendants in the Securities Action, as well as those of the Company’s current independent directors who were directors at any time from April 15, 2003, through June 2004. The allegations in the Derivative Action mirror those in the Securities Action, but seek relief based on claims that the independent director defendants failed properly to respond to the misrepresentations alleged in the Securities Action and that the filing of that action has caused the Company to expend sums to defend itself and the individual defendants and to conduct internal investigations related to the underlying claims. At the end of February 2006, the parties submitted a stipulation to the Court that the matter be stayed pending the outcome of the Securities Action. On March 2, 2006, the Court entered an Order pursuant to that stipulation, staying the Derivative Action in its entirety.

See Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Commitments, Guarantees and Contingencies” for a further discussion of pending and threatened litigation action and proceedings against the Company.

14




Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

None.

PART II

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Washington Mutual’s common stock trades on The New York Stock Exchange under the symbol WM. As of January 31, 2007, there were 889,034,725 shares issued and outstanding ( including 6 million shares held in escrow) held by 59,053 shareholders of record. The information regarding high and low quarterly sales prices of the Company’s common stock, and the quarterly cash dividends declared thereon, is set forth in this Form 10-K in the “Quarterly Results of Operations” table included under Supplementary Data on page 163 and is expressly incorporated herein by reference.

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The table below displays share repurchases made by the Company for the quarter ended December 31, 2006. Management may engage in future share repurchases as liquidity conditions permit and market conditions warrant.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

 

 

Total
Number
of Shares
(or Units)
Purchased
(1)

 

Average
Price Paid
per Share
(or Unit)

 

Total
Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
(2)

 

Maximum Number
of  Shares
(or Units) that
May Yet Be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs

 

October 1, 2006 to October 31, 2006

 

 

31,219

 

 

 

$

42.94

 

 

 

 

 

 

131,200,000

 

 

November 1, 2006 to November 30, 2006

 

 

81

 

 

 

43.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

131,200,000

 

 

December 1, 2006 to December 29, 2006

 

 

1,953,266

 

 

 

43.19

 

 

 

1,662,902

 

 

 

129,537,098

 

 

Total

 

 

1,984,566

 

 

 

43.18

 

 

 

1,662,902

 

 

 

129,537,098

 

 


(1)           In addition to shares repurchased pursuant to the Company’s publicly announced repurchase program, this column includes shares acquired under equity compensation arrangements with the Company’s employees and directors.

(2)           Effective July 18, 2006, the Company adopted a share repurchase program approved by the Board of Directors (the “2006 Program”). Under the 2006 Program, the Company was authorized to repurchase up to 150 million shares of its common stock as conditions warrant and had repurchased 20,462,902 shares under this program as of December 31, 2006.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Discontinued Operations

In July 2006, the Company announced its exit from the retail mutual fund management business and on December 31, 2006, completed the sale of WM Advisors, Inc. WM Advisors provided investment management, distribution and shareholder services to the WM Group of Funds. During the first quarter of 2004 the Company sold its consumer finance subsidiary, Washington Mutual Finance Corporation. These former subsidiaries have been accounted for as discontinued operations and, accordingly, their results of operations are separately disclosed from the Company’s results of continuing operations presented on the Consolidated Statements of Income and in Notes 24 and 25 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements” and “Operating Segments.”

Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company’s management, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of such period, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective in recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or furnishes under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Management reviews and evaluates the design and effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures on an ongoing basis, which may result in the discovery of deficiencies, and improves its controls and procedures over time, correcting any deficiencies, as needed, that may have been discovered.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Management reviews and evaluates the design and effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting on an ongoing basis, which may result in the discovery of deficiencies, some of which may be significant, and changes its internal control over financial reporting as needed to maintain its effectiveness, correcting any deficiencies, as needed, in order to ensure the continued effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the fourth quarter of 2006 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. For management’s assessment of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, refer to Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting on page 79.

Overview

Washington Mutual, through its subsidiaries, is one of the nation’s leading consumer and small business banks. At December 31, 2006, Washington Mutual and its subsidiaries had assets of $346 billion. The Company has a history dating back to 1889 and its subsidiary banks currently operate nearly 2,700 consumer and small business banking stores throughout the nation. When we refer to “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we mean Washington Mutual, Inc. and subsidiaries.  When we refer to “the Parent,” we mean Washington Mutual, Inc.

