UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012

 

or

 

o

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the transition period from            to           

 

Commission file number 000-51442

 

GENCO SHIPPING & TRADING LIMITED

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Republic of the Marshall Islands

 

98-043-9758

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

299 Park Avenue, 12 th  Floor, New York, New York

 

10171

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (646) 443-8550

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

Common Stock, par value $.01 per share

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

New York Stock Exchange

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes   o  No   x

 

Indicated by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   o  No   x

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   x  No   o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   o  No   o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  o

 

Accelerated filer  x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer  o

 

Smaller reporting company  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes   o No   x

 

T he aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter , computed by reference to the last sale price of such stock of $3.05 per share as of June 30, 2012 on the New York Stock Exchange, was approximately $ 113.6 million .  The registrant has no non-voting common equity issued and outstanding.   The determination of affiliate status for purposes of this paragraph is not necessarily a conclusive determination for any other purpose.

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of March 1, 2013 was 44,270,273 shares.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of o ur Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2012, are incorporated by reference in Part III herein.

 

 

 



 

PART I

 

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are a New York City-based company, incorporated in the Marshall Islands in 2004 .  We transport iron ore, coal, grain, steel products and other drybulk cargoes along worldwide shipping routes through the ownership and operation of drybulk carrier vessels.  Excluding vessels of Baltic Trading Limited (“Baltic Trading”), our fleet currently consists of 53 drybulk carriers, including nine Capesize, eight Panamax, 17 Supramax, six Handymax and 13 Handysize drybulk carriers, with an aggregate carrying capacity of approximately 3,810,000 dwt.  The average age of our current fleet is approximately 7.8 years, as compared to the average age for the world fleet of approximately 10 years for the drybulk shipping segments in which we compete.  All of the vessels in our fleet were built in shipyards with reputations for constructing high-quality vessels.  Excluding Baltic Trading, approximately 75% of the vessels in our fleet are currently on spot market-related time charters and approximately 15% are on fixed-rate time charter contracts.  Additionally, five of our vessels currently operate in the Lauritzen Pool.  Under a pool arrangement, the vessels operate under a time charter agreement whereby the cost of bunkers and port expenses are borne by the pool and operating costs including crews, maintenance and insurance are typically paid by the owner of the vessel.  Since the members of the pool share in the revenue generated by the entire group of vessels in the pool, and the pool operates in the spot market, the revenue earned by these five vessels are subject to the fluctuations of the spot market.  Most of our vessels are chartered to well-known charterers, including Lauritzen Bulkers A/S or LB/IVS Pool, in which Lauritzen Bulkers A/S acts as the pool manager (collectively, “Lauritzen Bulkers”), Cargill International S.A. (“Cargill”), Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd. (“Pacbasin”), Trafigura Beheer B.V. (“Trafigura”), Klaveness Chartering (“Klaveness) and Swissmarine Services S.A. (“Swissmarine”).

 

In addition, Baltic Trading’s fleet currently consists of two Capesize, four Supramax and three Handysize drybulk carriers with an aggregate carrying capacity of approximately 672,000 dwt.

 

If market conditions improve, we may acquire additional modern, high-quality drybulk carriers through timely and selective acquisitions of vessels in a manner that is accretive to our cash flow.  In connection with the acquisitions made during 2007 through 2011 and our growth strategy, we negotiated the 2007 Credit Facility, $100 Million Term Loan Facility, $253 Million Term Loan Facility and the 2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility (each as defined herein) that we have used to acquire vessels.  As we have used our remaining availability under these facilities, if we make acquisitions of additional vessels, we may consider additional debt or equity financing alternatives.

 

On June 3, 2010, we entered into an agreement to purchase a total of eight Handysize drybulk vessels, including five newbuildings, from companies within the Metrostar Management Corporation group of companies (“Metrostar”) for an aggregate purchase price of $266.0 million.  Five of these vessels are owned by us and three are owned by Baltic Trading.  Additionally, on June 24, 2010, we entered into a Master Agreement with Bourbon SA (“Bourbon”) to purchase 16 drybulk vessels, including two newbuildings, for an aggregate purchase price of $545.0 million.  We retained 13 of the 16 vessels, including one newbuilding, and the remaining three vessels were immediately resold to Maritime Equity Partners LLC (“MEP”). Our Chairman, Peter C. Georgiopoulos, controls and has a minority interest in MEP.  All eight vessels have been delivered from Metrostar and all 16 vessels have been delivered from Bourbon, three of which were sold to MEP.

 

In order to fund the acquisition of these vessels, we entered into two senior secured term loan facilities.  On August 12, 2010, we entered into a $100 million senior secured term loan facility (the “$100 Million Term Loan Facility”) to be utilized to fund or refund to us a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition of five vessels from Metrostar.  On August 20, 2010, we entered into a $253 million senior secured term loan facility (the “$253 Million Term Loan Facility”) to fund a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition of 13 vessels from Bourbon.  The Baltic Trading vessels have been funded utilizing its $150 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility”).

 

Our management team and our other employees are responsible for the commercial and strategic management of our fleet.  Commercial management includes the negotiation of charters for vessels, managing the mix of various types of charters, such as time charters, voyage charters and spot market-related time charters, and monitoring the performance of our vessels under their charters.  Strategic management includes locating, purchasing, financing and selling vessels.  We currently contract with three independent technical managers to provide technical management of our fleet at a lower cost than we believe would be possible in-house.  Technical management involves the day-to-day management of vessels, including performing routine maintenance, attending to vessel operations and arranging for crews and supplies.  Members of our New York City-based management team oversee the activities of our independent technical managers.

 

2



 

We hold an investment in the capital stock of Jinhui Shipping and Transportation Limited (“Jinhui”).  Jinhui is a drybulk shipping owner and operator focused on the Supramax segment of drybulk shipping.

 

We organized Baltic Tradingwhich completed its initial public offering, or IPO, on March 15, 2010.  As of December 31, 2012, our wholly-owned subsidiary Genco Investments LLC owned 5,699,088 shares of Baltic Trading’s Class B Stock, which represents a 24.78% ownership interest in Baltic Trading at December 31, 2012 and 83.17% of the aggregate voting power of Baltic Trading’s outstanding shares of voting stock.  Baltic Trading is consolidated as we control a majority of the voting interest in Baltic Trading.  Management’s discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition includes the results of Baltic Trading.

 

We entered into a long-term management agreement (the “Management Agreement”) with Baltic Trading pursuant to which we apply our expertise and experience in the drybulk industry to provide Baltic Trading with commercial, technical, administrative and strategic services.  The Management Agreement is for an initial term of approximately 15 years and will automatically renew for additional five-year periods unless terminated in accordance with its terms.  Baltic Trading will pay us for the services we provide it as well as reimburse us for our costs and expenses incurred in providing certain of these services.  Management fee income we earn from the Management Agreement net of any allocated shared expenses, such as salary, office expenses and other general and administrative fees, will be taxable to us.  Upon consolidation with Baltic Trading, any management fee income earned will be eliminated for financial reporting purposes.

 

We provide technical services for drybulk vessels purchased by MEP under an agency agreement between us and MEP.  These services include oversight of crew management, insurance, drydocking, ship operations and financial statement preparation, but do not include chartering services.  The services are provided for a fee of $750 per ship per day plus reimbursement of out-of-pocket costs and will be provided for an initial term of one year.  MEP will have the right to cancel provision of services on 60 days’ notice with payment of a one-year termination fee or without a fee upon a change of our control.  We may terminate provision of the services at any time on 60 days notice.  Mr. Georgiopoulos controls and has a minority interest in MEP.  This arrangement was approved by an independent committee of our Board of Directors.

 

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

We file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements, and other documents with the SEC, under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act.  The public may read and copy any materials that we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549.  The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.  Also, the SEC maintains an Internet website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC.  The public can obtain any documents that we file with the SEC at www.sec.gov.

 

In addition, our company website can be found on the Internet at www.gencoshipping.com.  The website contains information about us and our operations.  Copies of each of our filings with the SEC on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports, can be viewed and downloaded free of charge after the reports and amendments are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC.  To view the reports, access www.gencoshipping.com, click on Investor, then SEC Filings.  No information on our company website is incorporated by reference into this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Any of the above documents can also be obtained in print by any shareholder upon request to our Investor Relations Department at the following address:

 

Corporate Investor Relations

Genco Shipping & Trading Limited

299 Park Avenue, 12 th  Floor

New York, NY 10171

 

BUSINESS STRATEGY

 

Our strategy is to manage and expand our fleet in a manner that maximizes our cash flows from operations.  To accomplish this objective, we intend to:

 

·                   Strategically expand the size of our fleet  — If market conditions improve, we may acquire additional modern, high-quality drybulk carriers through timely and selective acquisitions of vessels in a manner that is accretive to our cash flows.  If we make acquisitions of additional vessels, we may consider additional debt or equity financing alternatives.

 

3



 

·                   Continue to operate a high-quality fleet - We intend to maintain a modern, high-quality fleet that meets or exceeds stringent industry standards and complies with charterer requirements through our technical managers’ rigorous and comprehensive maintenance program.  In addition, our technical managers maintain the quality of our vessels by carrying out regular inspections, both while in port and at sea.

 

·                   Pursue an appropriate combination of time and spot charters - All of our 53 vessels, excluding those of Baltic Trading, are under time charters, spot market-related time charters or pool agreements.  Charters under fixed rate contracts provide us with relatively stable revenues, and charterers under spot market-related time charters provide us with market revenues, both of which provide us with a high fleet utilization.   We may in the future pursue other market opportunities for our vessels to capitalize on market conditions, including arranging longer or shorter charter periods and entering into short-term time charters, voyage charters and use of vessel pools.  Our charter strategy through the current unfavorable market condition has been focused on signing short-term or spot market-related contracts with multinational charterers in order to preserve our ability to capitalize on possible future rate increases.

 

·                   Maintain low-cost, highly efficient operations — During the year ended December 31, 2012, we outsourced technical management of our fleet, to Wallem Shipmanagement Limited (“Wallem”), Anglo-Eastern Group (“Anglo”), and V.Ships Limited (“V.Ships”), third-party independent technical managers, at a cost we believe is lower than what we could achieve by performing the function in-house.  Our management team actively monitors and controls vessel operating expenses incurred by the independent technical managers by overseeing their activities.  Finally, we seek to maintain low-cost, highly efficient operations by capitalizing on the cost savings and economies of scale that result from operating sister ships.

 

·                   Capitalize on our management team’s reputation  - We will continue to capitalize on our management team’s reputation for high standards of performance, reliability and safety, and maintain strong relationships with major international charterers, many of whom consider the reputation of a vessel owner and operator when entering into time charters.  We believe that our management team’s track record improves our relationships with high quality shipyards and financial institutions, many of which consider reputation to be an indicator of creditworthiness.

 

OUR FLEET

 

The table below summarizes the characteristics of our vessels, including those of Baltic Trading:

 

Genco Shipping & Trading Limited:

 

Vessel

 

Class

 

Dwt

 

Year Built

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Augustus

 

Capesize

 

180,151

 

2007

 

Genco Claudius

 

Capesize

 

169,025

 

2010

 

Genco Constantine

 

Capesize

 

180,183

 

2008

 

Genco Commodus

 

Capesize

 

169,025

 

2009

 

Genco Hadrian

 

Capesize

 

169,694

 

2008

 

Genco London

 

Capesize

 

177,833

 

2007

 

Genco Maximus

 

Capesize

 

169,025

 

2009

 

Genco Tiberius

 

Capesize

 

175,874

 

2007

 

Genco Titus

 

Capesize

 

177,729

 

2007

 

Genco Acheron

 

Panamax

 

72,495

 

1999

 

Genco Beauty

 

Panamax

 

73,941

 

1999

 

 

4



 

Vessel

 

Class

 

Dwt

 

Year Built

 

Genco Knight

 

Panamax

 

73,941

 

1999

 

Genco Leader

 

Panamax

 

73,941

 

1999

 

Genco Raptor

 

Panamax

 

76,499

 

2007

 

Genco Surprise

 

Panamax

 

72,495

 

1998

 

Genco Thunder

 

Panamax

 

76,588

 

2007

 

Genco Vigour

 

Panamax

 

73,941

 

1999

 

Genco Aquitaine

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2009

 

Genco Ardennes

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2009

 

Genco Auvergne

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2009

 

Genco Bourgogne

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2010

 

Genco Brittany

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2010

 

Genco Cavalier

 

Supramax

 

53,617

 

2007

 

Genco Hunter

 

Supramax

 

58,729

 

2007

 

Genco Languedoc

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2010

 

Genco Loire

 

Supramax

 

53,416

 

2009

 

Genco Lorraine

 

Supramax

 

53,416

 

2009

 

Genco Normandy

 

Supramax

 

53,596

 

2007

 

Genco Picardy

 

Supramax

 

55,257

 

2005

 

Genco Predator

 

Supramax

 

55,407

 

2005

 

Genco Provence

 

Supramax

 

55,317

 

2004

 

Genco Pyrenees

 

Supramax

 

57,981

 

2010

 

Genco Rhone

 

Supramax

 

58,018

 

2011

 

Genco Warrior

 

Supramax

 

55,435

 

2005

 

Genco Carrier

 

Handymax

 

47,180

 

1998

 

Genco Marine

 

Handymax

 

45,222

 

1996

 

Genco Muse

 

Handymax

 

48,913

 

2001

 

Genco Prosperity

 

Handymax

 

47,180

 

1997

 

Genco Success

 

Handymax

 

47,186

 

1997

 

Genco Wisdom

 

Handymax

 

47,180

 

1997

 

Genco Avra

 

Handysize

 

34,391

 

2011

 

Genco Bay

 

Handysize

 

34,296

 

2010

 

Genco Challenger

 

Handysize

 

28,428

 

2003

 

Genco Champion

 

Handysize

 

28,445

 

2006

 

Genco Charger

 

Handysize

 

28,398

 

2005

 

Genco Explorer

 

Handysize

 

29,952

 

1999

 

Genco Mare

 

Handysize

 

34,428

 

2011

 

Genco Ocean

 

Handysize

 

34,409

 

2010

 

Genco Pioneer

 

Handysize

 

29,952

 

1999

 

Genco Progress

 

Handysize

 

29,952

 

1999

 

Genco Reliance

 

Handysize

 

29,952

 

1999

 

Genco Spirit

 

Handysize

 

34,432

 

2011

 

Genco Sugar

 

Handysize

 

29,952

 

1998

 

 

Baltic Trading Limited:

 

Vessel

 

Class

 

Dwt

 

Year Built

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baltic Bear

 

Capesize

 

177,717

 

2010

 

Baltic Wolf

 

Capesize

 

177,752

 

2010

 

Baltic Cougar

 

Supramax

 

53,432

 

2009

 

Baltic Jaguar

 

Supramax

 

53,474

 

2009

 

Baltic Leopard

 

Supramax

 

53,447

 

2009

 

Baltic Panther

 

Supramax

 

53,351

 

2009

 

Baltic Breeze

 

Handysize

 

34,386

 

2010

 

Baltic Cove

 

Handysize

 

34,403

 

2010

 

Baltic Wind

 

Handysize

 

34,409

 

2009

 

 

FLEET MANAGEMENT

 

Our management team and other employees are responsible for the commercial and strategic management of our fleet.  Commercial management involves negotiating charters for vessels, managing the mix of various types of charters, such as time

 

5



 

charters, voyage charters and spot market-related time charters, and monitoring the performance of our vessels under their charters.  Strategic management involves locating, purchasing, financing and selling vessels.

 

We utilize the services of reputable independent technical managers for the technical management of our fleet.  We currently contract with Wallem, Anglo and V.Ships, independent technical managers, for our technical management.  Technical management involves the day-to-day management of vessels, including performing routine maintenance, attending to vessel operations and arranging for crews and supplies.  Members of our New York City-based management team oversee the activities of our independent technical managers.  The head of our technical management team has over 30 years of experience in the shipping industry.

 

Wallem, founded in 1971, Anglo, founded in 1974 and V.Ships, founded in 1984, are among the largest ship management companies in the world.  These technical man a gers are known worldwide for their agency network s , covering all major ports in China, Hong Kong, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Singapore.  These technical managers provide services to over 1,000 vessels of all types, including Capesize, Panamax, Supramax, Handymax and Handysize drybulk carriers that meet strict quality standards.

 

Under our technical management agreements, our technical manager is obligated to:

 

·                           provide personnel to supervise the maintenance and general efficiency of our vessels;

 

·                           arrange and supervise the maintenance of our vessels to our standards to assure that our vessels comply with applicable national and international regulations and the requirements of our vessels’ classification societies;

 

·                           select and train the crews for our vessels, including assuring that the crews have the correct certificates for the types of vessels on which they serve;

 

·                           check the compliance of the crews’ licenses with the regulations of the vessels’ flag states and the International Maritime Organization, or IMO;

 

·                           arrange the supply of spares and stores for our vessels; and

 

·                           report expense transactions to us, and make its procurement and accounting systems available to us.

 

OUR CHARTERS

 

As of February 27, 2013, excluding Baltic Trading, we employed 40 of our 53 drybulk carriers under spot market-related time charters, which are time charters with rates based on published Baltic Indices.  These types of charters are similar to time charters with the exception of having a fixed rate over the term of the time charter agreement.  As such, the revenue earned by these 40 vessels is subject to the fluctuations of the spot market.  Four of these vessels have spot market-related time charters which are linked with a floor of $8,500 and a ceiling of $13,500 daily with a 50% profit sharing arrangement to apply to any amount above the ceiling.  The rate is based on 115% of the average of the daily rates of the Baltic Handysize index as reflected in daily reports.  Additionally, as of February 27, 2013 , excluding Baltic Trading, we employed eight of our 53 drybulk carriers under fixed-rate time charters.  A time charter involves the hiring of a vessel from its owner for a period of time pursuant to a contract under which the vessel owner places its ship (including its crew and equipment) at the disposal of the charterer.  Under a time charter, the charterer periodically pays a fixed daily charterhire rate to the owner of the vessel and bears all voyage expenses, including the cost of bunkers (“fuel”), port expenses , agents’ fees and canal dues.

 

The remaining five of our drybulk carriers are currently in a vessel pool.  The Genco Explorer, Genco Pioneer, Genco Progress, Genco Reliance and Genco Sugar are in the Lauritzen Pool.  We believe that vessel pools provide cost-effective commercial management activities for a group of similar class vessels.  The pool arrangement provides the benefits of a large-scale operation and chartering efficiencies that might not be available to smaller fleets.  Under the pool arrangement, the vessels operate under a time charter agreement whereby the cost of bunkers and port expenses are borne by the charterer and operating costs including crews, maintenance and insurance are typically paid by the owner of the vessel.  Since the members of the pool share in the revenue generated by the entire group of vessels in the pool, and the pool operates in the spot market, the revenue earned by these five vessels is subject to the fluctuations of the spot market.

 

Subject to any restrictions in the contract, the charterer determines the type and quantity of cargo to be carried and the ports of loading and discharging.  Our vessels operate worldwide within the trading limits imposed by our insurance terms.  The technical operation and navigation of the vessel at all times remains the responsibility of the vessel owner, which is generally responsible for the vessel’s operating expenses, including the cost of crewing, insuring, repairing and maintaining the vessel, costs of spares and consumable stores, tonnage taxes and other miscellaneous expenses.

 

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Each of our current time charters, spot market-related time charters and vessel pool agreements expire within a range of dates (for example, a minimum of 11 and maximum of 13 months following delivery), with the exact end of the time charter left unspecified to account for the uncertainty of when a vessel will complete its final voyage under the time charter.  The charterer may extend the charter period by any time that the vessel is off-hire.  If a vessel remains off-hire for more than 30 consecutive days, the time charter may be cancelled at the charterer’s option.

 

In connection with the charter of each of our vessels, we incur commissions generally ranging from 1.25% to 6.25% of the total daily charterhire rate of each charter to third-parties, depending on the number of brokers involved with arranging the relevant charter.

 

We monitor developments in the drybulk shipping industry on a regular basis and strategically adjust the charterhire periods for our vessels according to market conditions as they become available for charter.

 

During the beginning of 2009, the Genco Cavalier, a 2007-built Supramax vessel, was on charter to Samsun Logix Corporation (“Samsun”), when Samsun filed for the equivalent of bankruptcy protection in South Korea, otherwise referred to as a rehabilitation application.  On February 5, 2010, the rehabilitation plan submitted by Samsun was approved by the South Korean courts.  As part of the rehabilitation process, our claim of approximately $17.2 million will be settled in the following manner: 34%, or approximately $5.9 million, will be paid in cash in annual installments on December 30 of each year from 2010 through 2019 ranging in percentages from eight to 17; the remaining 66%, or approximately $11.3 million, converted to Samsun shares at a specified value per share.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, we have recorded $0.3 million as other operating income which represents 50% of the portion (9%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2012 as this was the only amount remitted by Samsun. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we have recorded $0.5 million as other operating income which represents the portion (9%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2011.  During the year ended December 31, 2010, we have recorded $0.6 million as other operating income which represents the portion (10%) of the cash settlement which was due on December 30, 2010.

 

During January 2011, the Genco Success, a 1997-built Handymax vessel, was on charter to Korea Line Corporation (“KLC”) when KLC filed for a rehabilitation application.  On July 3, 2012, the rehabilitation plan submitted by KLC was approved by the South Korean courts.  As part of the rehabilitation process, our claim of approximately $0.8 million will be settled in the following manner:  37%, or approximately $0.3 million, will be paid in cash in annual installments on December 30 of each year from 2012 through 2021 ranging in percentages from 0.5 to 43; the remaining 63%, or approximately $0.5 million, converted to KLC shares at a specified value per share.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, we have recorded two-thousand dollars as other operating income which represents the portion (0.5%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2012.

 

The following table sets forth information about the current employment of the vessels currently in our fleet as of February 27, 2013:

 

Genco Shipping & Trading Limited

 

Vessel

 

Year
Built

 

Charterer

 

Charter
Expiration (1)

 

Cash Daily
Rate (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Augustus

 

2007

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BCI

 

Genco Tiberius

 

2007

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

September 2013

 

100% of BCI

 

Genco London

 

2007

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

July 2013

 

100% of BCI

 

Genco Titus

 

2007

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

June 2013

 

100% of BCI

 

Genco Constantine

 

2008

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

October 2013

 

100% of BCI

 

Genco Hadrian

 

2008

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

October 2013

 

98.5% of BCI(3)

 

Genco Commodus

 

2009

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

May 2013

 

99% of BCI

 

Genco Maximus

 

2009

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

December 2013

 

98.5% of BCI(4)

 

Genco Claudius

 

2010

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

January 2014

 

98.5% of BCI(5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panamax Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Beauty

 

1999

 

Global Maritime Investments Ltd.

 

May 2013

 

97% of BPI

 

Genco Knight

 

1999

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

January 2014

 

98% of BPI(6)

 

Genco Leader

 

1999

 

TTMI Sarl

 

December 2013

 

100% of BPI(7)

 

Genco Vigour

 

1999

 

Global Maritime Investments Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

97% of BPI

 

Genco Acheron

 

1999

 

Global Maritime Investments Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

97% of BPI

 

 

7



 

Genco Surprise

 

1998

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

September 2013

 

97% of BPI

 

Genco Raptor

 

2007

 

Global Maritime Investments Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BPI

 

Genco Thunder

 

2007

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

June 2013

 

97% of BPI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supramax Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Predator

 

2005

 

D’Amico Dry Ltd.

 

May 2013/Oct. 2014

 

103% of BSI/101% of BSI(8)

 

Genco Warrior

 

2005

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

May 2014

 

101% of BSI

 

Genco Hunter

 

2007

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

July 2013

 

105% of BSI

 

Genco Cavalier

 

2007

 

West Line Shipping Co., Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

$7,000(9)

 

Genco Lorraine

 

2009

 

Pioneer Navigation Ltd.

 

July 2013

 

$9,400

 

Genco Loire

 

2009

 

Clipper Bulk Shipping N.V.

 

July 2013

 

$9,950

 

Genco Aquitaine

 

2009

 

Pioneer Navigation Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BSI

 

Genco Ardennes

 

2009

 

Hamburg Bulk Carriers

 

February 2014

 

$10,250

 

Genco Auvergne

 

2009

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

April 2013

 

100% of BSI

 

Genco Bourgogne

 

2010

 

Thoresen Shipping Singapore PTE Ltd.

 

July 2013

 

$8,000(10)

 

Genco Brittany

 

2010

 

D’Amico Dry Ltd.

 

April 2013

 

100% of BSI

 

Genco Languedoc

 

2010

 

Clipper Bulk Shipping N.V./D’Amico Dry Ltd.

 

Mar. 2013/Jan. 2015

 

$8,500/100% of BSI(11)

 

Genco Normandy

 

2007

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

$8,500(12)

 

Genco Picardy

 

2005

 

Pioneer Navigation Ltd.

 

December 2014

 

101% of BSI(13)

 

Genco Provence

 

2004

 

Pioneer Navigation Ltd.

 

March 2014

 

101% of BSI(14)

 

Genco Pyrenees

 

2010

 

Navig8 Inc.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BSI

 

Genco Rhone

 

2011

 

AMN Bulk Carriers Inc.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BSI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Handymax Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Success

 

1997

 

ED & F MAN Shipping Ltd

.

April 2013

 

91.5% of BSI

 

Genco Carrier

 

1998

 

Klaveness Chartering

 

June 2013

 

91% of BSI

 

Genco Prosperity

 

1997

 

ED & F MAN Shipping Ltd

.

June 2013

 

$7,000(15)

 

Genco Wisdom

 

1997

 

JIT International Co., Ltd.

 

April 2013

 

$7,900(16)

 

Genco Marine

 

1996

 

ED & F MAN Shipping Ltd

.

April 2013

 

91% of BSI

 

Genco Muse

 

2001

 

Trafigura Beheer B.V.

 

March 2013

 

93.5% of BSI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Handysize Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genco Explorer

 

1999

 

Lauritzen Bulkers A/S

 

May 2013

 

Spot(17)

 

Genco Pioneer

 

1999

 

Lauritzen Bulkers A/S

 

May 2013

 

Spot(17)

 

Genco Progress

 

1999

 

Lauritzen Bulkers A/S

 

February 2014

 

Spot(17)

 

Genco Reliance

 

1999

 

Lauritzen Bulkers A/S

 

February 2014

 

Spot(17)

 

Genco Sugar

 

1998

 

Lauritzen Bulkers A/S

 

February 2014

 

Spot(17)

 

Genco Charger

 

2005

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

February 2015

 

100% of BHSI(18)

 

Genco Challenger

 

2003

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

February 2015

 

100% of BHSI(19)

 

Genco Champion

 

2006

 

Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

100% of BHSI

 

Genco Ocean

 

2010

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

June 2013

 

$8,500-$13,500 with 50% profit sharing(20)

 

Genco Bay

 

2010

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

March 2013

 

$8,500-$13,500 with 50% profit sharing(20)

 

Genco Avra

 

2011

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

March 2014

 

$8,500-$13,500 with 50% profit sharing(20)

 

Genco Mare

 

2011

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

May 2015

 

115% of BHSI

 

Genco Spirit

 

2011

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

September 2014

 

$8,500-$13,500 with 50% profit sharing(20)

 

 

8



 


(1) The charter expiration dates presented represent the earliest dates that our charters may be terminated in the ordinary course.  Under the terms of each contract, the charterer is entitled to extend the time charter from two to four months in order to complete the vessel’s final voyage plus any time the vessel has been off-hire.

 

(2) Time charter rates presented are the gross daily charterhire rates before third-party commissions generally ranging from 1.25% to 6.25%. In a time charter, the charterer is responsible for voyage expenses such as bunkers, port expenses, agents’ fees and canal dues.

 

(3) We have reached an agreement with Swissmarine Services S.A. on a spot market-related time charter for 10.5 to 13.5 months based on 98.5% of the Baltic Capesize Index (BCI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Capesize FFA values at 98.5%.  The vessel delivered to charterers on December 7, 2012.

 

(4) We have agreed to an extension with Swissmarine Services S.A. on a spot market-related time charter for 11 to 13.5 months based on 98.5% of the BCI, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Capesize FFA values at 98.5%.  The extension began on January 18, 2013.

 

(5) We have agreed to an extension with Swissmarine Services S.A. on a spot market-related time charter for 11 to 13.5 months based on 98.5% of the BCI, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Capesize FFA values at 98.5%.  The extension began on February 12, 2013.

 

(6) We have agreed to an extension with Swissmarine Services S.A. on a spot market-related time charter based on 98% of the Baltic Panamax Index (BPI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports, except for the initial 10 days in which hire is based on 98% of the rate for the Baltic Panamax P3A route.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are January 1, 2014 and April 1, 2014, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Panamax FFA values at 98%.  The extension is expected to begin on or about March 9, 2013.

 

(7) We have reached an agreement with TTMI Sarl on a spot market-related time charter for 10 to 15 months based on 100% of the BPI, as reflected in daily reports, except for the initial 40 days in which hire is based on 100% of the rate for the Baltic Panamax P3A route.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Panamax FFA values at 100%.  The vessel’s previous time charter ended on January 23, 2013 and delivered to the new charterers on February 5, 2013 after repositioning.

 

(8) We have agreed to an extension with D’Amico Dry Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter based on 101% of the Baltic Supramax Index (BSI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are October 7, 2014 and January 7, 2015, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Supramax FFA values at 101%.  The extension is expected to begin on or about May 11, 2013.

 

(9) We have reached an agreement with West Line Shipping Co., Ltd. on a time charter for approximately 20 days at a rate of $7,000 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The vessel delivered to charterers on February 20, 2013 after repositioning.  The vessel’s previous time charter with Pacific World Shipping PTE Ltd. at a rate of $9,500 per day ended on February 14, 2013.

 

(10) We have reached an agreement with Thoresen Shipping Singapore PTE Ltd. on a time charter for 8 to 13 months at a rate of $8,000 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The vessel delivered to charterers on November 23, 2012.

 

(11) We have reached an agreement with D’Amico Dry Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter based on 100% of the BSI, as reflected in daily reports, except for the initial 35 days in which the hire rate will be based on the average of the Baltic Supramax S2 and S3 routes.  Hire will be paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are January 5, 2015 and March 5, 2015, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Supramax FFA values at 100%.  The vessel is expected to deliver to charterers on or about March 2, 2013.

 

9



 

(12) We have reached an agreement with Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd. on a time charter for 3 to 5.5 months at a rate of $8,500 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The vessel delivered to charterers on December 9, 2012 after being previously fixed with Oceanwide Services GMBH on a time charter at a rate of $8,100 per day beginning on November 15, 2012.

 

(13) We have reached an agreement with Pioneer Navigation Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter based on 101% of the BSI, as reflected in daily reports, except for the initial 38 days in which the hire rate will be $5,000 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are December 1, 2014 and February 15, 2015, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Supramax FFA values at 101%.  The vessel delivered to charterers on February 20, 2013.

 

(14) We have reached an agreement with Pioneer Navigation Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter based on 101% of the BSI, as reflected in daily reports, except for the initial 30 days in which the hire rate will be $5,500 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are March 1, 2014 and June 1, 2014, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Supramax FFA values at 101%.  The vessel delivered to charterers on January 1, 2013.

 

(15) We have reached an agreement with ED & F MAN Shipping Ltd. on a time charter for 3.5 to 7 months at a rate of $7,000 per day less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance.  The vessel delivered to charters on February 22, 2013 after repositioning.  The vessel’s previous time charter with Jaldhi Overseas PTE Ltd. at a rate of $4,000 per day ended on February 17, 2013.

 

(16) We have reached an agreement with JIT International Co., Ltd. on a time charter for 4 to 6.5 months at a rate of $7,900 per day less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance.  The vessel delivered to charterers on December 6, 2012.

 

(17) We have reached an agreement to enter these vessels into the LB/IVS Pool whereby Lauritzen Bulkers A/S acts as the pool manager. We can withdraw up to two vessels with three months’ notice and the remaining three vessels with 12 months’ notice.

 

(18) We have reached an agreement with Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter based on 100% of the Baltic Handysize Index (BHSI), as published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  The minimum and maximum expiration dates of the time charter are February 15, 2015 and May 15, 2015, respectively.  Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Handysize FFA values at 100%.  The vessel delivered to charterers on January 31, 2013.

 

(19) We have reached an agreement with Pacific Basin Chartering Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter for 23 to 27 months based on 100% of the BHSI, as reflected in daily reports. Hire will be paid every 15 days in arrears less a 5.00% third party brokerage commission. Genco maintains the option to convert to a fixed rate based on Handysize FFA values at 100%.  The vessel is currently in drydock for scheduled repairs and is expected to deliver to charterers on or about March 11, 2013.

 

(20) The rate for the spot market-related time charter is linked with a floor of $8,500 and a ceiling of $13,500 daily with a 50% profit sharing arrangement to apply to any amount above the ceiling. The rate is based on 115% of the average of the daily rates of the BHSI, as reflected in daily reports. Hire is paid every 15 days in advance net of a 5.00% third party brokerage commission.  These vessels were acquired with existing time charters with below-market rates. For these below-market time charters, Genco allocates the purchase price between the respective vessels and an intangible liability for the value assigned to the below-market charter-hire. This intangible liability is amortized as an increase to voyage revenues over the minimum remaining terms of the applicable charters, at which point the respective liabilities will be amortized to zero and the vessels will begin earning the ‘‘Cash Daily Rate.’’ For cash flow purposes, Genco will continue to receive the rate presented in the ‘‘Cash Daily Rate’’ column until the charter expires.  Specifically, for the Genco Spirit, Genco Avra, Genco Ocean and Genco Bay, the daily amount of amortization associated with the below-market rates are approximately $200, $350, $700 and $750 per day over the actual cash rate earned, respectively.

 

Baltic Trading Limited

 

Vessel

 

Year
Built

 

Charterer

 

Charter
Expiration(1)

 

Employment
Structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baltic Bear

 

2010

 

Swissmarine Services S.A.

 

May 2013

 

101.5% of BCI (2)

 

Baltic Wolf

 

2010

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

May 2014

 

100% of BCI (3)

 

 

10



 

Supramax Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baltic Leopard

 

2009

 

Resource Marine PTE Ltd. (part of the Macquarie group of companies)

 

February 2014

 

95% of BSI (4)

 

Baltic Panther

 

2009

 

Klaveness Chartering

 

April 2013

 

95% of BSI (5)

 

Baltic Jaguar

 

2009

 

Resource Marine PTE Ltd. (part of the Macquarie group of companies)

 

April 2014

 

95% of BSI (6)

 

Baltic Cougar

 

2009

 

Pacific World Shipping PTE Ltd.

 

March 2013

 

$7,500(7)

 

Handysize Vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baltic Wind

 

2009

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

May 2013

 

115% of BHSI (8)

 

Baltic Cove

 

2010

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

February 2014

 

115% of BHSI (8)

 

Baltic Breeze

 

2010

 

Cargill International S.A.

 

July 2014

 

115% of BHSI (8)

 

 


(1)          The charter expiration dates presented represent the earliest dates that our charters may be terminated in the ordinary course.  Under the terms of each contract, the charterer is entitled to extend the time charters from two to four months in order to complete the vessel’s final voyage plus any time the vessel has been off-hire.

 

(2)          We have agreed to an extension with Swissmarine Services S.A. on a spot market-related time charter at a rate based on 101.5% of the average of the daily rates of the Baltic Capesize Index (BCI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports. Hire is paid in arrears net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.  The duration of the extension is 10.5 to 13.5 months.

 

(3)         We have agreed to an extension with Cargill International S.A. on a spot market-related time charter based on 100% of the average of the daily rates of the BCI, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears net of a 5.00% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.  The duration of the spot market-related time charter is 21.5 to 26.5 months.

 

(4)          We have reached an agreement with Resource Marine PTE Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter for a minimum of 18.5 months to a maximum end date of May 30, 2014 based on 95% of the average of the daily rates of the Baltic Supramax Index (BSI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.

 

(5)          We have reached an agreement with Klaveness Chartering on a spot market-related time charter based on 95% of the average of the daily rates of the BSI, as reflected in daily reports.  The duration is 22.5 to 25.5 months with hire paid every 15 days in arrears net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.

 

(6)          We have reached an agreement with Resource Marine PTE Ltd. on a spot market-related time charter for a minimum of 20.5 months to a maximum end date of July 11, 2014 based on 95% of the average of the daily rates of the BSI, as reflected in daily reports.  Hire is paid every 15 days in arrears net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.

 

(7)          We have reached an agreement with Pacific World Shipping PTE Ltd. on a time charter for approximately 20 days at a rate of $7,500 per day.  Hire is paid every 15 days in advance net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T.  The vessel delivered to charters on February 18, 2013 after repositioning.  The vessel was previously fixed with Bulk Marine Ltd. on a time charter at a rate of $9,250 per day which ended on February 12, 2013.