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During 2006, the Company took actions intended to reduce its sensitivity to market risk and correspondingly increase its tolerance for credit risk, to diversify its funding sources, which included the restructuring of its core capital base, and to enhance its operating cost structure. Among the actions taken by the Company were:

·        Selling $2.53 billion of mortgage servicing rights, which represented approximately 25% of its mortgage servicing portfolio. The sale included substantially all of the Company’s government loan servicing and a portion of its conforming, fixed-rate servicing portfolio;

·        Transferring $17.79 billion of lower-yielding, medium-term adjustable rate home loans to loans held for sale. Substantially all of these loans are expected to be sold in the first quarter of 2007;

·        Leveraging the consumer lending activities of the Company’s Card Services Group across the retail banking customer base. The managed credit card portfolio totaled $23.50 billion at December 31, 2006, an increase of 18% from the prior year end;

·        Reducing its advances obtained through the Federal Home Loan Bank system by 36%, while increasing its borrowings from more cost-effective and capital efficient funding sources, such as brokered consumer deposits, hybrid capital instruments and foreign currency-denominated borrowings;

·        Repurchasing over 67 million common shares through accelerated and conventional share repurchase transactions. Additionally, in January 2007 the Company announced a new accelerated share repurchase transaction that, at its inception, resulted in the immediate retirement of approximately 60 million common shares;

·        Reducing employee headcount by more than 10,000, or 18%, and consolidating and outsourcing various back-office and administrative functions; and

·        Selling WM Advisors, Inc., the Company’s retail mutual fund management business. The sale was completed at the end of the year and resulted in an after-tax gain of $415 million.

The Company’s earnings are driven by lending and deposit-taking activities which generate net interest income and the provision of financial services which generate noninterest income. A summary of the Company’s key financial results are presented below:

Net income for 2006 was $3.56 billion, an increase from $3.43 billion in 2005. Diluted earnings per common share were $3.64, compared with $3.73 in the prior year. Included in earnings for 2006 was an after-tax gain of $415 million, or 43 cents per diluted share, from the fourth quarter sale of the Company’s retail mutual fund management business. Weighted average common shares outstanding were higher in 2006, as compared with the prior year, as a result of the shares issued in the fourth quarter of 2005 to complete the acquisition of Providian Financial Corporation (“Providian”). Return on average total assets was 1.02% and return on average common equity was 13.52% in 2006, and 1.05% and 14.91% respectively, in 2005.

Net interest income was $8.12 billion in 2006, compared with $8.22 billion in the prior year. The decline was the result of contraction in the net interest margin. The net interest margin in 2006 was 2.60%, a decline of 19 basis points from the prior year. The decrease was due to an increase in the cost of the Company’s interest-bearing liabilities, which was driven by continual increases in short-term interest rates from June 2004 through the first half of 2006, and the ensuing higher competitive deposit pricing environment. As economic growth decelerated in the latter part of 2006, the Federal Reserve decided to hold the targeted federal funds rate at 5.25% during the second half of the year, ending its methodical program of continuous increases after 17 consecutive adjustments. Accordingly, the Company’s net interest margin began to recover in the fourth quarter of 2006, rising to 2.58% in that period, up 5 basis points from the third quarter.

19




Noninterest income totaled $6.38 billion in 2006, compared with $5.10 billion in the prior year. The increase is primarily due to the full year effect of consumer loan sales and servicing revenue and credit card fee income in 2006, which resulted from the Company’s October 1, 2005 acquisition of Providian. The strong consumer response to the Company’s new free checking product, which was launched early in 2006, also contributed to the growth in noninterest income, with depositor and other retail banking fees totaling $2.57 billion in 2006, a 17% increase from the 2005 total of $2.19 billion. Partially offsetting these increases was a significant decline in revenue from the Company’s home mortgage loan operations. Revenue from sales and servicing of home mortgage loans, including the effects of all MSR risk management instruments, was $712 million, compared with $1.78 billion in 2005. The decline was associated with the flat-to-inverted yield curve that existed throughout 2006, which resulted in a significant increase in MSR risk management costs, as compared with 2005. Additionally, a 24% year-over-year decline in home loan volume in 2006, reflecting the slowdown in the housing market, along with an industry-wide decline in subprime mortgage secondary market performance during the latter part of the year, led to lower gain on sale results.

The provision for loan and lease losses was $816 million in 2006, a $500 million increase from the $316 million provision that was recorded in the prior year. This increase was substantially the result of the Company’s entry into credit card lending that resulted from the Providian acquisition and the ensuing growth in the on-balance sheet credit card portfolio, which accelerated during the fourth quarter of 2006. On-balance sheet net credit card charge-offs as a percentage of the average credit card portfolio in 2006 were 3.08%, compared with an annualized fourth quarter 2005 net charge-off rate of 4.75%, reflecting a sharp reduction in charge-offs early in 2006 after the fourth quarter 2005 change in consumer bankruptcy law, and the sale of higher risk credit card accounts during the latter part of 2006. With the slowdown in the housing market, weaker credit performance in the Company’s real-estate secured portfolios developed during the second half of 2006. Nonperforming assets, as a percentage of total assets, increased from 0.57% at December 31, 2005 to 0.80% at December 31, 2006, reflecting higher delinquency rates in the home loans, subprime mortgage channel and home equity portfolios. Early stage delinquencies continued to rise during the fourth quarter of 2006 as declines in home sales, longer marketing periods and growing inventories continued to exert downward pressure on the housing sector.