 

(8)          The rate for each of these spot market-related time charters is based on 115% of the average of the daily rates of the Baltic Handysize Index (BHSI), published by the Baltic Exchange, as reflected in daily reports. Hire is paid every 15 days in advance net of a 6.25% brokerage commission, which includes the 1.25% commission payable to GS&T

 

CLASSIFICATION AND INSPECTION

 

All of our vessels have been certified as being “in class” by the American Bureau of Shipping (“ABS”), Det Norske Veritas (“DNV”) or Lloyd’s Register of Shipping (“Lloyd’s”).  Each of these classification societies is a member of the International Association of Classification Societies.  Every commercial vessel’s hull and machinery is evaluated by a classification society authorized by its country of registry.  The classification society certifies that the vessel has been built and maintained in accordance with the rules of the classification society and complies with applicable rules and regulations of the vessel’s country of registry and the

 

11



 

international conventions of which that country is a member.  Each vessel is inspected by a surveyor of the classification society in three surveys of varying frequency and thoroughness: every year for the annual survey, every two to three years for the intermediate survey and every four to five years for special surveys.  Special surveys always require drydocking.  Vessels that are 15 years old or older are required, as part of the intermediate survey process, to be drydocked every 24 to 30 months for inspection of the underwater portions of the vessel and for necessary repairs stemming from the inspection.

 

In addition to the classification inspections, many of our customers regularly inspect our vessels as a precondition to chartering them for voyages.  We believe that our well-maintained, high-quality vessels provide us with a competitive advantage in the current environment of increasing regulation and customer emphasis on quality.

 

We have implemented the International Safety Management Code, which was promulgated by the International Maritime Organization, or IMO (the United Nations agency for maritime safety and the prevention of marine pollution by ships), to establish pollution prevention requirements applicable to vessels.  We obtained documents of compliance for our offices and safety management certificates for all of our vessels, which are required by the IMO.

 

CREWING AND EMPLOYEES

 

Each of our vessels is crewed with 21 to 24 officers and seamen.  Our technical managers are responsible for locating and retaining qualified officers for our vessels.  The crewing agencies handle each seaman’s training, travel and payroll, and ensure that all the seamen on our vessels have the qualifications and licenses required to comply with international regulations and shipping conventions.  We typically man our vessels with more crew members than are required by the country of the vessel’s flag in order to allow for the performance of routine maintenance duties.

 

As of March 1, 2013, we employed 35 shore-based personnel and approximately 1,400 seagoing personnel on our vessels, including Baltic Trading.

 

CUSTOMERS

 

Our assessment of a charterer’s financial condition and reliability is an important factor in negotiating employment for our vessels.  We generally charter our vessels to major trading houses (including commodities traders), major producers and government-owned entities rather than to more speculative or undercapitalized entities.  Our customers include national, regional and international companies, such as Lauritzen Bulkers, Cargill, Pacbasin, Trafigura, Klaveness and Swissmarine. For the year ended December 31, 2012, one of our charterers, Cargill, accounted for more than 10% of our voyage revenue, or 31.3%, in the aggregate.

 

COMPETITION

 

Our business fluctuates in line with the main patterns of trade of the major drybulk cargoes and varies according to changes in the supply and demand for these items.  We operate in markets that are highly competitive and based primarily on supply and demand.  We compete for charters on the basis of price, vessel location and size, age and condition of the vessel, as well as on our reputation as an owner and operator.  We compete with other owners of drybulk carriers in the Capesize, Panamax, Supramax, Handymax and Handysize class sectors, some of whom may also charter our vessels as customers.  Ownership of drybulk carriers is highly fragmented and is divided among approximately 1,670 independent drybulk carrier owners.

 

PERMITS AND AUTHORIZATIONS

 

We are required by various governmental and quasi-governmental agencies to obtain certain permits, licenses, certificates and other authorizations with respect to our vessels.  The kinds of permits, licenses, certificates and other authorizations required for each vessel depend upon several factors, including the commodity transported, the waters in which the vessel operates, the nationality of the vessel’s crew and the age of the vessel.  We believe that we have all material permits, licenses, certificates and other authorizations necessary for the conduct of our operations.  However, additional laws and regulations, environmental or otherwise, may be adopted which could limit our ability to do business or increase the cost of our doing business.

 

INSURANCE

 

General

 

The operation of any drybulk vessel includes risks such as mechanical failure, collision, property loss, cargo loss or damage and business interruption due to political circumstances in foreign countries, piracy, hostilities and labor strikes.  In addition, there is always an inherent possibility of marine disaster, including oil spills and other environmental mishaps, and the liabilities arising from owning and operating vessels in international trade.  The U.S. Oil Pollution Act of 1990, or OPA, which imposes virtually unlimited liability upon owners, operators and demise charterers of vessels trading in the U.S.-exclusive economic zone for certain oil pollution accidents in the United States, has made liability insurance more expensive for ship owners and operators trading in the U.S. market.

 

12



 

While we maintain hull and machinery insurance, war risks insurance, protection and indemnity cover, and freight, demurrage and defense cover and loss of hire insurance for our fleet in amounts that we believe to be prudent to cover normal risks in our operations, we may not be able to achieve or maintain this level of coverage throughout a vessel’s useful life.  Furthermore, while we believe that our present insurance coverage is adequate, not all risks can be insured, and there can be no guarantee that any specific claim will be paid, or that we will always be able to obtain adequate insurance coverage at reasonable rates.

 

Hull and Machinery, War Risks, Kidnap and Ransom Insurance

 

We maintain marine hull and machinery, war risks and kidnap and ransom insurance which cover the risk of actual or constructive total loss, for all of our vessels.  Our vessels are each covered up to at least fair market value with deductibles, which depend primarily on the class of the insured vessel and are subject to change.  We are covered, subject to limitations in our policy, to have the crew released in the case of kidnapping due to piracy in the Gulf of Aden / Somalia.

 

Protection and Indemnity Insurance

 

Protection and indemnity insurance is provided by mutual protection and indemnity associations, or P&I Associations, which insure our third-party liabilities in connection with our shipping activities.  This includes third-party liability and other related expenses resulting from the injury or death of crew, passengers and other third parties, the loss or damage to cargo, claims arising from collisions with other vessels, damage to other third-party property, pollution arising from oil or other substances and salvage, towing and other related costs, including wreck removal.  Protection and indemnity insurance is a form of mutual indemnity insurance, extended by protection and indemnity mutual associations, or “clubs.” Subject to the “capping” discussed below, our coverage, except for pollution, is unlimited.

 

We maintain protection and indemnity insurance coverage for pollution of $1 billion per vessel per incident.  The 13 P&I Associations that comprise the International Group insure approximately 90% of the world’s commercial tonnage and have entered into a pooling agreement to reinsure each association’s liabilities.  We are a member of  P&I Associations, which are members of the International Group. As a result, we are subject to calls payable to the associations based on the group’s claim records as well as the claim records of all other members of the individual associations and members of the pool of P&I Associations comprising the International Group.

 

Loss of Hire Insurance

 

We maintain loss of hire insurance, which covers business interruptions and related losses that result from the loss of use of a vessel.  Our loss of hire insurance has a 14-day deductible and provides claim coverage for up to 90 days.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL AND OTHER REGULATION

 

Government regulation significantly affects the ownership and operation of our vessels.  We are subject to international conventions and treaties, national, state and local laws and regulations in force in the countries in which our vessels may operate or are registered relating to safety and health and environmental protection including the storage, handling, emission, transportation and discharge of hazardous and non-hazardous materials, and the remediation of contamination and liability for damage to natural resources.  Compliance with such laws, regulations and other requirements entails significant expense, including vessel modifications and implementation of certain operating procedures.

 

A variety of governmental and private entities subject our vessels to both scheduled and unscheduled inspections.  These entities include the local port authorities, (applicable national authorities such as the U.S. Coast Guard and harbor masters), classification societies, flag state administrations (countries of registry) and charterers.  Some of these entities require us to obtain permits, licenses, certificates and other authorizations for the operation of our vessels.  Our failure to maintain necessary permits, licenses, certificates or authorizations could require us to incur substantial costs or temporarily suspend the operation of one or more of our vessels.

 

In recent periods, heightened levels of environmental and operational safety concerns among insurance underwriters, regulators and charterers have led to greater inspection and safety requirements on all vessels and may accelerate the scrapping of older vessels throughout the drybulk shipping industry.  Increasing environmental concerns have created a demand for vessels that conform to the stricter environmental standards.  We believe that the operation of our vessels is in substantial compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations and that our vessels have all material permits, licenses, certificates or other authorizations necessary for the conduct of our operations.  However, because such laws and regulations are frequently changed and may impose increasingly stricter requirements, we cannot predict the ultimate cost of complying with these requirements, or the impact of these requirements on the resale value or useful lives of our vessels.  In addition, a future serious marine incident, such as one comparable to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, that results in significant oil pollution or otherwise causes significant adverse environmental impact could result in additional legislation or regulation that could negatively affect our profitability.

 

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International Maritime Organization (IMO)

 

The United Nations International Maritime Organization (the “IMO”) has adopted the International Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (collectively referred to as MARPOL 73/78 and herein as “MARPOL”).  MARPOL entered into force on October 2, 1983. It has been adopted by over 150 nations, including many of the jurisdictions in which our vessels operate. MARPOL is broken into six Annexes, each of which regulates a different source of pollution. Annex I relates to oil leakage or spilling; Annexes II and III relate to harmful substances carried, in bulk, in liquid or packaged form, respectively; Annexes IV and V relate to sewage and garbage management, respectively; and Annex VI, lastly, relates to air emissions. Annex VI was separately adopted by the IMO in September of 1997.

 

Air Emissions

 

In September of 1997, the IMO adopted Annex VI to MARPOL to address air pollution.  Effective May 2005, Annex VI sets limits on nitrogen oxide emissions from ships whose diesel engines were constructed (or underwent major conversions) on or after January 1, 2000. It also prohibits “deliberate emissions” of “ozone depleting substances,” defined to include certain halons and chlorofluorocarbons.  “Deliberate emissions” are not limited to times when the ship is at sea; they can for example include discharges occuring in the course of the ships repair and maintenance.  Emissions of “volatile organic compounds” from certain tankers, and the shipboard incineration (from incinerators installed after January 1, 2000) of certain substances (such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)) are also prohibited.  Annex VI also includes a global cap on the sulfur content of fuel oil (see below).

 

The IMO’s Maritime Environment Protection Committee, or MEPC, adopted amendments to Annex VI on October 10, 2008, which entered into force on July 1, 2010.  The amended Annex VI seeks to further reduce air pollution by, among other things, implementing a progressive reduction of the amount of sulphur contained in any fuel oil used on board ships.  As of January 1, 2012, the amended Annex VI requires that fuel oil contain no more than 3.50% sulfur (from the previous cap of 4.50%). By January 1, 2020, sulfur content must not exceed 0.50%, subject to a feasibility review to be completed no later than 2018.

 

Sulfur content standards are even stricter within certain “Emission Control Areas” (“ECAs”). As of July 1, 2010, ships operating within an ECA were not permitted to use fuel with sulfur content in excess of 1.0% (from 1.50%), which will be further reduced to 0.10% on January 1, 2015. Amended Annex VI establishes procedures for designating new ECAs. Currently, the Baltic Sea and the North Sea have been so designated. Effective August 1, 2012, certain coastal areas of North America were designated ECAs, as will the applicable areas of the United States Caribbean Sea, effective January 1, 2014. If other ECAs are approved by the IMO or other new or more stringent requirements relating to emissions from marine diesel engines or port operations by vessels are adopted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) or the states where we operate, compliance with these regulations could entail significant capital expenditures or otherwise increase the costs of our operations.

 

As of January 1, 2013, MARPOL made mandatory certain measures relating to energy efficiency for ships. All new ships are required to utilize the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) and all ships must use a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP).  Our fleet is already compliant with this requirement.

 

Amended Annex VI also establishes new tiers of stringent nitrogen oxide emissions standards for new marine engines, depending on their date of installation. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency promulgated equivalent (and in some senses stricter) emissions standards in late 2009.

 

Safety Management System Requirements

 

The IMO also adopted the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, or SOLAS and the International Convention on Load Lines, or the LL Convention, which impose a variety of standards that regulate the design and operational features of ships.  The IMO periodically revises the SOLAS Convention and LL Convention standards.  The Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (LLMC) was recently amended, and the amendments are expected to go into effect on June 8, 2015. The amendments alter the limits of liability for loss of life or personal injury and property claims against ship owners.

 

Under Chapter IX of SOLAS, the International Safety Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention, or ISM Code, our operations are also subject to environmental standards and requirements.  The ISM Code requires the owner of a vessel, or any person who has taken responsibility for operation of a vessel, to develop an extensive safety management system that includes, among other things, the adoption of a safety and environmental protection policy setting forth instructions and procedures for operating its vessels safely and describing procedures for responding to emergencies.  We rely upon the safety management system that we and our technical manager have developed for compliance with the ISM Code.  The failure of a ship owner or bareboat charterer to comply with the ISM Code may subject such party to increased liability, may decrease available insurance coverage for the affected vessels and may result in a denial of access to, or detention in, certain ports.

 

The ISM Code requires that vessel operators also obtain a safety management certificate for each vessel they operate.  This certificate evidences compliance by a vessel’s management with code requirements for a safety management system.  No vessel can

 

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obtain a certificate unless its manager has been awarded a document of compliance, issued by each flag state, under the ISM Code.  We believe that we have all material requisite documents of compliance for our offices and safety management certificates for all of our vessels for which such certificates are required by the IMO.  We renew these documents of compliance and safety management certificates as required.

 

Pollution Control and Liability Requirements

 

The IMO has negotiated international conventions that impose liability for pollution in international waters and the territorial waters of the nations signatory to such conventions.  For example, IMO adopted an International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, or the BWM Convention, in February 2004.  The BWM Convention’s implementing regulations call for a phased introduction of mandatory ballast water exchange requirements, to be replaced in time with mandatory concentration limits.  The BWM Convention will not become effective until 12 months after it has been adopted by 30 states, the combined merchant fleets of which represent not less than 35% of the gross tonnage of the world’s merchant shipping.  To date, there has not been sufficient adoption of this standard for it to take force.  However, Panama may adopt this standard in the relatively near future, which would be sufficient for it to take force. Upon entry into force of the BWM Convention, mid-ocean ballast exchange would be mandatory for our vessels, and our vessels would be required to be equipped with ballast water treatment systems that meet mandatory concentration limits, in each case not later than the first intermediate or renewal survey, whichever occurs first, after the anniversary date of delivery of the vessel in 2016.  If mid-ocean ballast exchange is made mandatory, or if ballast water treatment requirements or options are instituted, the cost of compliance could increase for ocean carriers, and the costs of ballast water treatment may be material.

 

The IMO adopted the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, or the Bunker Convention, to impose strict liability on ship owners for pollution damage in jurisdictional waters of ratifying states caused by discharges of bunker fuel. The Bunker Convention requires registered owners of ships over 1,000 gross tons to maintain insurance for pollution damage in an amount equal to the limits of liability under the applicable national or international limitation regime (but not exceeding the amount calculated in accordance with the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims of 1976, as amended). With respect to non-ratifying states, liability for spills or releases of oil carried as fuel in ship’s bunkers typically is determined by the national or other domestic laws in the jurisdiction where the events or damages occur.

 

Noncompliance with the ISM Code or other IMO regulations may subject the vessel owner or bareboat charterer to increased liability, lead to decreases in available insurance coverage for affected vessels or result in the denial of access to, or detention in, some ports.  The U.S. Coast Guard and European Union authorities have indicated that vessels not in compliance with the ISM Code by the applicable deadlines will be prohibited from trading in U.S. and European Union ports, respectively.  As of the date of this report, each of our vessels is ISM Code certified.  However, there can be no assurance that such certificates will be maintained in the future.

 

Anti-Fouling Requirements

 

In 2001, the IMO adopted the International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships, or the Anti-fouling Convention.  The Anti-fouling Convention prohibits the use of organotin compound coatings to prevent the attachment of mollusks and other sea life to the hulls of vessels after September 1, 2003.  The exteriors of vessels constructed prior to January 1, 2003 that have not been in drydock must, as of September 17, 2008, either not contain the prohibited compounds or have coatings applied to the vessel exterior that act as a barrier to the leaching of the prohibited compounds.  Vessels of over 400 gross tons engaged in international voyages must obtain an International Anti-fouling System Certificate and undergo a survey before the vessel is put into service or when the anti-fouling systems are altered or replaced. We have obtained Anti-fouling System Certificates for all of our vessels that are subject to the Anti-fouling Convention.

 

The IMO continues to review and introduce new regulations.  For example, in July 2011, MARPOL adopted amendments for the prevention of air pollution, which designate certain waters near the coasts of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands ECAs for emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and particulate matter. The new ECA designation will enter into force on January 1, 2014. It is impossible to predict what additional regulations, if any, may be passed by the IMO and what effect, if any, such regulations might have on our operations.

 

The U.S. Oil Pollution Act of 1990 and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

 

The U.S. Oil Pollution Act of 1990, or OPA, established an extensive regulatory and liability regime for the protection and cleanup of the environment from oil spills.  OPA affects all “owners and operators” whose vessels trade in the United States, its territories and possessions or whose vessels operate in U.S. waters, which includes the U.S. territorial sea and its 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone.  The United States has also enacted the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, or CERCLA, which applies to the discharge of hazardous substances other than oil, whether on land or at sea.  OPA and CERCLA both define “owner or operator” in the case of a vessel as any person owning, operating or chartering by demise, the vessel. Accordingly, both OPA and CERCLA impact our operations.

 

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Under OPA, vessel owners and operators are “responsible parties” and are jointly, severally and strictly liable (unless the spill results solely from the act or omission of a third party, an act of God or an act of war) for all containment and clean-up costs and other damages arising from discharges or threatened discharges of oil from their vessels.  OPA defines these other damages broadly to include:

 

·                   injury to, destruction or loss of, or loss of use of, natural resources and related assessment costs;

 

·                   injury to, or economic losses resulting from, the destruction of real and personal property;

 

·                   net loss of taxes, royalties, rents, fees or net profit revenues resulting from injury, destruction or loss of real or personal property, or natural resources;

 

·                   loss of subsistence use of natural resources that are injured, destroyed or lost;

 

·                   lost profits or impairment of earning capacity due to injury, destruction or loss of real or personal property or natural resources; and

 

·                   net cost of increased or additional public services necessitated by removal activities following a discharge of oil, such as protection from fire, safety or health hazards, and loss of subsistence use of natural resources.

 

OPA contains statutory caps on liability and damages; such caps do not apply to direct cleanup costs.  Effective July 31, 2009, the U.S. Coast Guard adjusted the limits of OPA liability for non-tank vessels to the greater of $1,000 per gross ton or $854,400 (subject to periodic adjustment for inflation).  These limits of liability do not apply if an incident was proximately caused by the violation of an applicable U.S. federal safety, construction or operating regulation by a responsible party (or its agent, employee or a person acting pursuant to a contractual relationship), or a responsible party’s gross negligence or willful misconduct.  The limitation on liability similarly does not apply if the responsible party fails or refuses to (i) report the incident where the responsibility party knows or has reason to know of the incident; (ii) reasonably cooperate and assist as requested in connection with oil removal activities; or (iii) without sufficient cause, comply with an order issued under the Federal Water Pollution Act (Section 311 (c), (e)) or the Intervention on the High Seas Act.

 

CERCLA contains a similar liability regime whereby owners and operators of vessels are liable for cleanup, removal and remedial costs, as well as damage for injury to, or destruction or loss of, natural resources, including the reasonable costs associated with assessing same, and health assessments or health effects studies.  There is no liability if the discharge of a hazardous substance results solely from the act or omission of a third party, an act of God or an act of war.  Liability under CERCLA is limited to the greater of $300 per gross ton or $5 million for vessels carrying a hazardous substance as cargo and the greater of $300 per gross ton or $500,000 for any other vessel.  These limits do not apply (rendering the responsible person liable for the total cost of response and damages) if the release or threat of release of a hazardous substance resulted from willful misconduct or negligence, or the primary cause of the release was a violation of applicable safety, construction or operating standards or regulations.  The limitation on liability also does not apply if the responsible person fails or refused to provide all reasonable cooperation and assistance as requested in connection with response activities where the vessel is subject to OPA.

 

OPA and CERCLA both require owners and operators of vessels to establish and maintain with the U.S. Coast Guard evidence of financial responsibility sufficient to meet the maximum amount of liability to which the particular responsible person may be subject. Vessel owners and operators may satisfy their financial responsibility obligations by providing a proof of insurance, a surety bond, qualification as a self-insurer or a guarantee. We plan to comply with the U.S. Coast Guard’s financial responsibility regulations by providing a certificate of responsibility evidencing sufficient self-insurance.

 

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico may also result in additional regulatory initiatives or statutes, including the raising of liability caps under OPA.  For example, on August 15, 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) implemented a final drilling safety rule for offshore oil and gas operations that strengthens the requirements for safety equipment, well control systems, and blowout prevention practices.  Compliance with any new requirements of OPA may substantially impact our cost of operations or require us to incur additional expenses to comply with any new regulatory initiatives or statutes.  Additional legislation or regulations applicable to the operation of our vessels that may be implemented in the future could adversely affect our business.

 

While we do not carry oil as cargo, we do carry bunkers in our drybulk carriers.  We currently maintain pollution liability coverage insurance in the amount of $1 billion per incident for each of our vessels.  If the damages from a catastrophic spill were to exceed our insurance coverage, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations,  cash flows and ability to pay dividends.

 

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Other United States Environmental Regulations

 

The U.S. Clean Water Act, or CWA, prohibits the discharge of oil or hazardous substances in U.S. navigable waters unless authorized by a duly-issued permit or exemption, and imposes strict liability in the form of penalties for any unauthorized discharges.  The CWA also imposes substantial liability for the costs of removal, remediation and damages and complements the remedies available under OPA and CERCLA.  In addition, many U.S. states that border a navigable waterway have enacted environmental pollution laws that impose strict liability on a person for removal costs and damages resulting from a discharge of oil or a release of a hazardous substance. These laws may be more stringent than U.S. federal law.

 

The EPA regulates the discharge of ballast water and other substances in U.S. waters under the CWA.  EPA regulations require vessels 79 feet in length or longer (other than commercial fishing and recreational vessels) to comply with a Vessel General Permit authorizing ballast water discharges and other discharges incidental to the operation of vessels.  The Vessel General Permit imposes technology and water-quality based effluent limits for certain types of discharges and establishes specific inspection, monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting requirements to ensure the effluent limits are met. The EPA has proposed a draft 2013 Vessel General Permit to replace the current Vessel General Permit upon its expiration on December 19, 2013, authorizing discharges incidental to operations of commercial vessels. The draft permit also contains numeric ballast water discharge limits for most vessels to reduce the risk of invasive species in U.S. waters, more stringent requirements for exhaust gas scrubbers and the use of environmentally acceptable lubricants.  U.S. Coast Guard regulations adopted under the U.S. National Invasive Species Act, or NISA, also impose mandatory ballast water management practices for all vessels equipped with ballast water tanks entering or operating in U.S. waters. As of June 21, 2012, the Coast Guard implemented revised regulations on ballast water management standards by establishing standards on the allowable concentration of living organisms in ballast water discharged from ships in U.S. waters. The revised ballast water standards are consistent with those adopted by the IMO in 2004. Compliance with the EPA and the U.S. Coast Guard regulations could require the installation of equipment on our vessels to treat ballast water before it is discharged or the implementation of other port facility disposal arrangements or procedures at potentially substantial cost, and/or otherwise restrict our vessels from entering U.S. waters.

 

European Union Regulations

 

In October 2009, the European Union amended a directive to impose criminal sanctions for illicit ship-source discharges of polluting substances, including minor discharges, if committed with intent, recklessly or with serious negligence and the discharges individually or in the aggregate result in deterioration of the quality of water. Aiding and abetting the discharge of a polluting substance may also lead to criminal penalties. Member States were required to enact laws or regulations to comply with the directive by the end of 2010. Criminal liability for pollution may result in substantial penalties or fines and increased civil liability claims. The directive applies to all types of vessels, irrespective of their flag, but certain exceptions apply to warships or where human safety or that of the ship is in danger.

 

Greenhouse Gas Regulation

 

Currently, the emissions of greenhouse gases from international shipping are not subject to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which entered into force in 2005 and pursuant to which adopting countries have been required to implement national programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, in July 2011 the MEPC adopted two new sets of mandatory requirements to address greenhouse gas emissions from ships that entered into force in January 2013. Currently operating ships will be required to develop Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plans, and minimum energy efficiency levels per capacity mile will apply to new ships. These requirements could cause us to incur additional compliance costs. The IMO is also planning to implement market-based mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships at an upcoming MEPC session. The European Union has indicated that it intends to propose an expansion of the existing European Union emissions trading scheme to include emissions of greenhouse gases from marine vessels, and in January 2012 the European Commission launched a public consultation on possible measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships. In the United States, the EPA has issued a finding that greenhouse gases endanger the public health and safety and has adopted regulations to limit greenhouse gas emissions from certain mobile sources and large stationary sources. Although the mobile source emissions regulations do not apply to greenhouse gas emissions from vessels, such regulation of vessels is foreseeable, and the EPA has in recent years received petitions from the California Attorney General and various environmental groups seeking such regulation. Any passage of climate control legislation or other regulatory initiatives by the IMO, European Union, the U.S. or other countries where we operate, or any treaty adopted at the international level to succeed the Kyoto Protocol, that restrict emissions of greenhouse gases could require us to make significant financial expenditures which we cannot predict with certainty at this time.

 

International Labour Organization

 

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the UN with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The ILO has adopted the Maritime Labor Convention 2006 (MLC 2006). A Maritime Labor Certificate and a Declaration of Maritime Labor Compliance will be required to ensure compliance with the MLC 2006 for all ships above 500 gross tons in international trade. The MLC 2006 will enter into force one year after 30 countries with a minimum of 33% of the world’s tonnage have ratified it. On

 

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August 20, 2012, the required number of countries was met and MLC 2006 is expected to enter into force on August 20, 2013. The ratification of MLC 2006 will require us to develop new procedures to ensure full compliance with its requirements.

 

Vessel Security Regulations

 

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, there have been a variety of initiatives intended to enhance vessel security.  On November 25, 2002, the U.S. Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, or the MTSA, came into effect.  To implement certain portions of the MTSA, in July 2003, the U.S. Coast Guard issued regulations requiring the implementation of certain security requirements aboard vessels operating in waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The regulations also impose requirements on certain ports and facilities, some of which are regulated by the EPA.

 

Similarly, in December 2002, amendments to SOLAS created a new chapter of the convention dealing specifically with maritime security.  The new Chapter V became effective in July 2004 and imposes various detailed security obligations on vessels and port authorities, and mandates compliance with the International Ship and Port Facilities Security Code, or the ISPS Code.  The ISPS Code is designed to enhance the security of ports and ships against terrorism.  To trade internationally, a vessel must attain an International Ship Security Certificate, or ISSC, from a recognized security organization approved by the vessel’s flag state.  Among the various requirements are:

 

·                   on-board installation of automatic identification systems to provide a means for the automatic transmission of safety-related information from among similarly equipped ships and shore stations, including information on a ship’s identity, position, course, speed and navigational status;

·                   on-board installation of ship security alert systems, which do not sound on the vessel but only alert the authorities on shore;

·                   the development of vessel security plans;

·                   ship identification number to be permanently marked on a vessel’s hull;

·                   a continuous synopsis record kept onboard showing a vessel’s history including the name of the ship, the state whose flag the ship is entitled to fly, the date on which the ship was registered with that state, the ship’s identification number, the port at which the ship is registered and the name of the registered owner(s) and their registered address; and

·                   compliance with flag state security certification requirements.

 

A ship operating without a valid certificate may be detained at port until it obtains an ISSC, or may be expelled from port or refused entry at port.

 

The U.S. Coast Guard regulations, intended to align with international maritime security standards, exempt from MTSA vessel security measures non-U.S. vessels that have on board, as of July 1, 2004, a valid ISSC attesting to the vessel’s compliance with SOLAS security requirements and the ISPS Code.  We have implemented the various security measures addressed by the MTSA, SOLAS and the ISPS Code.

 

Inspection by Classification Societies

 

Every oceangoing vessel must be ‘‘classed’’ by a classification society.  The classification society certifies that the vessel is ‘‘in class,’’ signifying that the vessel has been built and maintained in accordance with the rules of the classification society and complies with applicable rules and regulations of the vessel’s country of registry and the international conventions of which that country is a member.  In addition, where surveys are required by international conventions and corresponding laws and ordinances of a flag state, the classification society will undertake them on application or by official order, acting on behalf of the authorities concerned.

 

The classification society also undertakes on request other surveys and checks that are required by regulations and requirements of the flag state.  These surveys are subject to agreements made in each individual case and/or to the regulations of the country concerned.

 

For maintenance of the class certification, regular and extraordinary surveys of hull, machinery, including the electrical plant, and any special equipment classes are required to be performed as follows:

 

·                   Annual Surveys :  For seagoing ships, annual surveys are conducted for the hull and the machinery, including the electrical plant, and where applicable for special equipment classed, within three months before or after each anniversary date of the date of commencement of the class period indicated in the certificate.

·                   Intermediate Surveys :  Extended annual surveys are referred to as intermediate surveys and typically are conducted two and one-half years after commissioning and each class renewal.  Intermediate surveys are to be carried out at or between the occasion of the second or third annual survey.

 

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·                   Class Renewal Surveys :  Class renewal surveys, also known as special surveys, are carried out for the ship’s hull, machinery, including the electrical plant, and for any special equipment classed, at the intervals indicated by the character of classification for the hull.  At the special survey, the vessel is thoroughly examined, including audio-gauging to determine the thickness of the steel structures.  Should the thickness be found to be less than class requirements, the classification society would prescribe steel renewals.  The classification society may grant a one-year grace period for completion of the special survey.  Substantial amounts of money may have to be spent for steel renewals to pass a special survey if the vessel experiences excessive wear and tear.  In lieu of the special survey every four or five years, depending on whether a grace period was granted, a vessel owner has the option of arranging with the classification society for the vessel’s hull or machinery to be on a continuous survey cycle, in which every part of the vessel would be surveyed within a five-year cycle.  Upon a vessel owner’s request, the surveys required for class renewal may be split according to an agreed schedule to extend over the entire period of class.  This process is referred to as continuous class renewal.

 

All areas subject to survey as defined by the classification society are required to be surveyed at least once per class period, unless shorter intervals between surveys are prescribed elsewhere.  The period between two subsequent surveys of each area must not exceed five years.

 

Most vessels are also drydocked every 30 to 36 months for inspection of the underwater parts and for repairs related to inspections.  If any defects are found, the classification surveyor will issue a ‘‘recommendation’’ which must be rectified by the vessel owner within prescribed time limits.

 

Most insurance underwriters make it a condition for insurance coverage that a vessel be certified as ‘‘in class’’ by a classification society which is a member of the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS).  IACS issued draft harmonized Common Structural Rules, which align with the IMO goal standards, for industry reviews in 2012, and it expects them to be adopted in winter 2013.  All of our vessels have been certified as being “in class” by ABS, DNV or Lloyd’s.  All new and secondhand vessels that we purchase must be certified prior to their delivery under our standard agreements.

 

SEASONALITY

 

We operate our vessels in markets that have historically exhibited seasonal variations in demand and, as a result, charter rates.  We seek to mitigate the risk of these seasonal variations by entering into long-term time charters for our vessels, where possible.  However, this seasonality may result in quarter-to-quarter volatility in our operating results, depending on when we enter into our time charters or if our vessels trade on the spot market.  The drybulk sector is typically stronger in the fall and winter months in anticipation of increased consumption of coal and raw materials in the northern hemisphere during the winter months.  As a result, our revenues could be weaker during the fiscal quarters ended June 30 and September 30, and conversely, our revenues could be stronger during the quarters ended December 31 and March 31.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

ADDITIONAL FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS

 

This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Such forward-looking statements use words such as “anticipate,” “budget,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with a discussion of potential future events, circumstances or future operating or financial performance.  These forward-looking statements are based on our management’s current expectations and observations.  Included among the factors that, in our view, could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K are the following: (i) declines in demand or rates in the drybulk shipping industry; (ii) prolonged weakness in drybulk shipping rates; (iii) changes in the supply of or demand for drybulk products, generally or in particular regions; (iv) changes in the supply of drybulk carriers including newbuilding of vessels or lower than anticipated scrapping of older vessels; (v) changes in rules and regulations applicable to the cargo industry, including, without limitation, legislation adopted by international organizations or by individual countries and actions taken by regulatory authorities; (vi) increases in costs and expenses including but not limited to: crew wages, insurance, provisions, lube oil, bunkers, repairs, maintenance and general, administrative and management fee expenses; (vii) whether our insurance arrangements are adequate; (viii) changes in general domestic and international political conditions; (ix) acts of war, terrorism, or piracy; (x) changes in the condition of our vessels or applicable maintenance or regulatory standards (which may affect, among other things, our anticipated drydocking or maintenance and repair costs) and unanticipated drydock expenditures; (xi) our acquisition or disposition of vessels (xii) the number of off-hire days needed to complete repairs on vessels and the timing and amount of any reimbursement by our insurance carriers for insurance claims including off-hire days; (xiii) the completion of definitive documentation with respect to time charters; (xiv) charterers’ compliance with the terms of their charters in the current market environment; (xv) those other risks and uncertainties discussed below under the heading “ RISK FACTORS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS & OPERATIONS ”, and (xvi) other factors listed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange

 

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Commission (the “SEC”).  We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

The following risk factors and other information included in this report should be carefully considered.  If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, operating results or cash flows could be materially and adversely affected and the trading price of our common stock could decline.

 

RISK FACTORS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND OPERATIONS

 

Industry Specific Risk Factors

 

The current global economic downturn may continue to negatively impact our business.

 

In the current global economy, operating businesses have been facing tight credit, weak demand for goods and services, deteriorating international liquidity conditions, and depressed markets.  Lower demand for drybulk cargoes as well as diminished trade credit available for the delivery of such cargoes have led to decreased demand for drybulk vessels, creating downward pressure on charter rates.  General market volatility has endured as a result of uncertainty about sovereign debt and fears of countries such as Greece, Portugal and Spain defaulting on their governments’ financial obligations and speculation about the growth rate of the Chinese economy.  If the current global economic environment persists or worsens, we may be negatively affected in the following ways:

 

·                   We may not be able to employ our vessels at charter rates as favorable to us as historical rates or operate our vessels profitably.

 

·                   Our earnings and cash flows could remain at depressed levels or decline, which may leave us with insufficient cash resources to make required amortization payments under our credit facilities or cause us to breach one or more of the covenants in our credit facilities, thereby potentially accelerating the repayment of outstanding facility borrowings and our outstanding convertible notes.  Please refer to “Our payment obligations and restrictive covenants under our credit facilities may be difficult to satisfy in the current market environment” below for further details.

 

·                   The market values of our vessels have decreased, which may cause us to recognize losses if any of our vessels are sold or if their values are impaired.  A further decline in the market value of our vessels could trigger defaults under our credit facilities’ covenants.  In particular, all of our credit facilities contain collateral maintenance covenants, although we obtained a waiver of this covenant in our 2007 Credit Facility in 2009.  Please refer to “The market values of our vessels may decrease, which could adversely affect our operating results or cause us to breach one or more of the covenants in our credit facilities” below for further details.

 

·                   Our charterers may fail to meet their obligations under our time charter agreements.

 

·                   The value of our investment in Jinhui could further decline, and we may recognize additional impairment losses if we were to sell our shares or if the value of our investment is impaired.

 

The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Charterhire rates for drybulk carriers are volatile and are currently at historically low levels and may further decrease in the future, which may adversely affect our earnings .

 

The prolonged downturn in the drybulk charter market, from which we derive the large majority of our revenues, has severely affected the drybulk shipping industry. The Baltic Dry Index (“BDI”), an index published by The Baltic Exchange of shipping rates for 26 key drybulk routes, showed relative weakness in 2012 and recorded an average level of 920, compared to a ten-year average level of 3,504.  The BDI decreased to a historic low in February 2012.  While the BDI has since increased, there can be no assurance that the drybulk charter market will increase further, and the market could decline.

 

The year to date in 2013 has exhibited seasonal issues like those of the corresponding period in 2012, with seasonal factors contributing to the most recent downturn in rates, including: order timing issues for iron ore cargoes related to the celebration of the Chinese New Year; temporary disruptions of cargo availability due to strikes in Columbian coal mines; increased deliveries of newbuilding vessels for the month of January as compared to the previous three months; and short-term weather-related issues, temporarily reducing iron ore output.  In addition to these factors, there have been  a number of adverse consequences for drybulk shipping, including, among other things:

 

·                   a significant reduction in available financing for vessels;

 

·                   a less active second-hand market for the sale of vessels;

 

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·                   extremely low charter rates, particularly for vessels employed in the spot market;

 

·                   widespread loan covenant defaults in the drybulk shipping industry; and

 

·                   declaration of bankruptcy by some operators and shipowners as well as charterers.