Noninterest expense totaled $8.81 billion in 2006, compared with $7.62 billion in the prior year. The increase was primarily due to a full year of credit card operating expenses after acquiring Providian in the fourth quarter of 2005, and costs associated with the expansion of the retail banking franchise. The Company’s retail banking network increased from 2,140 stores at December 31, 2005 to 2,225 stores at the end of 2006.

On October 1, 2006 the Company completed its acquisition of Commercial Capital Bancorp, Inc. (“CCB”) in a cash transaction with an initial purchase price of approximately $1 billion. CCB stockholders received $16.00 in cash for each share of CCB common stock. Most of the business activities of CCB are conducted through the Company’s Commercial Group operating segment.

Critical Accounting Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make a number of judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, income and expenses in the financial statements. Various elements of the Company’s accounting policies, by their nature, involve the application of highly sensitive and judgmental estimates and assumptions. Some of these policies and estimates relate to matters that are highly complex and contain inherent uncertainties. It is possible that, in some instances, different estimates and assumptions could reasonably have been made and used by management, instead of those the Company applied, which might have produced different results that could have had a material effect on the financial statements.

20




The Company has identified three accounting estimates that, due to the judgments and assumptions inherent in those estimates, and the potential sensitivity of its financial statements to those judgments and assumptions, are critical to an understanding of its financial statements. These estimates are: the fair value of certain financial instruments and other assets; the determination of whether a derivative qualifies for hedge accounting; and the allowance for loan and lease losses and contingent credit risk liabilities.

Management has discussed the development and selection of these critical accounting estimates with the Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors. The Company believes that the judgments, estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of its financial statements are appropriate given the facts and circumstances as of December 31, 2006. These judgments, estimates and assumptions are described in greater detail in subsequent sections of Management’s Discussion and Analysis and in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.”

The discussion below presents information about the nature of the Company’s critical accounting estimates:

Fair Value of Certain Financial Instruments and Other Assets

A portion of the Company’s assets are carried at fair value, including: mortgage servicing rights, certain retained interests from securitization activities (which are classified as trading assets), available-for-sale securities and derivatives. In addition, loans held for sale are recorded at the lower of carrying value or fair value. Changes in fair value of those instruments that qualify as hedged items under fair value hedge accounting are recognized in earnings and offset the changes in fair value of derivatives used as hedge accounting instruments.

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Generally, for assets that are reported at fair value, the Company uses quoted market prices or internal valuation models that utilize market data inputs where readily available and other assumptions, such as loan prepayment speeds, forward interest rate yield curves, market volatilities and pricing spreads to determine their fair values. The degree of management judgment involved in determining the fair value of a financial instrument or other asset is dependent upon the availability of quoted market prices or observable market value inputs. For financial instruments that are actively traded in the marketplace or whose values are based on readily available market value data, little, if any, subjectivity is applied when determining the instrument’s fair value. When observable market prices and data are not readily available, significant management judgment often is necessary to estimate fair value. In those cases, different assumptions could result in significant changes in valuation.

The following financial instruments and other assets require the Company’s most complex judgments and assumptions when estimating fair value:

Mortgage Servicing Rights and Certain Other Retained Interests in Securitizations

MSR and certain other retained interests from securitization activities do not trade in an active, open market with readily quoted prices. Although sales do occur from time to time, the terms of such sales are generally not readily available. Consequently, the Company estimates the fair value of MSR and certain other retained interests in securitization activities utilizing internal discounted cash flow models.

The discounted cash flow model for MSR calculates the present value of the expected future net cash flows of the servicing portfolio based on various assumptions, such as estimated future servicing costs, expected servicing portfolio prepayment speeds and discount rates that are commensurate with the risk profile of the serviced assets. This model is highly sensitive to changes in certain assumptions. Different expected prepayment speeds, in particular, can result in substantial changes in the estimated fair value of MSR. If actual prepayment experience differs materially from the expected prepayment speeds used in the Company’s model, this difference would likely result in a material change in MSR fair value. While the

21




Company’s model estimates a value, the specific value used is based on a variety of market-based factors, such as documented observable data and expected changes in prepayment speeds. The reasonableness of management’s assumptions about these factors is evaluated through quarterly independent broker surveys. Independent appraisals of the fair value of the mortgage servicing rights are obtained at least quarterly, and are used by management to evaluate the reasonableness of the fair value conclusions. Changes in MSR value are reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income under the noninterest income caption “Revenue from sales and servicing of home mortgage loans.”  Additional discussion regarding the estimation of MSR fair value, including limitations to the MSR fair value measurement process, are described in the subsequent section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis – “Earnings Performance.”  Key economic assumptions and the sensitivity of MSR fair value to immediate changes in those assumptions are described in Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Mortgage Banking Activities.”