 

Approximately 85% of our vessels, excluding Baltic Trading, are currently traded at spot market rates through spot market-related time charters or a vessel pool.  For these vessels, we are exposed to changes in spot market. For the remaining vessels that are on fixed-rate time charters, we are exposed to changes in spot market rates for drybulk carriers at the time of entering into charterhire contracts and such changes may affect our earnings and the value of our drybulk carriers at any given time.  We cannot assure you that we will be able to successfully charter our vessels in the future or renew existing charters at rates sufficient to allow us to meet our obligations or to pay dividends to our shareholders.  The supply of and demand for shipping capacity strongly influences freight rates.  Because the factors affecting the supply and demand for vessels are outside of our control and are unpredictable, the nature, timing, direction and degree of changes in industry conditions are also unpredictable.

 

Factors that influence demand for vessel capacity include:

 

·                   demand for and production of drybulk products;

 

·                   global and regional economic and political conditions, including developments in international trade, fluctuations in industrial and agricultural production and armed conflicts;

 

·                   the distance drybulk cargo is to be moved by sea;

 

·                   environmental and other regulatory developments; and

 

·                   changes in seaborne and other transportation patterns.

 

The factors that influence the supply of vessel capacity include:

 

·                   the number of newbuilding deliveries;

 

·                   port and canal congestion;

 

·                   the scrapping rate of older vessels;

 

·                   vessel casualties; and

 

·                   the number of vessels that are out of service, i.e., laid-up, drydocked, awaiting repairs or otherwise not available for hire.

 

In addition to the prevailing and anticipated freight rates, factors that affect the rate of newbuilding, scrapping and laying-up include newbuilding prices, secondhand vessel values in relation to scrap prices, costs of bunkers and other operating costs, costs associated with classification society surveys, normal maintenance and insurance coverage, the efficiency and age profile of the existing fleet in the market and government and industry regulation of maritime transportation practices, particularly environmental protection laws and regulations.  These factors influencing the supply of and demand for shipping capacity are outside of our control, and we may not be able to correctly assess the nature, timing and degree of changes in industry conditions.

 

We anticipate that the future demand for our drybulk carriers will be dependent upon economic growth in the world’s economies, particularly China and India, seasonal and regional changes in demand, changes in the capacity of the global drybulk carrier fleet and the sources and supply of drybulk cargo to be transported by sea.  Adverse economic, political, social or other developments, including a change in worldwide fleet capacity, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

The current oversupply of drybulk carrier capacity may lead to further reductions in charterhire rates and profitability.

 

The market supply of drybulk carriers has been increasing as a result of the delivery of numerous newbuilding orders over the last few years.  Newbuildings have been delivered in significant numbers since the beginning of 2006.  The oversupply of drybulk carrier capacity has resulted in a reduction of charterhire rates, as evidenced by the low rates we experienced in 2012.  Currently, some of our spot market-related time charterers are at times unprofitable due the volatility associated with dry cargo freight rates.  If market conditions persist, upon the expiration or termination of our vessels’ current non-spot charters, we may only be able to re-charter our vessels at reduced or unprofitable rates, or we may not be able to charter these vessels at all.  The occurrence of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

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The market values of our vessels may decrease, which could adversely affect our operating results or cause us to breach one or more of the covenants in our credit facilities.

 

If the book value of one of our vessels is impaired due to unfavorable market conditions or a vessel is sold at a price below its book value, we would incur a loss that could adversely affect our financial results.  Also, if the market value of our fleet declines, we may not be in compliance with certain provisions of our credit facilities, and we may not be able to refinance our debt or obtain additional financing under our credit facilities or otherwise.  In January 2009, we obtained a waiver of the collateral maintenance requirement under our 2007 Credit Facility, subject to certain conditions as mentioned above. This requirement was waived pursuant to an amendment entered into on January 26, 2009 (the “2009 Amendment”) effective for the year ended December 31, 2008 and until we can represent that we are in compliance with all of our financial covenants and are otherwise able to pay a dividend and purchase or redeem shares of common stock under the terms of the 2007 Credit Facility in effect before the 2009 Amendment.  With the exception of the collateral maintenance financial covenant and the net debt to EBITDA covenant, compliance with which was waived by the lenders through December 31, 2013 under the August 2012 Agreements (defined below), we believe that we are in compliance with our covenants under the 2007 Credit Facility.  Without a waiver of the kind provided in the 2009 Amendment, a decrease in the fair market value of our vessels may cause us to breach one or more of the covenants in our 2007 Credit Facility, which could accelerate the repayment of outstanding borrowings under the facility.   We are also subject to collateral maintenance covenants in the $100 Million Term Loan Facility, $253 Million Term Loan Facility, and the 2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility.  A decrease in the fair market value of our vessels may cause us to breach one or more of the covenants in the $100 Million Term Loan Facility, the $253 Million Term Loan Facility, or the 2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility, which could accelerate the repayment of outstanding borrowings under our facilities.   We cannot assure you that we will satisfy all our debt covenants in the future or that our lenders will waive any future failure to satisfy these covenants.  The occurrence of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Prolonged declines in charter rates and other market deterioration could cause us to incur impairment charges.

 

We evaluate the carrying amounts of our vessels to determine if events have occurred that would require us to evaluate our vessels for an impairment of their carrying amounts. The recoverable amount of vessels is reviewed based on events and changes in circumstances that would indicate that the carrying amount of the assets might not be recovered. The review for potential impairment indicators and projection of future cash flows related to the vessels is complex and requires us to make various estimates including future freight rates and earnings from the vessels. All of these items have been historically volatile.

 

We evaluate the recoverable amount as the higher of fair value and value in use on an undiscounted cash basis. If the recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount of the vessel, the vessel is deemed impaired and such vessel would be written down to its fair value. The carrying values of our vessels may not represent their fair market value in the future because the new market prices of second-hand vessels tend to fluctuate with changes in charter rates and the cost of newbuildings. Any impairment charges incurred as a result of declines in charter rates could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

 

A further economic slowdown or changes in the economic and political environment in the Asia Pacific region could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations.

 

A significant number of the port calls made by our vessels involve the loading or discharging of raw materials and semi-finished products in ports in the Asia Pacific region.  As a result, a negative change in economic conditions in any Asia Pacific country, and particularly in China or Japan, could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  In particular, in recent years, China has been one of the world’s fastest growing economies in terms of gross domestic product.  China’s gross domestic product grew by 7.8% in 2012 as compared to a 9.2% growth rate in 2011. We cannot assure you that the Chinese economy will not experience a significant contraction in the future.  Although state-owned enterprises still account for a substantial portion of the Chinese industrial output, in general, the Chinese government is reducing the level of direct control that it exercises over the economy through state plans and other measures. There is an increasing level of freedom and autonomy in areas such as allocation of resources, production, pricing and management and a gradual shift in emphasis to a “market economy” and enterprise reform. Limited price reforms were undertaken with the result that prices for certain commodities are principally determined by market forces. Many of the reforms are unprecedented or experimental and may be subject to revision, change or abolition based upon the outcome of such experiments.  If the Chinese government does not continue to pursue a policy of economic reform, the level of imports to and exports from China could be adversely affected by changes to these economic reforms by the Chinese government, as well as by changes in political, economic and social conditions or other relevant policies of the Chinese government, such as changes in laws, regulations or export and import restrictions.  Notwithstanding economic reform, the Chinese government may adopt policies that favor domestic drybulk shipping companies and may hinder our ability to compete with them effectively.  Moreover, a significant or protracted slowdown in the economies of the United States, the European Union or various Asian countries may adversely affect economic growth in China and elsewhere.  Our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends will likely be materially and adversely affected by an economic downturn in any of these countries.

 

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We are subject to regulation and liability under environmental and operational safety laws that could require significant expenditures and affect our cash flows and net income and could subject us to increased liability under applicable law or regulation .

 

Our business and the operation of our vessels are materially affected by government regulation in the form of international conventions and national, state and local laws and regulations in force in the jurisdictions in which the vessels operate, as well as in the countries of their registration.  Because such conventions, laws, and regulations are often revised, we cannot predict the ultimate cost of complying with them or their impact on the resale prices or useful lives of our vessels.  Additional conventions, laws and regulations may be adopted that could limit our ability to do business or increase the cost of our doing business and that may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  See “Overview — Environmental and Other Regulation” in Item 1, “Business” of this report for a discussion of such conventions, laws, and regulations.  We are required by various governmental and quasi-governmental agencies to obtain certain permits, licenses, certificates and financial assurances with respect to our operations.

 

The operation of our vessels is affected by the requirements set forth in the United Nations’ International Maritime Organization’s International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and Pollution Prevention, or ISM Code.  The ISM Code requires ship owners, ship managers and bareboat charterers to develop and maintain an extensive “Safety Management System” that includes the adoption of a safety and environmental protection policy setting forth instructions and procedures for safe operation and describing procedures for dealing with emergencies.  The failure of a ship owner or bareboat charterer to comply with the ISM Code may subject it to increased liability, may invalidate existing insurance or decrease available insurance coverage for the affected vessels and may result in a denial of access to, or detention in, certain ports.

 

The IMO adopted the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, or the Bunker Convention, to impose strict liability on ship owners for pollution damage in jurisdictional waters of ratifying states caused by discharges of bunker fuel.  The Bunker Convention, which became effective on November 21, 2008, requires registered owners of ships over 1,000 gross tons to maintain insurance or other financial security for pollution damage in an amount equal to the limits of liability under the applicable national or international limitation regime (but not exceeding the amount calculated in accordance with the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims of 1976, as amended). With respect to non-ratifying states, liability for spills or releases of oil carried as fuel in ship’s bunkers typically is determined by the national or other domestic laws in the jurisdiction where the events or damages occur.

 

OPA established an extensive regulatory and liability regime for the protection and cleanup of the environment from oil spills.  OPA affects all owners and operators whose vessels trade in the United States, its territories and possessions or whose vessels operate in U.S. waters.  OPA allows for liability without regard to fault of vessel owners, operators and demise charterers for all containment and clean-up costs and other damages arising from discharges or threatened discharges of oil from their vessels, including bunkers, in U.S. waters.  Such liability is potentially unlimited in cases of willful misconduct or gross negligence.  OPA also expressly permits individual states to impose their own liability regimes with regard to hazardous materials and oil pollution materials occurring within their boundaries, provided they accept, at a minimum, the levels of liability established under OPA.

 

Increased inspection procedures and tighter import and export controls could increase costs and disrupt our business.

 

International shipping is subject to various security and customs inspection and related procedures in countries of origin and destination.  Inspection procedures can result in the seizure of the contents of our vessels, delays in the loading, offloading or delivery and the levying of customs duties, fines or other penalties against us.

 

It is possible that changes to inspection procedures could impose additional financial and legal obligations on us.  Furthermore, changes to inspection procedures could also impose additional costs and obligations on our customers and may, in certain cases, render the shipment of certain types of cargo uneconomical or impractical.  Any such changes or developments may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We operate our vessels worldwide and as a result, our vessels are exposed to international risks which could reduce revenue or increase expenses.

 

The international shipping industry is an inherently risky business involving global operations.  Our vessels will be at risk of damage or loss because of events such as mechanical failure, collision, human error, war, terrorism, piracy, cargo loss and bad weather.  All these hazards can result in death or injury to persons, increased costs, loss of revenues, loss or damage to property (including cargo), environmental damage, higher insurance rates, damage to our customer relationships, harm to our reputation as a safe and reliable operator and delay or rerouting.  In addition, changing economic, regulatory and political conditions in some countries, including political and military conflicts, have from time to time resulted in attacks on vessels, mining of waterways, piracy, terrorism, labor strikes and boycotts.  Our vessels may operate in particularly dangerous areas, including areas of the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Aden, the South China Sea and the Red Sea.  These sorts of events could interfere with shipping routes and result in market disruptions which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

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Our vessels may suffer damage, and we may face unexpected dry docking costs, which could adversely affect our cash flow and financial condition.

 

If our vessels suffer damage, they may need to be repaired at a drydocking facility.  The costs of drydock repairs are unpredictable and can be substantial.  We may have to pay drydocking costs that our insurance does not cover in full.  In addition, space at drydocking facilities is sometimes limited and not all drydocking facilities are conveniently located.  We may be unable to find space at a suitable drydocking facility or we may be forced to travel to a drydocking facility that is distant from the relevant vessel’s position.  The loss of earnings while our vessels are being repaired and repositioned or from being forced to wait for space or to travel to more distant drydocking facilities, as well as the actual cost of repairs, could negatively impact our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

The operation of drybulk carriers has certain unique operational risks which could affect our earnings and cash flow .

 

The operation of certain ship types, such as drybulk carriers, has certain unique risks.  With a drybulk carrier, the cargo itself and its interaction with the vessel can be an operational risk.  By their nature, drybulk cargoes are often heavy, dense, easily shifted, and react badly to water exposure.  In addition, drybulk carriers are often subjected to battering treatment during unloading operations with grabs, jackhammers (to pry encrusted cargoes out of the hold) and small bulldozers.  This treatment may cause damage to the vessel.  Vessels damaged due to treatment during unloading procedures may be more susceptible to breach to the sea.  Hull breaches in drybulk carriers may lead to the flooding of the vessels’ holds.  If a drybulk carrier suffers flooding in its forward holds, the bulk cargo may become so dense and waterlogged that its pressure may buckle the vessel’s bulkheads, leading to the loss of a vessel.  If we are unable to adequately maintain our vessels, we may be unable to prevent these events.  Any of these circumstances or events may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  In addition, the loss of any of our vessels could harm our reputation as a safe and reliable vessel owner and operator.

 

Acts of piracy on ocean-going vessels have continued and could adversely affect our business.

 

Acts of piracy have historically affected ocean-going vessels trading in regions of the world such as the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean , the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.  Since 2008, the frequency of piracy incidents increased significantly, particularly in the Gulf of Aden off the coast of Somalia.  If these piracy attacks result in regions in which our vessels are deployed being characterized by insurers as “war risk” zones, or Joint War Committee (JWC) “war and strikes” listed areas, premiums payable for such coverage could increase significantly and such insurance coverage may be more difficult to obtain.  In addition, crew costs, including costs which may be incurred to the extent we employ onboard security guards, could increase in such circumstances.  We may not be adequately insured to cover losses from these incidents, which could have a material adverse effect on us.  In addition, detention hijacking as a result of an act of piracy against our vessels, or an increase in cost, or unavailability of insurance for our vessels, could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

In response to piracy incidents, particularly in the Gulf of Aden off the coast of Somalia, following consultation with regulatory authorities, we may station guards on some of our vessels in some instances. While our use of guards is intended to deter and prevent the hijacking of our vessels, it may also increase our risk of liability for death or injury to persons or damage to personal property. If we do not have adequate insurance in place to cover such liability, it could adversely impact our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition.

 

Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence or war may have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

Terrorist attacks such as those in New York on September 11, 2001, in London on July 7, 2005, and in Mumbai on November 26, 2008, as well as the threat of future terrorist attacks around the world, continue to cause uncertainty in the world’s financial markets and may affect our business, operating results and financial condition. Continuing conflicts and recent developments in the Middle East, including Egypt, and North Africa, and the presence of U.S. and other armed forces in the Middle East, may lead to additional acts of terrorism and armed conflict around the world, which may contribute to further economic instability in the global financial markets. These uncertainties could also adversely affect our ability to obtain additional financing on terms acceptable to us or at all. In the past, political conflicts have also resulted in attacks on vessels, mining of waterways and other efforts to disrupt international shipping, particularly in the Arabian Gulf region. Any of these occurrences could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operation, and financial condition.

 

Compliance with safety and other vessel requirements imposed by classification societies may be costly and could reduce our net cash flows and net income.

 

The hull and machinery of every commercial vessel must be certified as being “in class” by a classification society authorized by its country of registry.  The classification society certifies that a vessel is safe and seaworthy in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations of the country of registry of the vessel and the Safety of Life at Sea Convention.  Our vessels are currently enrolled with the ABS, DNV, or Lloyd’s, each of which is a member of the International Association of Classification Societies.

 

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Further, to trade internationally, a vessel must attain an International Ship Security Certificate, or ISSC, from a recognized security organization.

 

A vessel must undergo annual surveys, intermediate surveys and special surveys.  In lieu of a special survey, a vessel’s machinery may be placed on a continuous survey cycle, under which the machinery would be surveyed periodically over a five-year period.  Our vessels are on special survey cycles for hull inspection and continuous survey cycles for machinery inspection.  Every vessel is also required to be drydocked every two to three years for inspection of its underwater parts.

 

If any vessel does not maintain its class or fails any annual, intermediate or special survey, the vessel will be unable to trade between ports and will be unemployable and we could be in violation of certain covenants in our credit facilities, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We could be adversely affected by violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, UK Bribery Act, and other applicable worldwide anti-corruption laws.

 

The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and other applicable worldwide anti-corruption laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business.  These laws include the recently enacted U.K.  Bribery Act, which became effective on July 1, 2011 and which is broader in scope than the FCPA, as it contains no facilitating payments exception.  We charter our vessels into some jurisdictions that international corruption monitoring groups have identified as having high levels of corruption.  Our activities create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of our employees or agents that could be in violation of the FCPA or other applicable anti-corruption laws.  Our policies mandate compliance with applicable anti-corruption laws.  Although we have policies, procedures and internal controls in place to monitor internal and external compliance, we cannot assure that our policies and procedures will protect us from governmental investigations or inquiries surrounding actions of our employees or agents.  If we are found to be liable for violations of the FCPA or other applicable anti-corruption laws (either due to our own acts or our inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others), we could suffer from civil and criminal penalties or other sanctions.

 

We may be unable to attract and retain qualified, skilled employees or crew necessary to operate our business.

 

Our success depends in large part on our ability to attract and retain highly skilled and qualified personnel.  In crewing our vessels, we require technically skilled employees with specialized training who can perform physically demanding work.  Competition to attract and retain qualified crew members is intense.  If we are not able to increase our rates to compensate for any crew cost increases, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  Any inability we experience in the future to hire, train and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees could impair our ability to manage, maintain and grow our business, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Labor interruptions could disrupt our business.

 

Our vessels are manned by masters, officers and crews that are employed by third parties.  If not resolved in a timely and cost-effective manner, industrial action or other labor unrest could prevent or hinder our operations from being carried out normally and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

The smuggling of drugs or other contraband onto our vessels may lead to governmental claims against us.

 

We expect that our vessels will call in ports in South America and other areas where smugglers attempt to hide drugs and other contraband on vessels, with or without the knowledge of crew members.  To the extent our vessels are found with contraband, whether inside or attached to the hull of our vessel and whether with or without the knowledge of any of our crew, we may face governmental or other regulatory claims which could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Arrests of our vessels by maritime claimants could cause a significant loss of earnings for the related off-hire period.

 

Crew members, suppliers of goods and services to a vessel, shippers of cargo and other parties may be entitled to a maritime lien against a vessel for unsatisfied debts, claims or damages.  In many jurisdictions, a maritime lienholder may enforce its lien by “arresting” or “attaching” a vessel through foreclosure proceedings. The arrest or attachment of one or more of our vessels could result in a significant loss of earnings for the related off-hire period.  In addition, in jurisdictions where the “sister ship” theory of liability applies, a claimant may arrest the vessel which is subject to the claimant’s maritime lien and any “associated” vessel, which is any vessel owned or controlled by the same owner.  In countries with “sister ship” liability laws, claims might be asserted against us or any of our vessels for liabilities of other vessels that we own.

 

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Governments could requisition our vessels during a period of war or emergency, resulting in loss of earnings.

 

A government of a vessel’s registry could requisition for title or seize our vessels.  Requisition for title occurs when a government takes control of a vessel and becomes the owner.  A government could also requisition our vessels for hire.  Requisition for hire occurs when a government takes control of a vessel and effectively becomes the charterer at dictated charter rates.  Generally, requisitions occur during a period of war or emergency.  Government requisition of one or more of our vessels could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Increases in fuel prices could adversely affect our profits.

 

From time to time, we may operate our vessels on spot charters either directly or by placing them in pools with similar vessels.  Spot charter arrangements generally provide that the vessel owner or pool operator bear the cost of fuel in the form of bunkers, which is a significant vessel operating expense.  We currently have five vessels operating in vessel pools, and we may arrange for more vessels to do so, depending on market conditions.  Also, the cost of fuel may also be a factor in negotiating charter rates in the future.  As a result, an increase in the price of fuel beyond our expectations may adversely affect our profitability, cash flows and ability to pay dividends.  The price and supply of fuel is unpredictable and fluctuates as a result of events outside our control, including geo-political developments, supply and demand for oil and gas, actions by members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and other oil and gas producers, war and unrest in oil producing countries and regions, regional production patterns and environmental concerns and regulations.

 

Our results of operations are subject to seasonal fluctuations, which may adversely affect our financial condition.

 

We operate our vessels in markets that have historically exhibited seasonal variations in demand and, as a result, charter rates.  This seasonality may result in quarter-to-quarter volatility in our operating results, depending on when we enter into our time charters or if our vessels trade on the spot market.  The drybulk sector is typically stronger in the fall and winter months in anticipation of increased consumption of coal and raw materials in the northern hemisphere during the winter months.  As a result, our revenues could be weaker during the fiscal quarters ended June 30 and September 30, and conversely, our revenue could be stronger during the quarters ended December 31 and March 31.  This seasonality could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Company Specific Risk Factors

 

Our payment obligations and restrictive covenants under our credit facilities may be difficult to satisfy in the current market environment.

 

Given the current drybulk rate environment, we anticipate that we may be unable to make required payments under our credit facilities commencing March 31, 2014.  Moreover, if the current prolonged weakness in drybulk shipping rates does not abate, we may not be in compliance with the maximum leverage ratio and minimum permitted consolidated interest ratio covenants under our credit facilities once current waivers expire after December 31, 2013.  We also may not be in compliance with our minimum cash covenants at or after March 31, 2014, or earlier in the event of sustained weakness in the drybulk shipping sector.

 

Under the terms of amendments to our 2007 Credit Facility, our $253 Million Term Loan Facility, and our $100 Million Term Loan Facility entered into in August 2012 (the “August 2012 Agreements”), our next scheduled amortization payments are due in the first quarter of 2014 in the aggregate principal amount of $55.2 million.  Given our current cash reserves and current drybulk shipping rates, we believe we may be unable to meet our scheduled amortization payments as early as March 31, 2014.

 

In addition to our payment obligations, our credit facilities subject us to a number of restrictive covenants, including covenants governing our ratio of net debt to EBITDA, the minimum amount of cash and cash equivalents we maintain, our  ratio of EBITDA to interest expense, and our consolidated net worth.  Compliance with the  covenants governing our ratios of  net debt to EBITDA and EBITDA to interest expense are currently waived through December 31, 2013, but we may not be in compliance with these covenants when these waivers expire.  Our minimum cash covenants require us to maintain a minimum cash balance of $39.8 million as measured at each quarter end, excluding amounts held by Baltic Trading Limited. These covenants have not been waived, and it is possible that we may not be in compliance with these covenants at or after March 31, 2014, or earlier in the event of sustained weakness in the drybulk shipping sector.

 

We may seek further waivers or modifications to our credit agreements, which may be unavailable or subject to conditions.  We may also seek to refinance our indebtedness or raise additional capital through equity or debt offerings or selling assets (including vessels). We cannot be certain that we will accomplish any such actions. Absent such waivers or modifications, if we do not comply with our payment obligations or these covenants and fail to cure our non-compliance following applicable notice and expiration of applicable cure periods, we may be in default of one or more of our credit facilities. If such a default occurs, we may also be in default under the Indenture for our 2010 Notes. As a result, some or all of our indebtedness could be declared immediately due and payable, we may not be able to borrow further under our credit facilities and we may have to seek alternative sources of financing on terms that may not be favorable to us. If we are unable to service or refinance our current or future indebtedness, we may have to take actions such as reducing or delaying acquisitions or capital expenditures, selling assets, seeking additional debt or equity capital, or pursuing other restructuring options.  As a result, we may experience a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

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In addition, notwithstanding the waiver of certain covenants described above, for purposes of our financial statements in each future fiscal quarter, we must test our compliance with the original covenants at all quarterly measurement dates within a year before March 31, 2014 in accordance with GAAP. Under our credit facilities, March 31, 2014 is the first date following expiration of our waivers on which our compliance with the original covenants will be measured. If we would not have been in compliance with the original covenants absent the waivers received and it is probable we would not be in compliance at measurement dates within such year, our indebtedness under the relevant facility would be required to be reclassified as a current liability in such quarter. Any such reclassification would not affect our existing waivers, although there can be no assurance that we could obtain further waivers upon their expiration.

 

Our earnings will be adversely affected if we do not successfully employ our vessels.

 

As of March 1, 2013, approximately 85% of our vessels were in arrangements in which they were trading at spot market rates through spot market-related time charters or a vessel pool.  Forty of our vessels, excluding Baltic Trading’s vessels, were engaged under spot market-related time charter contracts that expire (assuming the option periods in the time charters are not exercised) between March 2013 and May 2015, and five of our vessels were trading in the spot charter market through participation in pool arrangements.  The remaining eight of the vessels in our fleet were engaged under time charters at fixed rates.  The drybulk market is volatile, and in the past charterhire rates for drybulk carriers have sometimes declined below operating costs of vessels.  Because we currently charter most of our vessels on spot market-related time charters,  we are exposed to the cyclicality and volatility of the spot charter market, and we do not have significant long-term, fixed-rate time charters to ameliorate the adverse effects of downturns in the spot market.  Capesize vessels, which we operate as part of our fleet, have been particularly susceptible to volatility in spot charter rates.

 

To the extent our vessels trade in the spot charter market, we may experience fluctuations in revenue, cash flow and net income.  The spot charter market is highly competitive, and spot market voyage charter rates may fluctuate dramatically based primarily on the worldwide supply of drybulk vessels available in the market and the worldwide demand for the transportation of drybulk cargoes.  We can provide no assurance that future charterhire rates will enable us to operate our vessels profitably.  In addition, our standard time charter contracts with our customers specify certain performance parameters, which if not met can result in customer claims.  Such claims may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We have incurred significant  indebtedness, which could affect our ability to finance our operations, pursue desirable business opportunities and successfully run our business in the future, and therefore make it more difficult for us to fulfill our obligations under our indebtedness.

 

As of December 31, 2012, we had approximately $1.6 billion of indebtedness outstanding and shareholders’ equity of approximately $1.3 billion. This substantial indebtedness and related interest expense could have important consequences to our company, including:

 

·                   limiting our ability to use a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations in other areas of our business, including for working capital, capital expenditures and other general business activities, because we must dedicate a substantial portion of these funds to service our debt;

 

·                   requiring us to seek to incur further indebtedness in order to make the capital expenditures and other expenses or investments planned by us to the extent our future cash flows are insufficient;

 

·                   limiting our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, debt service requirements, acquisitions and the execution of our growth strategy, and other expenses or investments planned by us;

 

·                   limiting our flexibility and our ability to capitalize on business opportunities and to react to competitive pressures and adverse changes in government regulation, our business and our industry;

 

·                   making it more difficult to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness (which could result in an event of default if we fail to comply with the requirements of our indebtedness);

 

·                   increasing our vulnerability to a downturn in our business and to adverse economic and industry conditions generally;

 

·                   placing us at a competitive disadvantage as compared to our competitors that are less leveraged;

 

·                   limiting our ability, or increasing the costs, to refinance indebtedness; and

 

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·                   limiting our ability to enter into hedging transactions by reducing the number of counterparties with whom we can enter into such transactions as well as the volume of those transactions.

 

Our ability to secure additional financing, if needed, may be substantially restricted by the existing level of our indebtedness and the restrictions contained in our credit facilities. The occurrence of any one of the events described above could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, prospects, and ability to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness.

 

Restrictive covenants under our credit facilities may restrict our growth and operations.

 

Our credit facilities impose operating and financial restrictions that may limit our ability to:

 

·                         incur additional indebtedness on satisfactory terms or at all;

 

·                         incur liens on our assets;

 

·                         sell our vessels or the capital stock of our subsidiaries;

 

·                         make investments;

 

·                         engage in mergers or acquisitions;

 

·                         pay dividends (following an event of default or our breach of a covenant) in the event we are able to resume dividend payments under the waiver of our collateral maintenance covenant which is currently in effect);

 

·                         make capital expenditures;

 

·                         compete effectively to the extent our competitors are subject to less onerous financial restrictions; and

 

·                         change the management of our vessels or terminate or materially amend the management agreement relating to any of our vessels.

 

Therefore, we may need to seek permission from our lenders in order to engage in some corporate actions. Our lenders’ interests may be different from ours, and we cannot guarantee that we will be able to obtain our lenders’ permission when needed. This may prevent us from taking actions that are in our best interest and from executing our business strategy of growth through acquisitions and may restrict or limit our ability to pay dividends and finance our future operations.

 

We depend upon ten charterers for a large part of our revenues.  The loss of one or more of these charterers could adversely affect our financial performance.

 

We have derived a significant part of our revenues from a small number of charterers.  For the year ended December 31, 2012, approximately 77% of our revenues were derived from 10 charterers, including charterers of Baltic Trading’s vessels.  Of that amount, approximately 31% of our revenues was derived from one charterer, Cargill.  If we were to lose any of these charterers, or if any of these charterers significantly reduced its use of our services or was unable to make charter payments to us, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

The aging of our fleet and our practice of purchasing and operating previously owned vessels may result in increased operating costs and vessels off-hire, which could adversely affect our earnings.

 

The majority of our drybulk carriers were previously owned by third parties.  We may seek additional growth through the acquisition of previously owned vessels.  While we typically inspect previously owned vessels before purchase, this does not provide us with the same knowledge about their condition that we would have had if these vessels had been built for and operated exclusively by us.  Accordingly, we may not discover defects or other problems with such vessels before purchase.  Any such hidden defects or problems, when detected, may be expensive to repair, and if not detected, may result in accidents or other incidents for which we may become liable to third parties.  Also, when purchasing previously owned vessels, we do not receive the benefit of any builder warranties if the vessels we buy are older than one year.

 

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In general, the costs to maintain a vessel in good operating condition increase with the age of the vessel.  The average age of the vessels in our current fleet, excluding Baltic Trading vessels, is approximately 7.8 years.  Older vessels are typically less fuel-efficient than more recently constructed vessels due to improvements in engine technology and cargo insurance rates increase with the age of a vessel, making older vessels less desirable to charterers.

 

Governmental regulations, safety and other equipment standards related to the age of vessels may require expenditures for alterations or the addition of new equipment to some of our vessels and may restrict the type of activities in which these vessels may engage.  We cannot assure you that, as our vessels age, market conditions will justify those expenditures or enable us to operate our vessels profitably during the remainder of their useful lives.  As a result, regulations and standards could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

An increase in operating costs could adversely affect our cash flow and financial condition.

 

Our vessel operating expenses include the costs of crewing and insurance, which we expect to increase in 2013 compared to 2012.  In addition, to the extent we enter the spot charter market, we need to include the cost of bunkers as part of our voyage expenses.  The price of bunker fuel may increase in the future.  If our vessels suffer damage, they may need to be repaired at a drydocking facility.  The costs of drydock repairs are unpredictable and can be substantial.  Increases in any of these costs c ould have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We depend to a significant degree upon third-party managers to provide the technical management of our fleet.  Any failure of these technical managers to perform their obligations to us could adversely affect our business.

 

We have contracted the technical management of our fleet, including crewing, maintenance and repair services, to third-party technical management companies.  The failure of these technical managers to perform their obligations could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

In the highly competitive international drybulk shipping industry, we may not be able to compete for charters with new entrants or established companies with greater resources.

 

We employ our vessels in a highly competitive market that is capital intensive and highly fragmented.  Competition arises primarily from other vessel owners, some of whom have substantially greater resources than we do.  Competition for the transportation of drybulk cargoes can be intense and depends on price, location, size, age, condition and the acceptability of the vessel and its managers to the charterers.  Due in part to the highly fragmented market, competitors with greater resources could enter and operate larger fleets through consolidations or acquisitions that may be able to offer better prices and fleets than we are able to offer.

 

We are currently prohibited from paying dividends or repurchasing our stock, and it is unlikely this prohibition will be lifted until market conditions improve.

 

As a condition to certain amendments to our 2007 Credit Facility, we agreed to suspend our cash dividends and share repurchases until we can satisfy the collateral maintenance requirement under this facility.  Until market conditions which have resulted in a decline in the value of drybulk vessels improve, it is unlikely that we will be able to meet that condition to reinstate our cash dividends and share repurchases.  In addition, under certain agreements we entered into to amend or waive portions of our $100 Million Term Loan Facility and our $253 Million Term Facility, we are prohibited from paying dividends while the waivers are in effect through December 31, 2012.

 

If we were able to reinstate the payment of cash dividends under our credit facilities, we would make dividend payments to our shareholders only if our Board of Directors, acting in its sole discretion, determines that such payments would be in our best interest and in compliance with relevant legal and contractual requirements.  The principal business factors that our Board of Directors would consider when determining the timing and amount of dividend payments would be our earnings, financial condition and cash requirements at the time.   Marshall Islands law generally prohibits the declaration and payment of dividends other than from surplus.  Marshall Islands law also prohibits the declaration and payment of dividends while a company is insolvent or would be rendered insolvent by the payment of such a dividend.

 

We may incur other expenses or liabilities that would reduce or eliminate the cash available for distribution as dividends.  We may also enter into new agreements or the Marshall Islands or another jurisdiction may adopt laws or regulations that place additional restrictions on our ability to pay dividends.  If we do not pay dividends, the return on your investment would be limited to the price at which you could sell your shares.

 

We may not be able to grow or effectively manage our growth, which could cause us to incur additional indebtedness and other liabilities and adversely affect our business.

 

We may seek growth by expanding our business.  Our future growth will depend on a number of factors, some of which we can control and some of which we cannot.  These factors include our ability to:

 

·                                           identify vessels for acquisition;

 

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·                                           consummate acquisitions or establish joint ventures;

 

·                                           integrate acquired vessels successfully with our existing operations;

 

·                                           expand our customer base; and

 

·                                           obtain required financing for our existing and new operations.

 

Currently, there is no availability under out existing credit facilities, excluding Baltic Trading’s credit facility.  Additionally, under our 2007 Credit Facility, we are subject to a quarterly cash sweep of amounts above $100 million as described in Note 9 — Long-Term Debt in our consolidated financial statements, which limits the amount of cash we can retain from equity or debt financings.  These limitations place significant restrictions on financing that we could use for our growth.

 

Growing any business by acquisition presents numerous risks, including undisclosed liabilities and obligations, difficulty obtaining additional qualified personnel, managing relationships with customers and suppliers and integrating newly acquired operations into existing infrastructures.  Future acquisitions could result in the incurrence of additional indebtedness and liabilities that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  In addition, competition from other buyers for vessels could reduce our acquisition opportunities or cause us to pay a higher price than we might otherwise pay.  We cannot assure you that we will be successful in executing our growth plans or that we will not incur significant expenses and losses in connection with these plans.

 

Our outstanding convertible notes could affect our business in the future.

 

The issuance of our 5.00% Convertible Senior Notes due August 15, 2015 (the “2010 Notes”) could affect us and our business in the following ways:

 

·                   The indebtedness associated with the 2010 Notes, together with indebtedness incurred under our 2007 Credit Facility, $253 Million Term Loan Facility, $100 Million Term Loan Facility and the 2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility, is substantial.  Our ability to obtain additional financing or pursue new business opportunities may be negatively impacted.

 

·                   We may need to refinance the 2010 Notes and our other debt on terms that may be unfavorable to us (if refinancing is available at all) if our cash flow is insufficient to service the 2010 Notes and such other debt.

 

·                   We may make cash payments to satisfy our conversion obligations under the 2010 Notes, which could materially adversely affect our liquidity, cash flows, and results of operations.

 

·                   In the event of certain mergers or acquisitions of us, the indenture for the 2010 Notes may require us to repurchase the 2010 Notes or the surviving entity to assume our obligations under the 2010 Notes.  These requirements may deter or prevent a business combination that may be favorable to our securityholders.

 

We currently maintain all of our cash and cash equivalents with five financial institutions, which subjects us to credit risk.

 

We currently maintain all of our cash and cash equivalents with five financial institutions.  None of our balances are covered by insurance in the event of default by the financial institutions.  The occurrence of such a default of any of these institutions could therefore have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

If we are unable to fund our capital expenditures, we may not be able to continue to operate some of our vessels, which would have a material adverse effect on our business and our ability to pay dividends.