For other retained interests in securitization activities (such as interest-only strips and residual interests) the discounted cash flow model used in determining fair value utilizes projections of expected cash flows that are greatly influenced by expected prepayment speeds and, in some cases, expected net credit losses or finance charges related to the securitized assets. Changes in those and other assumptions used could have a significant effect on the valuation of these retained interests. Changes in the value of other retained interests in securitization activities are reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income under the noninterest income caption “Trading assets income (loss)” and on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as “Trading assets.”

Loans held for sale

The fair value of loans designated as held-for-sale is generally based on observable market prices of securities that have loan collateral or interests in loans that are similar to the held-for-sale loans or whole loan sale prices if formally committed. If market prices are not readily available, fair value is based on a discounted cash flow model, which takes into account expected prepayment factors and the degree of credit risk associated with the loans and the estimated effects of changes in market interest rates relative to the loans’ interest rates. When the estimated fair value of loans held for sale is lower than their carrying value, including adjustments to carrying value if the loans were in a fair value hedge relationship under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Statement No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities , as amended (“Statement No. 133”), a valuation adjustment that accounts for this difference is reported on the Consolidated Statements of Income as a component within the noninterest income caption “Revenue from sales and servicing of home mortgage loans.”  Valuation adjustments for consumer loans held for sale are recorded under the noninterest income caption “Revenue from sales and servicing of consumer loans.”

Fair Value of Reporting Units and Goodwill Impairment

Under FASB Statement No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, goodwill must be allocated to reporting units and tested for impairment. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at least annually or more frequently if events or circumstances, such as adverse changes in the business, indicate that there may be justification for conducting an interim test. Impairment testing is performed at the reporting unit level (which is the same level as the Company’s four major operating segments identified in Note 25 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Operating Segments”). The first part of the test is a comparison, at the reporting unit level, of the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value is less than the carrying value, then the second part of the test is needed to measure the amount of potential goodwill impairment. The implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill is calculated and compared with the actual carrying value of goodwill recorded within the reporting unit. If the carrying value of reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, then the Company would recognize an impairment loss for the amount of the difference, which would be recorded as a charge against net income.

22




The fair values of the reporting units are determined primarily using discounted cash flow models based on each reporting unit’s internal forecasts. In addition, analysis using market-based trading and transaction multiples, where available, is used to assess the reasonableness of the valuations derived from the discounted cash flow models.

For additional information regarding the carrying values of goodwill by operating segment, see Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.”

Other Intangible Assets

As part of a business combination accounted for under the purchase method, the Company must record all acquired assets and liabilities at fair value as of the acquisition date. Acquired assets include any identified intangible assets, such as purchased credit card relationships or core deposit intangibles. The fair value of those intangible assets usually is determined based on a discounted cash flow model that considers the expected net cash inflows resulting from those intangible relationships. If the intangible asset has a determinable finite life, the asset is amortized through earnings over its estimated life. Such amortization expense generally is recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income under the noninterest expense caption, “Other Expense.”  For additional information regarding other intangible assets, see Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.”

Derivatives and Hedging Activities

The Company enters into derivative contracts to manage the various risks associated with certain assets, liabilities, or probable forecasted transactions. When the Company enters into derivative contracts, the derivative instrument is designated as: (1) a hedge of the fair value of a recognized asset or liability or of an unrecognized firm commitment (a “fair value” hedge); (2) a hedge of the variability in expected future cash flows associated with an existing recognized asset or liability or a probable forecasted transaction (a “cash flow” hedge); or (3) held for other risk management purposes (“risk management derivatives”).

All derivatives, whether designated in hedging relationships or not, are recorded at fair value as either assets or liabilities on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Changes in fair value of derivatives that are not in hedge accounting relationships (as in (3) above) are recorded within the Consolidated Statements of Income in the period in which the change in value occurs. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated as cash flow hedges (as in (2) above), to the extent such hedges are deemed highly effective, are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings when the earnings effect of the hedged cash flows is recognized. Changes in the fair value of derivatives in qualifying fair value hedge accounting relationships (as in (1) above) are recorded each period in earnings along with the change in fair value of the hedged item.

The determination of whether a derivative qualifies for hedge accounting requires complex judgments about the application of Statement No. 133. Additionally, this Statement requires contemporaneous documentation of the Company’s hedge relationships. Such documentation includes the nature of the risk being hedged, the identification of the hedged item, or the group of hedged items, that share the risk exposure that is designated as being hedged, the selection of the instrument that will be used to hedge the identified risk, and the method used to assess the effectiveness of the hedge relationship. The effectiveness assessment requires calculations that utilize standard statistical methods of correlation that must support the determination that the hedging relationship is expected to be highly effective, during the period that the hedge is designated, in achieving offsetting changes in fair value or cash flows attributable to the hedged risk. If the Company’s documentation and assessment of effectiveness are not considered to be adequate to achieve hedge accounting treatment, the derivative is treated as a free-standing risk management instrument.