 

In order to fund our capital expenditures, we may be required to incur borrowings or raise capital through the sale of debt or equity securities.  Our ability to borrow money and access the capital markets through future offerings may be limited by our financial condition at the time of any such offering as well as by adverse market conditions resulting from, among other things, general economic conditions and contingencies and uncertainties that are beyond our control.  Our failure to obtain the funds for necessary future capital expenditures would limit our ability to continue to operate some of our vessels or impair the value of our vessels and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and ability to pay dividends.  Even if we are successful in obtaining such funds through financings, the terms of such financings could further limit our ability to pay dividends.

 

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We are a holding company, and we depend on the ability of our subsidiaries to distribute funds to us in order to satisfy our financial obligations or to make dividend payments.

 

We are a holding company, and our subsidiaries, which are all wholly owned by us, either directly or indirectly, conduct all of our operations and own all of our operating assets.  We have no significant assets other than the equity interests in our wholly owned subsidiaries.  As a result, our ability to satisfy our financial obligations and to pay dividends to our shareholders depends on the ability of our subsidiaries to distribute funds to us.  In turn, the ability of our subsidiaries to make dividend payments to us will be dependent on them having profits available for distribution and, to the extent that we are unable to obtain dividends from our subsidiaries, this will limit the discretion of our Board of Directors to pay or recommend the payment of dividends.

 

We are at risk for the creditworthiness of our charterers.

 

The actual or perceived credit quality of our charterers, and any defaults by them, or market conditions affecting the time charter market and the credit markets, may materially affect our ability to obtain the additional capital resources that may be required to purchase additional vessels or may significantly increase our costs of obtaining such capital.  Our inability to obtain additional financing at all or at a higher than anticipated cost may have a material adverse affect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

If management is unable to continue to provide reports as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting or our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to continue to provide us with unqualified attestation reports as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, investors could lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements, which could result in a decrease in the value of our common stock.

 

Under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, we are required to include in this and each of our future annual reports on Form 10-K a report containing our management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting and a related attestation of our independent registered public accounting firm.  If, in such future annual reports on Form 10-K, our management cannot provide a report as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting or our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to provide us with an unqualified attestation report as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as required by Section 404, investors could lose confidence in the reliability of our consolidated financial statements, which could result in a decrease in the value of our common stock.

 

If we are unable to operate our financial and operations systems effectively or to recruit suitable employees as we expand our fleet, our performance may be adversely affected.

 

Our current financial and operating systems may not be adequate as we implement our plan to expand the size of our fleet, and our attempts to improve those systems may be ineffective.  In addition, as we expand our fleet, we will have to rely on our outside technical managers to recruit suitable additional seafarers and shore-based administrative and management personnel.  We cannot assure you that our outside technical managers will be able to continue to hire suitable employees as we expand our fleet.

 

We may be unable to attract and retain key management personnel and other employees in the shipping industry, which may negatively affect the effectiveness of our management and our results of operations.

 

Our success depends to a significant extent upon the abilities and efforts of our management team and our ability to hire and retain key members of our management team.  The loss of any of these individuals could adversely affect our business prospects and financial condition.  Difficulty in hiring and retaining personnel could have a material adverse effect our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.  We do not intend to maintain “key man” life insurance on any of our officers.

 

Arrangements relating to our Baltic Trading subsidiary and MEP could require significant time and attention from our personnel and may result in conflicts of interest.

 

Our subsidiary, Baltic Trading, conducts a shipping business focused on the drybulk industry spot market.  Some of our personnel provide services to Baltic Trading, including our Chief Financial Officer. This requires substantial time and attention from these individuals and reduces their availability to serve us.  Our Chairman and two of our directors serve on the Baltic Trading board of directors.  Our officers and directors who also serve Baltic Trading may encounter situations in which their fiduciary obligations to us and to Baltic Trading are in conflict.  The Omnibus Agreement entered into between us and Baltic Trading is intended to reduce these conflicts by granting a right of first refusal to Baltic Trading for certain spot chartering opportunities and to us for other business opportunities.  However, these arrangements and/or the resolutions of these conflicts may not always be in our best interest or that of our shareholders and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We provide technical services for drybulk vessels purchased by MEP under an agency agreement between us and MEP.  These services include oversight of crew management, insurance, drydocking, ship operations and financial statement preparation, but do not include chartering services.  This requires substantial time and attention from these individuals and reduces their availability to

 

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serve us.  Our Chairman controls and has a minority interest in MEP.  This arrangement was approved by an independent committee of our Board of Directors.  Although we do not provide MEP with chartering services or assistance with the purchase and sale of vessels, the arrangement under the agency agreement may not always be in our best interest or that of our shareholders and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

Our Chairman may pursue business opportunities in our industry that may conflict with our interests.

 

Our Chairman, Peter C. Georgiopoulos, is not an employee of our company and is not contractually committed to remain as a director of our company or to refrain from other activities in our industry.  Mr. Georgiopoulos actively reviews potential investment opportunities in the shipping industry, including the drybulk sector, from time to time.  Mr. Georgiopoulos controls and has a minority interest in MEP, which owns an aggregate of 12 drybulk vessels.  Mr. Georgiopoulos has informed us that so long as he is a director of our company, prior to making an investment in an entity owning or operating drybulk vessels, he intends to disclose the details of such investment to our board and our independent directors and allow us to pursue the opportunity to the extent we choose to do so and are able.  However, in the event we choose not to pursue any such opportunity or are not able to obtain such an opportunity, Mr. Georgiopoulos may proceed, either alone or with others, with such investments.  As a result of such investments, Mr. Georgiopoulos may have independent interests in the ownership and operation of drybulk vessels that may conflict with our interests.

 

We may not have adequate insurance to compensate us if we lose our vessels or to compensate third parties.

 

There are a number of risks associated with the operation of ocean-going vessels, including mechanical failure, collision, human error, war, terrorism, piracy, property loss, cargo loss or damage and business interruption due to political circumstances in foreign countries, hostilities and labor strikes.  Any of these events may result in loss of revenues, increased costs and decreased cash flows.  In addition, the operation of any vessel is subject to the inherent possibility of marine disaster, including oil spills and other environmental mishaps, and the liabilities arising from owning and operating vessels in international trade.

 

We are insured against tort claims and some contractual claims (including claims related to environmental damage and pollution) through memberships in protection and indemnity associations or clubs, or P&I Associations.  As a result of such membership, the P&I Associations provide us coverage for such tort and contractual claims.  We also carry hull and machinery insurance and war risk insurance for our fleet.  We insure our vessels for third-party liability claims subject to and in accordance with the rules of the P&I Associations in which the vessels are entered.  We currently maintain insurance against loss of hire, which covers business interruptions that result in the loss of use of a vessel.  We can give no assurance that we will be adequately insured against all risks.  We may not be able to obtain adequate insurance coverage for our fleet in the future.  The insurers may not pay particular claims.  Our insurance policies contain deductibles for which we will be responsible and limitations and exclusions which may increase our costs or lower our revenue.

 

We cannot assure you that we will be able to renew our insurance policies on the same or commercially reasonable terms, or at all, in the future.  For example, more stringent environmental regulations have led in the past to increased costs for, and in the future may result in the lack of availability of, protection and indemnity insurance against risks of environmental damage or pollution.  Any uninsured or underinsured loss could harm our business , results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends .  In addition, our insurance may be voidable by the insurers as a result of certain of our actions, such as our ships failing to maintain certification with applicable maritime self-regulatory organizations.  Further, we cannot assure you that our insurance policies will cover all losses that we incur, or that disputes over insurance claims will not arise with our insurance carriers.  Any claims covered by insurance would be subject to deductibles, and since it is possible that a large number of claims may be brought, the aggregate amount of these deductibles could be material.  In addition, our insurance policies are subject to limitations and exclusions, which may increase our costs or lower our revenues, thereby possibly having a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends.

 

We are subject to funding calls by our protection and indemnity associations, and our associations may not have enough resources to cover claims made against them .

 

We are indemnified for legal liabilities incurred while operating our vessels through membership in P&I Associations.  P&I Associations are mutual insurance associations whose members must contribute to cover losses sustained by other association members.  The objective of a P&I Association is to provide mutual insurance based on the aggregate tonnage of a member’s vessels entered into the association.  Claims are paid through the aggregate premiums of all members of the association, although members remain subject to calls for additional funds if the aggregate premiums are insufficient to cover claims submitted to the association. Claims submitted to the association may include those incurred by members of the association, as well as claims submitted to the association from other P&I Associations with which our P&I Association has entered into interassociation agreements.  We cannot assure you that the P&I Associations to which we belong will remain viable or that we will not become subject to additional funding calls which could adversely affect us.

 

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We may have to pay U.S. tax on U.S. source income, which would reduce our net income and cash flows.

 

If we do not qualify for an exemption pursuant to Section 883 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code, which we refer to as Section 883, then we will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on our shipping income that is derived from U.S. sources.  If we are subject to such tax, our net income and cash flows would be reduced by the amount of such tax.

 

We will qualify for exemption under Section 883 if, among other things, our stock is treated as primarily and regularly traded on an established securities market in the United States.  Under applicable Treasury regulations, we may not satisfy this publicly-traded requirement in any taxable year in which 50% or more of our stock is owned for more than half the days in such year by persons who actually or constructively own 5% or more of our stock, which we sometimes refer to as 5% shareholders.

 

Based on the ownership of our stock, we believe that we satisfied the publicly traded requirement for an exemption from U.S. federal income tax on our shipping income pursuant to Section 883 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, for 2010 and 2011.  However, if 5% shareholders were to own 50% or more of our stock for more than half the days of any taxable year, we may not be eligible to claim exemption from tax under Section 883 for such taxable year.  As of December 31, 2012, based on the holdings of our Chairman, Peter C. Georgiopoulos and the holdings of other investors reported on Schedule 13G, our 5% shareholders owned approximately 30% of our common stock.  We can provide no assurance that changes and shifts in the ownership of our stock by 5% shareholders will not preclude us from qualifying for exemption from tax under Section 883 in future years.

 

If we do not qualify for the Section 883 exemption, our shipping income derived from U.S. sources, or 50% of our gross shipping income attributable to transportation beginning or ending in the United States, would be subject to a 4% tax without allowance for deductions.

 

Baltic Trading is also incorporated in the Marshall Islands. However, Baltic Trading did not qualify for an exemption under Section 883 upon consummation of its IPO because it did not satisfy the publicly traded requirement as described above.  Since Baltic Trading’s IPO was completed on March 15, 2010, we have indirectly owned shares of Baltic Trading’s Class B Stock which has provided us with over 50% of the combined voting power of all classes of Baltic Trading’s voting stock.  As such, Baltic Trading is subject to income tax on its United States source income.  During the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, Baltic Trading had United States operations which resulted in United States source income of approximately $1.4 million, $3.1 million and $2.5 million, respectively.

 

In addition, our revenues derived from our technical and commercial management provided to Baltic Trading and MEP resulted in U.S. source income for which we are subject to U.S. income tax on a net basis.  These revenues totaled approximately $6.1 million, $6.3 million and $6.7 million during the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

U.S. tax authorities could treat us as a “passive foreign investment company,” which could have adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences to U.S. shareholders.

 

A foreign corporation generally will be treated as a “passive foreign investment company,” which we sometimes refer to as a PFIC, for U.S. federal income tax purposes if either (1) at least 75% of its gross income for any taxable year consists of “passive income” or (2) at least 50% of its assets (averaged over the year and generally determined based upon value) produce or are held for the production of “passive income.”  U.S. shareholders of a PFIC are subject to a disadvantageous U.S. federal income tax regime with respect to distributions they receive from the PFIC and gain, if any, they derive from the sale or other disposition of their stock in the PFIC.

 

For purposes of these tests, “passive income” generally includes dividends, interest, gains from the sale or exchange of investment property and rents and royalties other than rents and royalties which are received from unrelated parties in connection with the active conduct of a trade or business, as defined in applicable Treasury regulations.  For purposes of these tests, income derived from the performance of services does not constitute “passive income.” By contrast, rental income would generally constitute passive income unless we were treated under specific rules as deriving our rental income in the active conduct of a trade or business.  We do not believe that our existing operations would cause us to be deemed a PFIC with respect to any taxable year.  In this regard, we treat the gross income we derive or are deemed to derive from our time and spot chartering activities as services income, rather than rental income.  Accordingly, we believe that (1) our income from our time and spot chartering activities does not constitute passive income and (2) the assets that we own and operate in connection with the production of that income do not constitute passive assets.

 

While there is no direct legal authority under the PFIC rules addressing our method of operation, there is legal authority supporting this position consisting of case law and pronouncements by the United States Internal Revenue Service, which we sometimes refer to as the IRS, concerning the characterization of income derived from time charters and voyage charters as services income for other tax purposes.  However, it should be noted that there is also authority that characterizes time charter income as rental income rather than services income for other tax purposes.  Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the IRS or a court of law will

 

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accept our position, and there is a risk that the IRS or a court of law could determine that we are a PFIC.  Moreover, because there are uncertainties in the application of the PFIC rules, because the PFIC test is an annual test, and because, although we intend to manage our business so as to avoid PFIC status to the extent consistent with our other business goals, there could be changes in the nature and extent of our operations in future years, there can be no assurance that we will not become a PFIC in any taxable year.

 

If we were to be treated as a PFIC for any taxable year (and regardless of whether we remain a PFIC for subsequent taxable years), our U.S. shareholders would face adverse U.S. tax consequences.  Under the PFIC rules, unless a shareholder makes certain elections available under the Code (which elections could themselves have adverse consequences for such shareholder), such shareholder would be liable to pay U.S. federal income tax at the highest applicable income tax rates on ordinary income upon the receipt of excess distributions and upon any gain from the disposition of our common stock, plus interest on such amounts, as if such excess distribution or gain had been recognized ratably over the shareholder’s holding period of our common stock.

 

Because we generate all of our revenues in U.S. dollars but incur a portion of our expenses in other currencies, exchange rate fluctuations could hurt our results of operations.

 

We generate all of our revenues in U.S. dollars, but we may incur drydocking costs, special survey fees and other expenses in other currencies.  If our expenditures on such costs and fees were significant, and the U.S. dollar were weak against such currencies, our business, results of operations, cash flows, financial condition and ability to pay dividends could be adversely affected.

 

Legislative action relating to taxation could materially and adversely affect us.

 

Our tax position could be adversely impacted by changes in tax laws, tax treaties or tax regulations or the interpretation or enforcement thereof by any tax authority. For example, legislative proposals have been introduced in the U.S. Congress which, if enacted, could change the circumstances under which we would be treated as a U.S. person for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which could materially and adversely affect our effective tax rate and cash tax position and require us to take action, at potentially significant expense, to seek to preserve our effective tax rate and cash tax position. We cannot predict the outcome of any specific legislative proposals.

 

RISK FACTORS RELATED TO OUR COMMON STOCK

 

Certain shareholders own large portions of our outstanding common stock, which may limit your ability to influence our actions .

 

As of December 31, 2012, Peter C. Georgiopoulos, our Chairman, owned approximately 10.63% of our common stock directly or through Fleet Acquisition LLC.  Also as of December 31, 2012, Nevada Capital Corporation Limited, a company unaffiliated with Mr. Georgiopoulos, owned approximately 13.55% of our common stock.  As a result of this share ownership and for so long as either such shareholder owns a significant percentage of our outstanding common stock, either such shareholder will be able to influence the outcome of any shareholder vote, including the election of directors, the adoption or amendment of provisions in our articles of incorporation or by-laws and possible mergers, corporate control contests and other significant corporate transactions.  This concentration of ownership may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control, merger, consolidation, takeover or other business combination involving us.  This concentration of ownership could also discourage a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us, which could in turn have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

 

Because we are a foreign corporation, you may not have the same rights or protections that a shareholder in a United States corporation may have.

 

We are incorporated in the Republic of the Marshall Islands, which does not have a well-developed body of corporate law and may make it more difficult for our shareholders to protect their interests.  Our corporate affairs are governed by our amended and restated articles of incorporation and bylaws and the Marshall Islands Business Corporations Act, or BCA.  The provisions of the BCA resemble provisions of the corporation laws of a number of states in the United States.  The rights and fiduciary responsibilities of directors under the law of the Marshall Islands are not as clearly established as the rights and fiduciary responsibilities of directors under statutes or judicial precedent in existence in certain U.S. jurisdictions and there have been few judicial cases in the Marshall Islands interpreting the BCA.  Shareholder rights may differ as well.  While the BCA does specifically incorporate the non-statutory law, or judicial case law, of the State of Delaware and other states with substantially similar legislative provisions, our public shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests in the face of actions by the management, directors or controlling shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a U.S. jurisdiction.  Therefore, you may have more difficulty in protecting your interests as a shareholder in the face of actions by the management, directors or controlling shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a United States jurisdiction.

 

Future sales of our common stock could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

 

The market price of our common stock could decline due to sales of a large number of shares in the market, including sales of shares by our large shareholders, or the perception that these sales could occur.  These sales could also make it more difficult or impossible for us to sell equity securities in the future at a time and price that we deem appropriate to raise funds through future offerings of common stock.  We have entered into a registration rights agreement with Fleet Acquisition LLC that entitles it to have all the shares

 

34



 

of our common stock that it owns registered for sale in the public market under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and, pursuant to the registration rights agreement, registered Fleet Acquisition LLC’s shares on a registration statement on Form S-3 in February 2007.  We also registered on Form S-8 for an aggregate of 2,000,000 shares issued or issuable under our 2005 equity compensation plan.  Additionally, a Form S-8 was also registered on August 17, 2012 for an aggregate of 3,000,000 shares issued or issuable under our 2012 equity compensation plan.

 

We may need to raise additional capital in the future, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all or which may dilute our common stock or adversely affect its market price.

 

We may require additional capital to expand our business and increase revenues, add liquidity in response to negative economic conditions, meet unexpected liquidity needs caused by industry volatility or uncertainty and reduce our outstanding indebtedness under our existing facilities. To the extent that our existing capital and borrowing capabilities are insufficient to meet these requirements and cover any losses, we will need to raise additional funds through debt or equity financings, including offerings of our common stock, securities convertible into our common stock, or rights to acquire our common stock or curtail our growth and reduce our assets or restructure arrangements with existing security holders. Any equity or debt financing, or additional borrowings, if available at all, may be on terms that are not favorable to us. Equity financings could result in dilution to our stockholders, as described further below, and the securities issued in future financings may have rights, preferences and privileges that are senior to those of our common stock. If our need for capital arises because of significant losses, the occurrence of these losses may make it more difficult for us to raise the necessary capital. If we cannot raise funds on acceptable terms if and when needed, we may not be able to take advantage of future opportunities, grow our business or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements.