23




Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses and Contingent Credit Risk Liabilities

Allowance for loan and lease losses

The allowance for loan and lease losses represents management’s estimate of incurred credit losses inherent in the Company’s loan and lease portfolios as of the balance sheet date. The estimation of the allowance is based on a variety of factors, including past loan loss experience, the current credit profile of the Company’s borrowers, adverse situations that have occurred that may affect the borrowers’ ability to repay, the estimated value of underlying collateral, the interest rate climate as it affects adjustable-rate loans and general economic conditions. Loans held in portfolio that are evaluated for collective impairment and loans held in portfolio that are individually reviewed for impairment but deemed not to be impaired may have both an allocated and unallocated allowance. Loans that are individually deemed to be impaired may only have an allocated allowance.

The allowance for loans evaluated for collective impairment is comprised of an allocated allowance that is computed for each portfolio based on specific loan portfolio metrics and an unallocated allowance that is computed based on certain environmental factors we believe are not adequately captured in the allocated allowance computations. Determining the adequacy of the allowance, particularly the unallocated allowance, is complex and requires judgment by management about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Subsequent evaluations of the loan portfolio, in light of the factors then prevailing, may result in significant changes in the allowance for loan and lease losses in future periods.

The allowance is comprised of an allowance for individually impaired loans, as well as an allowance for other individually unimpaired loans that share common risk characteristics that, in the aggregate, have incurred a probable loss on a collective basis. The determination of common risk factors that indicate a probable loss on a collective basis is complex and requires significant judgment by management about the shared risk characteristics that suggest a probable loss.

The allowance for loan and lease losses is reported within the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition and the provision for loan and lease losses is reported within the Consolidated Statements of Income.

The estimates and judgments are described in further detail in the subsequent section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis – “Credit Risk Management” and in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.”

Contingent Credit Risk Liabilities

In the ordinary course of business, the Company sells loans to third parties and in certain circumstances, such as in the event of early or first payment default, retains credit risk exposure on those loans. The Company may also be required to repurchase sold loans when representations and warranties made by the Company in connection with those sales are breached. When a loan sold to an investor fails to perform according to its contractual terms, the investor will typically review the loan file to search for errors that may have been made in the process of originating the loan. If errors are discovered and it is determined that such errors constitute a violation of a representation or warranty made to the investor in connection with the Company’s sale of the loan, then the Company will be required to either repurchase the loan or indemnify the investor for losses sustained if the violation had a material adverse effect on the value of the loan.

Reserves are established for the Company’s exposure to the potential repurchase or indemnification liabilities described above as such liabilities are generally recorded at fair value. Throughout the life of these repurchase or indemnification liabilities, the Company may learn of additional information that can affect the assessment of loss probability or the estimation of the amounts involved. Changes in these assessments can lead to significant changes in the recorded reserves. Repurchase and indemnification

24




liabilities are recorded within other liabilities on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition, and losses are recorded on the Consolidated Statements of Income under the noninterest income caption “Revenue from sales and servicing of home mortgage loans.”

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

Refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements – “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.”

Five-Year Summary of Selected Financial Data

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2006

 

2005

 

2004

 

2003

 

2002

 

 

 

(in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Income Statement Data (for the year ended)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

$

8,121

 

$

8,218

 

$

7,411

 

$

7,865

 

$

8,288

 

Provision for loan and lease losses

 

816

 

316

 

209

 

42

 

404

 

Noninterest income

 

6,377

 

5,097

 

4,061

 

5,437

 

4,174

 

Noninterest expense

 

8,807

 

7,620

 

7,332

 

7,267

 

6,081

 

Net income

 

3,558

 

3,432

 

2,878

 

3,880

 

3,861

 

Basic earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

3.27

 

3.80

 

2.84

 

4.17

 

3.99

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

0.47

 

0.04

 

0.50

 

0.12

 

0.10

 

Net income

 

3.74

 

3.84

 

3.34

 

4.29

 

4.09

 

Diluted earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

3.18

 

3.69

 

2.77

 

4.09

 

3.92

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

0.46

 

0.04

 

0.49

 

0.12

 

0.10

 

Net income

 

3.64

 

3.73

 

3.26

 

4.21

 

4.02

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

2.06

 

1.90

 

1.74

 

1.40

 

1.06

 

Balance Sheet Data (at year end)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale securities

 

$

24,978

 

$

24,659

 

$

19,219

 

$

36,707

 

$

43,905

 

Loans held for sale

 

44,970

 

33,582

 

42,743

 

20,837

 

39,623

 

Loans held in portfolio

 

224,960

 

229,632

 

207,071

 

175,150

 

143,028

 

Mortgage servicing rights

 

6,193

 

8,041

 

5,906

 

6,354

 

5,341

 

Goodwill

 

9,050

 

8,298

 

6,196

 

6,196

 

6,213

 

Total assets

 

346,288

 

343,573

 

307,581

 

275,178

 

268,225

 

Total deposits

 

213,956

 

193,167

 

173,658

 

153,181

 

155,516

 

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

 

11,953

 

15,532

 

15,944

 

28,333

 

16,717

 

Advances from Federal Home
Loan Banks

 

44,297

 

68,771

 

70,074

 

48,330

 

51,265

 

Other borrowings

 

32,852

 

23,777

 

18,498

 

15,483

 

14,712

 

Minority interests

 

2,448

 

15

 

13

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

26,969

 

27,279

 

20,889

 

19,405

 

19,724

 

Supplemental Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjustable-rate

 

$

110,914

 

$

125,758

 

$

128,263

 

$

113,677

 

$

96,091

 

Fixed-rate

 

47,469

 

81,964

 

84,099

 

270,504

 

183,358

 

Total home loan volume

 

158,383

 

207,722

 

212,362

 

384,181

 

279,449

 

Total loan volume

 

206,335

 

261,157

 

266,733

 

432,245

 

309,419

 

 

25




Ratios and Other Supplemental Data

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2006

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 

Profitability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets (1)

 

 

1.02

%

 

 

1.05

%

 

 

1.01

%

 

Return on average common equity (1)

 

 

13.52

 

 

 

14.91

 

 

 

14.26

 

 

Net interest margin

 

 

2.60

 

 

 

2.79

 

 

 

2.94

 

 

Efficiency ratio (2)(3)

 

 

60.75

 

 

 

57.23

 

 

 

63.91

 

 

Asset Quality (at year end)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonaccrual loans (4)

 

 

$

2,295

 

 

 

$

1,686

 

 

 

$

1,534

 

 

Foreclosed assets

 

 

480

 

 

 

276

 

 

 

261

 

 

Total nonperforming assets (4)

 

 

2,775

 

 

 

1,962

 

 

 

1,795

 

 

Nonperforming assets (4)  to total assets

 

 

0.80

%

 

 

0.57

%

 

 

0.58

%

 

Restructured loans

 

 

$

18

 

 

 

$

22

 

 

 

$

34

 

 

Total nonperforming assets and restructured
loans
(4)

 

 

2,793

 

 

 

1,984

 

 

 

1,829

 

 

Allowance for loan and lease losses

 

 

1,630

 

 

 

1,695

 

 

 

1,301

 

 

Allowance as a percentage of total loans held in portfolio

 

 

0.72

%

 

 

0.74

%

 

 

0.63

%

 

Credit Performance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net charge-offs

 

 

$

510

 

 

 

$

244

 

 

 

$

135

 

 

Capital Adequacy (at year end)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity to total assets

 

 

7.79

%

 

 

7.94

%

 

 

6.79

%

 

Tangible equity to total tangible assets (5)

 

 

6.04

 

 

 

5.62

 

 

 

4.94

 

 

Estimated total risk-based capital to total risk-weighted assets (6)

 

 

11.77

 

 

 

10.80

 

 

 

11.20

 

 

Per Common Share Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common shares outstanding at the end of period (in thousands) (7)

 

 

944,479

 

 

 

993,914

 

 

 

874,262

 

 

Common stock dividend payout ratio

 

 

55.08

%

 

 

49.48

%

 

 

52.10

%

 

Book value per common share (at year end) (8)

 

 

$

28.21

 

 

 

$

27.61

 

 

 

$

24.06

 

 

Market prices:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High

 

 

46.48

 

 

 

44.54

 

 

 

45.28

 

 

Low

 

 

41.47

 

 

 

36.92

 

 

 

37.63

 

 

Year end

 

 

45.49

 

 

 

43.50

 

 

 

42.28

 

 


(1)                  Includes income from continuing and discontinued operations.

(2)                  Based on continuing operations.

(3)                  The efficiency ratio is defined as noninterest expense divided by total revenue (net interest income and noninterest income).

(4)                  Excludes nonaccrual loans held for sale.

(5)                  Excludes unrealized net gain/loss on available-for-sale securities and derivatives, goodwill and intangible assets (except MSR) and transition adjustments related to the adoption of FASB Statement No. 158, Employer’s Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, as of December 31, 2006. Minority interests of $2.45 billion for December 31, 2006 are included in the numerator.

(6)                  The total risk-based capital ratio is estimated as if Washington Mutual, Inc. were a bank holding company subject to Federal Reserve Board capital requirements.

(7)                  Includes six million shares held in escrow at December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004.

(8)                  Excludes six million shares held in escrow at December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004.

26




Earnings Performance from Continuing Operations

Net Interest Income

For 2006, net interest income decreased $97 million, or 1%, compared with 2005. The decrease was due to a 19 basis point decline in the net interest margin as an increase in the cost of interest-bearing liabilities, driven by higher short-term interest rates and a more competitive deposit pricing environment, outpaced the increase in the yield on interest-earning assets. Partially offsetting the decline in the net interest margin was a 6% increase in average interest-earning assets, driven primarily by an increase in home loans held in portfolio and growth in the credit card portfolio.

Average balances, together with the total dollar amounts of interest income and expense related to such balances and the weighted average interest rates, were as follows:

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2006

 

2005

 

2004

 

 

 

Average
Balance

 

Rate

 

Interest
Income

 

Average
Balance

 

Rate

 

Interest
Income

 

Average
Balance

 

Rate

 

Interest
Income

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)

 

Assets (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-earning assets (2) :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell

 

$

4,718

 

5.20

%

 

$

245

 

 

$

2,154

 

3.42

%

 

$

74

 

 

$

884

 

1.42

%

 

$

13

 

 

Trading assets

 

7,829

 

7.74

 

 

606

 

 

7,217

 

6.50

 

 

469

 

 

2,368

 

6.39

 

 

151

 

 

Available-for-sale securities (3) :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

21,288

 

5.40

 

 

1,150

 

 

16,347

 

4.80

 

 

784

 

 

10,255

 

3.99

 

 

409

 

 

Investment securities

 

6,238

 

4.96

 

 

310

 

 

4,506

 

4.74

 

 

214

 

 

10,732

 

3.30

 

 

355

 

 

Loans held for sale

 

27,791

 

6.50

 

 

1,807

 

 

44,847

 

5.34

 

 

2,394

 

 

29,721

 

4.96

 

 

1,475

 

 

Loans held in portfolio (4) :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans secured by real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home loans (5)(6)

 

120,320

 

5.83

 

 

7,011

 

 

110,326

 

4.97

 

 

5,485

 

 

107,518

 

4.28

 

 

4,605

 

 

Home equity loans and lines of credit (6)

 

52,265

 

7.33

 

 

3,833

 

 

47,909

 

6.01

 

 

2,878

 

 

35,855

 

4.77

 

 

1,709

 

 

Subprime mortgage channel (7)

 

20,202

 

6.31

 

 

1,275

 

 

20,561

 

5.90

 

 

1,214

 

 

15,771

 

5.71

 

 

900

 

 

Home construction (8)

 

2,061

 

6.46

 

 

133

 

 

2,074

 

6.22

 

 

129

 

 

2,489

 

5.50

 

 

137

 

 

Multi-family

 

27,386

 

6.28

 

 

1,721

 

 

24,070

 

5.41

 

 

1,303

 

 

21,090

 

5.06

 

 

1,068

 

 

Other real estate

 

5,797

 

6.93

 

 

402

 

 

5,091

 

7.11

 

 

362

 

 

6,396

 

6.41

 

 

410

 

 

Total loans secured by real estate

 

228,031

 

6.30

 

 

14,375

 

 

210,031

 

5.41

 

 

11,371

 

 

189,119

 

4.67

 

 

8,829

 

 

Consumer:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credit card

 

8,733

 

11.19

 

 

977

 

 

2,082

 

11.96

 

 

249

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

444

 

11.12

 

 

50

 

 

707

 

10.67

 

 

75

 

 

899

 

10.11

 

 

91

 

 

Commercial

 

1,886

 

6.94

 

 

131

 

 

2,614

 

5.04

 

 

132

 

 

4,415

 

4.47

 

 

197

 

 

Total loans held in portfolio

 

239,094

 

6.50

 

 

15,533

 

 

215,434

 

5.49

 

 

11,827

 

 

194,433

 

4.69

 

 

9,117

 

 

Other

 

5,220

 

4.90

 

 

256

 

 

4,324

 

3.65

 

 

158

 

 

4,069

 

3.08

 

 

125

 

 

Total interest-earning assets

 

312,178

 

6.38

 

 

19,907

 

 

294,829

 

5.40

 

 

15,920

 

 

252,462

 

4.61

 

 

11,645

 

 

Noninterest-earning assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage servicing rights

 

7,667

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,597

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

8,489

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,712

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets (9)

 

20,424

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,095

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

348,758

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

326,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

284,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing checking deposits

 

$

36,477

 

2.63

 

 

960

 

 

$

46,524

 

1.95

 

 

906

 

 

$

59,826

 

1.28

 

 

766

 

 

Savings and money market deposits

 

48,866

 

2.96

 

 

1,446

 

 

42,555

 

1.76

 

 

750

 

 

35,927

 

1.11

 

 

399

 

 

Time deposits

 

84,106

 

4.59

 

 

3,857

 

 

62,175

 

3.33

 

 

2,072

 

 

35,917

 

2.44

 

 

878

 

 

Total interest-bearing deposits

 

169,449

 

3.70

 

 

6,263

 

 

151,254

 

2.46

 

 

3,728

 

 

131,670

 

1.55

 

 

2,043

 

 

Federal funds purchased and commercial paper

 

7,347

 

5.06

 

 

371

 

 

5,314

 

3.56

 

 

190

 

 

3,522

 

1.50

 

 

53

 

 

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

 

15,257

 

5.12

 

 

781

 

 

15,365

 

3.40

 

 

523

 

 

16,660

 

2.26

 

 

377

 

 

Advances from Federal Home Loan Banks

 

56,619

 

4.99

 

 

2,828

 

 

68,713

 

3.46

 

 

2,377

 

 

58,622

 

2.16

 

 

1,268

 

 

Other

 

28,796

 

5.36

 

 

1,543

 

 

21,603

 

4.09

 

 

884

 

 

13,724

 

3.59

 

 

493

 

 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

 

277,468

 

4.25

 

 

11,786

 

 

262,249

 

2.94

 

 

7,702

 

 

224,198

 

1.89

 

 

4,234

 

 

Noninterest-bearing sources:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noninterest-bearing deposits

 

34,380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,769

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,738

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities (10)

 

8,865

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,945

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minority interests

 

1,639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

26,406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23,024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20,191

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

348,758

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

326,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

284,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest spread and net interest income

 

 

 

2.13

 

 

$

8,121

 

 

 

 

2.46

 

 

$

8,218

 

 

 

 

2.72

 

 

$

7,411

 

 

Impact of noninterest-bearing sources

 

 

 

0.47

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.22

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

 

 

 

2.60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.79

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.94

 

 

 

 

 


(1)       Average balances of assets and liabilities of acquired companies are calculated by dividing the stub period of the Company’s ownership of those assets or liabilities by one year.

(2)       Nonaccrual assets and related income, if any, are included in their respective categories.

(3)       The average balance and yield are based on average amortized cost balances.

(4)       Interest income for loans held in portfolio includes amortization of net deferred loan origination costs of $463 million, $402 million, and $327 million for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004.

(5)       Capitalized interest recognized in earnings that resulted from negative amortization within the Option ARM portfolio totaled $1.07 billion, $292 million, and $19 million for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004.

(6)       Excludes home loans and home equity loans and lines of credit in the subprime mortgage channel.

(7)       Represents mortgage loans purchased from recognized subprime lenders and mortgage loans originated under the Long Beach Mortgage name and held in the Company’s investment portfolio.

(8)       Represents loans to builders for the purpose of financing the acquisition, development and construction of single-family residences for sale and construction loans made directly to the intended occupant of a single-family residence.

(9)       Includes assets of discontinued operations.

(10)    Includes liabilities of discontinued operations.

27




The dollar amounts of interest income and interest expense fluctuate depending upon changes in interest rates and upon changes in the volume of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities . Changes attributable to (i) changes in volume (changes in average outstanding balances multiplied by the prior period’s rate), (ii) changes in rate (changes in average interest rate multiplied by the prior period’s volume), and (iii) changes in rate/volume (changes in rate times the change in volume) which were allocated proportionately to the changes in volume and the changes in rate and included in the relevant column below were as follows:

 

 

2006 vs. 2005

 

2005 vs. 2004

 

 

 

Increase/(Decrease)
Due to

 

Total

 

Increase/(Decrease)
Due to

 

Total

 

 

 

Volume

 

Rate

 

Change

 

Volume

 

Rate

 

Change

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Interest Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell

 

 

$

119

 

 

$

52

 

 

$

171

 

 

 

$

31

 

 

$

30

 

 

$

61

 

 

Trading assets

 

 

42

 

 

95

 

 

137

 

 

 

315

 

 

3

 

 

318

 

 

Available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

 

258

 

 

108

 

 

366

 

 

 

280

 

 

95

 

 

375

 

 

Investment securities

 

 

86

 

 

10

 

 

96

 

 

 

(257

)

 

116

 

 

(141

)

 

Loans held for sale

 

 

(1,036

)

 

449

 

 

(587

)

 

 

800

 

 

119

 

 

919

 

 

Loans held in portfolio:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans secured by real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home loans (1)

 

 

526

 

 

1,000

 

 

1,526

 

 

 

122

 

 

758

 

 

880

 

 

Home equity loans and lines of credit (1)

 

 

279

 

 

676

 

 

955

 

 

 

659

 

 

510

 

 

1,169

 

 

Subprime mortgage channel (2)

 

 

(22

)

 

83

 

 

61

 

 

 

282

 

 

32

 

 

314

 

 

Home construction (3)

 

 

(1

)

 

5

 

 

4

 

 

 

(24

)

 

16

 

 

(8

)

 

Multi-family

 

 

193

 

 

225

 

 

418

 

 

 

159

 

 

76

 

 

235

 

 

Other real estate

 

 

49

 

 

(9

)

 

40

 

 

 

(90

)

 

42

 

 

(48

)

 

Total loans secured by real estate

 

 

1,024

 

 

1,980

 

 

3,004

 

 

 

1,108

 

 

1,434

 

 

2,542

 

 

Consumer:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credit card

 

 

745

 

 

(17

)

 

728

 

 

 

249

 

 

 

 

249

 

 

Other

 

 

(29

)

 

4

 

 

(25

)