 

Conversion of the 2010 Notes may dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders.

 

The conversion of some or all of the 2010 Notes may dilute the ownership interests of existing stockholders. Any sales in the public market of any of our common stock issuable upon such conversion could adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common stock. In addition, the anticipated conversion of the 2010 Notes into shares of our common stock or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock could depress the price of our common stock.

 

Future issuances of our common stock could dilute our shareholders’ interests in our company.

 

We may, from time to time, issue additional shares of common stock to support our growth strategy, reduce debt or provide us with capital for other purposes that our Board of Directors believes to be in our best interest.  To the extent that an existing shareholder does not purchase additional shares that we may issue, that shareholder’s interest in our company will be diluted, which means that its percentage of ownership in our company will be reduced.  Following such a reduction, that shareholder’s common stock would represent a smaller percentage of the vote in our Board of Directors’ elections and other shareholder decisions.

 

Volatility in the market price and trading volume of our common stock could adversely impact the trading price of our common stock.

 

The stock market in recent years has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of companies like us. These broad market factors may materially reduce the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. The market price of our common stock, which has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations in recent months, could continue to fluctuate significantly for many reasons, including in response to the risks described herein or for reasons unrelated to our operations, such as reports by industry analysts, investor perceptions or negative announcements by our competitors or suppliers regarding their own performance, as well as industry conditions and general financial, economic and political instability. A decrease in the market price of our common stock would adversely impact the value of your shares of common stock.

 

Provisions of our amended and restated articles of incorporation and by-laws may have anti-takeover effects which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

Several provisions of our amended and restated articles of incorporation and by-laws, which are summarized below, may have anti-takeover effects.  These provisions are intended to avoid costly takeover battles, lessen our vulnerability to a hostile change of control and enhance the ability of our Board of Directors to maximize shareholder value in connection with any unsolicited offer to acquire our company.  However, these anti-takeover provisions could also discourage, delay or prevent (1) the merger or acquisition of our company by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise that a shareholder may consider in its best interest and (2) the removal of incumbent officers and directors.

 

Blank Check Preferred Stock.

 

Under the terms of our amended and restated articles of incorporation, our Board of Directors has the authority, without any further vote or action by our shareholders, to authorize our issuance of up to 25,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock.  Our Board of Directors may issue shares of preferred stock on terms calculated to discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or the removal of our management.

 

35



 

Classified Board of Directors.

 

Our amended and restated articles of incorporation provide for the division of our Board of Directors into three classes of directors, with each class as nearly equal in number as possible, serving staggered, three-year terms beginning upon the expiration of the initial term for each class.  Approximately one-third of our Board of Directors is elected each year.  This classified board provision could discourage a third party from making a tender offer for our shares or attempting to obtain control of us.  It could also delay shareholders who do not agree with the policies of our Board of Directors from removing a majority of our Board of Directors for up to two years.

 

Election and Removal of Directors.

 

Our amended and restated articles of incorporation prohibit cumulative voting in the election of directors.  Our by-laws require parties other than the board of directors to give advance written notice of nominations for the election of directors.  Our articles of incorporation also provide that our directors may be removed only for cause and only upon the affirmative vote of 66 2 / 3 % of the outstanding shares of our capital stock entitled to vote for those directors or by a majority of the members of the board of directors then in office.  These provisions may discourage, delay or prevent the removal of incumbent officers and directors.

 

Limited Actions by Shareholders.

 

Our amended and restated articles of incorporation and our by-laws provide that any action required or permitted to be taken by our shareholders must be effected at an annual or special meeting of shareholders or by the unanimous written consent of our shareholders.  Our amended and restated articles of incorporation and our by-laws provide that, subject to certain exceptions, our Chairman, President, or Secretary at the direction of the Board of Directors may call special meetings of our shareholders and the business transacted at the special meeting is limited to the purposes stated in the notice.

 

Advance Notice Requirements for Shareholder Proposals and Director Nominations.

 

Our by-laws provide that shareholders seeking to nominate candidates for election as directors or to bring business before an annual meeting of shareholders must provide timely notice of their proposal in writing to the corporate secretary.  Generally, to be timely, a shareholder’s notice must be received at our principal executive offices not less than 150 days nor more than 180 days before the date on which we first mailed our proxy materials for the preceding year’s annual meeting.  Our by-laws also specify requirements as to the form and content of a shareholder’s notice.  These provisions may impede a shareholder’s ability to bring matters before an annual meeting of shareholders or make nominations for directors at an annual meeting of shareholders.

 

It may not be possible for our investors to enforce U.S. judgments against us.

 

We are incorporated in the Republic of the Marshall Islands and most of our subsidiaries are also organized in the Marshall Islands.  Substantially all of our assets and those of our subsidiaries are located outside the United States.  As a result, it may be difficult or impossible for United States shareholders to serve process within the United States upon us or to enforce judgment upon us for civil liabilities in United States courts.  In addition, you should not assume that courts in the countries in which we are incorporated or where our assets are located (1) would enforce judgments of United States courts obtained in actions against us based upon the civil liability provisions of applicable United States federal and state securities laws or (2) would enforce, in original actions, liabilities against us based upon these laws.

 

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

 

We do not own any real property.  In September 2005, we entered into a 15-year lease for office space in New York, New York.  The monthly rental is as follows:  Free rent from September 1, 2005 to July 31, 2006, $40,000 per month from August 1, 2006 to August 31, 2011, $43,000 per month from September 1, 2011 to August 31, 2016, and $46,000 per month from September 1, 2016 to August 31, 2021.  The monthly straight-line rental expense from September 1, 2005 to August 31, 2021 is $39,000.  We ha ve the option to extend the lease for a period of five years from September 1, 2021 to August 31, 2026.  The rent for the renewal period will be based on the prevailing market rate for the six months prior to the commencement date of the extension term.  On January 6, 2012, we ceased use of this space.  Refer to Note 19 — Commitments and Contingencies in our consolidated financial statements for further information.

 

Future minimum rental payments on the above lease for the next five years and thereafter are as follows:  $0.5 million for 2013 through 2016, $0.6 million for 2017 and a total of $2.0 million for the remaining term of the lease.

 

Effective April 4, 2011, we entered into a seven-year sub-sublease agreement for additional office space in New York, New York.  The term of the sub-sublease commenced June 1, 2011, with a free base rental period until October 31, 2011.  Following the

 

36



 

expiration of the free base rental period, the monthly base rental payments are $82,000 per month until May 31, 2015 and thereafter will be $90,000 per month until the end of the seven-year term.  We have also entered into a direct lease with the over-landlord of such office space that commences immediately upon the expiration of such sub-sublease agreements, for a term covering the period from May 1, 2018 to September 30, 2025; the direct lease provides for a free base rental period from May 1, 2018 to September 30, 2018.  Following the expirations of the free base rental period, the monthly base rental payments will be $186,000 per month from October 1, 2018 to April 30, 2023 and $204,000 per month from May 1, 2023 to September 30, 2025.  For accounting purposes, the sub-sublease agreement and direct lease agreement with the landlord constitute one lease agreement.  As a result of the straight-line rent calculation generated by the free rent period and the tenant work credit, the monthly straight-line rental expense for the term of the entire lease from June 1, 2011 to September 30, 2025 is $130,000.

 

Future minimum rental payments on the above lease for the next five years and thereafter are as follows:  $1.0 million for 2013 through 2015, $1.1 million for 2016 through 2017 and a total of $16.5 million for the remaining term of the lease.

 

For a description of our vessels, see “Our Fleet” in Item 1, “Business” in this report.

 

We consider each of our significant properties to be suitable for its intended use.

 

ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We have not been involved in any legal proceedings which we believe are likely to have, or have had a significant effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows, nor are we aware of any proceedings that are pending or threatened which we believe are likely to have a significant effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or liquidity.  From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business, principally personal injury and property casualty claims.  We expect that these claims would be covered by insurance, subject to customary deductibles.  Those claims, even if lacking merit, could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources.

 

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

MARKET INFORMATION, HOLDERS AND DIVIDENDS

 

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “GNK.”  The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low prices for the common stock as reported by the NYSE:

 

FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

HIGH

 

LOW

 

1st Quarter

 

$

10.12

 

$

5.93

 

2nd Quarter

 

$

6.45

 

$

2.75

 

3rd Quarter

 

$

4.54

 

$

2.09

 

4th Quarter

 

$

4.12

 

$

2.40

 

 

FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

 

HIGH

 

LOW

 

1st Quarter

 

$

15.47

 

$

10.69

 

2nd Quarter

 

$

10.91

 

$

6.28

 

3rd Quarter

 

$

9.75

 

$

4.15

 

4th Quarter

 

$

10.14

 

$

5.78

 

 

As of March 1, 2012, there were approximately 131 holders of record of our common stock.

 

Until January 26, 2009, our dividend policy was to declare quarterly distributions to shareholders, which commenced in November 2005, by each February, May, August and November substantially equal to our available cash from operations during the previous quarter, less cash expenses for that quarter (principally vessel operating expenses and debt service) and any reserves our Board of Directors determined we should maintain.  These reserves covered, among other things, drydocking, repairs, claims, liabilities and other obligations, interest expense and debt amortization, acquisitions of additional assets and working capital.  Under the terms of the 2009 Amendment to our 2007 Credit Facility (discussed in the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section of “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this report and in Note 9 — Long-Term Debt of our consolidated financial statements), we have suspended payment of cash dividends indefinitely beginning the quarter ended December 31, 2008.  To reinstate our cash dividends under the 2007 Credit Facility, we must be able to represent to the lenders that

 

37



 

we are in a position to again satisfy the collateral maintenance covenant under this facility.  In addition, under the terms of the August 2012 Agreements, we are prohibited from paying dividends through December 31, 2013.  There were no dividends declared during the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010.

 

EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION

 

The following table provides information as of December 31, 2012 regarding the number of shares of our co mmon s tock that may be issued under the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan, which is our current sole equity compensation plan :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

remaining available for

 

 

 

Number of securities to

 

Weighted-average exercise

 

future issuance under

 

 

 

be issued upon exercise

 

price of outstanding

 

equity compensation plans

 

 

 

of outstanding options,

 

options, warrants and

 

(excluding securities

 

 

 

warrants and rights

 

rights

 

reflected in column (a))

 

 

 

(a)

 

(b)

 

(c)

 

Plan category

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E quity compensation plans approved by security holders

 

 

$

 

2,853,325

 

E q uity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T otal

 

 

$

 

2,853,325

 

 

SHARE REPURCHASE PROGRAM

 

Refer to the “Share Repurchase Program” section of Item 7 for a summary of cumulative share repurchases made pursuant to the Share Repurchase Program.

 

ITEM 6.  SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

 

2009

 

2008

 

Income Statement Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U.S. dollars in thousands except for share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voyage revenues

 

$

223,159

 

$

388,929

 

$

447,438

 

$

379,531

 

$

405,370

 

Service revenues

 

3,294

 

3,285

 

1,249

 

 

 

Total revenues

 

$

226,453

 

$

392,214

 

$

448,687

 

$

379,531

 

$

405,370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voyage expenses

 

7,009

 

4,457

 

4,467

 

5,024

 

5,116

 

Vessel operating expenses

 

114,318

 

105,514

 

78,976

 

57,311

 

47,130

 

General, administrative and management fees

 

35,673

 

33,928

 

29,081

 

18,554

 

19,814

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

139,063

 

136,203

 

115,663

 

88,150

 

71,395

 

Other operating income

 

(265

)

(527

)

(791

)

 

 

Loss on forfeiture of vessel deposits

 

 

 

 

 

53,765

 

Gain on sale of vessels

 

 

 

 

 

(26,227

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

295,798

 

279,575

 

227,396

 

169,039

 

170,993

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (loss) income

 

(69,345

)

112,639

 

221,291

 

210,492

 

234,377

 

Other expense

 

(87,209

)

(86,186

)

(72,042

)

(61,868

)

(147,797

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

(156,554

)

26,453

 

149,249

 

148,624

 

86,580

 

Income tax expense

 

(1,222

)

(1,385

)

(1,840

)

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

(157,776

)

25,068

 

147,409

 

148,624

 

86,580

 

Less: Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

(12,848

)

(318

)

6,166

 

 

 

Net (loss) income attributable to Genco Shipping & Trading Limited

 

$

(144,928

)

$

25,386

 

$

141,243

 

$

148,624

 

$

86,580

 

Net (loss) income per share - basic

 

$

(3.47

)

$

0.72

 

$

4.28

 

$

4.75

 

$

2.86

 

Net (loss) income per share - diluted

 

$

(3.47

)

$

0.72

 

$

4.07

 

$

4.73

 

$

2.84

 

Dividends declared per share

 

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

3.85

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic

 

41,727,075

 

35,179,244

 

32,987,449

 

31,295,212

 

30,290,016

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted

 

41,727,075

 

35,258,205

 

35,891,373

 

31,445,063

 

30,452,850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U.S. dollars in thousands, at end of period)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

72,600

 

$

227,968

 

$

270,877

 

$

188,267

 

$

124,956

 

Total assets

 

2,843,371

 

3,119,277

 

3,182,708

 

2,336,802

 

1,990,006

 

Total debt (current and long-term, including notes payable)

 

1,524,357

 

1,694,393

 

1,746,248

 

1,327,000

 

1,173,300

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

1,261,207

 

1,361,618

 

1,348,153

 

928,925

 

696,478

 

Other Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U.S. dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

$

(18,834

)

$

158,183

 

$

262,680

 

$

219,729

 

$

267,416

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(3,669

)

(133,367

)

(870,230

)

(306,210

)

(514,288

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(132,865

)

(67,725

)

690,160

 

149,792

 

300,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA (1)

 

$

82,537

 

$

249,080

 

$

330,711

 

$

298,330

 

$

208,807

 

 

38



 


(1)          EBITDA represents net (loss) income attributable to Genco Shipping & Trading Limited plus net interest expense, taxes and depreciation and amortization.  EBITDA is included because it is used by management and certain investors as a measure of operating performance. EBITDA is used by analysts in the shipping industry as a common performance measure to compare results across peers.  Our management uses EBITDA as a performance measure in our consolidated internal financial statements, and it is presented for review at our board meetings.  We believe that EBITDA is useful to investors as the shipping industry is capital intensive which often results in significant depreciation and cost of financing.  EBITDA presents investors with a measure in addition to net income to evaluate our performance prior to these costs.  EBITDA is not an item recognized by U.S. GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income, operating income or any other indicator of a company’s operating performance required by U.S. GAAP.  EBITDA is not a measure of liquidity or cash flows as shown in our consolidated statements of cash flows.  The definition of EBITDA used here may not be comparable to that used by other companies.  The foregoing definition of EBITDA differs from the definition of Consolidated EBITDA used in the financial covenants of our 2007 Credit Facility, our $253 Million Term Loan Credit Facility, and our $100 Million Term Loan Credit Facility.  Specifically, Consolidated EBITDA substitutes gross interest expense (which includes amortization of deferred financing costs) for net interest expense used in our definition of EBITDA, includes adjustments for restricted stock amortization and non-cash charges for deferred financing costs related to the refinancing of other credit facilities or any non-cash losses from our investment in Jinhui, and excludes extraordinary gains or losses and gains or losses from derivative instruments used for hedging purposes or sales of assets other than inventory sold in the ordinary course of business.  The following table demonstrates our calculation of EBITDA and provides a reconciliation of EBITDA to net (loss) income attributable to Genco Shipping & Trading Limited for each of the periods presented above:

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

 

2009

 

2008

 

Net (loss) income attributable to Genco Shipping & Trading Limited

 

$

(144,928

)

$

25,386

 

$

141,243

 

$

148,624

 

$

86,580

 

Net interest expense

 

87,180

 

86,106

 

71,965

 

61,556

 

50,832

 

Income tax expense

 

1,222

 

1,385

 

1,840

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

139,063

 

136,203

 

115,663

 

88,150

 

71,395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA (1)

 

$

82,537

 

$

249,080

 

$

330,711

 

$

298,330

 

$

208,807

 

 

ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

General

 

We are a Marshall Islands company that transports iron ore, coal, grain, steel products and other drybulk cargoes along worldwide shipping routes through the ownership and operation of drybulk carrier vessels.  Excluding Baltic Trading, our fleet currently consists of nine Capesize, eight Panamax, 17 Supramax, six Handymax and 13 Handysize drybulk carriers, with an

 

39



 

aggregate carrying capacity of approximately 3,810,000 dwt, and the average age of our fleet is currently 7.8 years, as compared to the average age for the world fleet of approximately 10 years for the drybulk shipping segments in which we compete.  Most of the vessels in our fleet are on time charters to well-known charterers, including Lauritzen Bulkers, Cargill, Pacbasin, Trafigura, Klaveness and Swissmarine.  As of February 27, 2012, all of the vessels in our fleet, excluding Baltic Trading, are presently engaged under spot market-related and time charter contracts that expire (assuming the option periods in the time charters are not exercised) between March 2013 and May 2015, and five of our vessels are currently operating in vessel pools.  See pages 7-11 for a table indicating the built dates of all vessels currently in our fleet.

 

In addition, Baltic Trading’s fleet currently consists of two Capesize, four Supramax and three Handysize drybulk carriers with an aggregate carrying capacity of approximately 672,000 dwt.

 

If market conditions improve, we may acquire additional modern, high-quality drybulk carriers through timely and selective acquisitions of vessels in a manner that is accretive to our cash flow.  In connection with the acquisitions made during 2007 through 2011 and our growth strategy, we negotiated the 2007 Credit Facility, $100 Million Term Loan Facility, $253 Million Term Loan Facility and the 2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility (each as defined herein) that we have used to acquire vessels.  As we have used our remaining availability under these facilities, if we make acquisitions of additional vessels we may consider additional debt and equity financing alternatives from time to time.

 

On June 3, 2010, we entered into an agreement to purchase a total of eight Handysize drybulk vessels, including five newbuildings, from companies within the Metrostar Management Corporation group of companies (“Metrostar”) for an aggregate purchase price of $266.0 million.  Five of these vessels are owned by us and three are owned by Baltic Trading.  Additionally, on June 24, 2010, we entered into a Master Agreement with Bourbon SA (“Bourbon”) to purchase 16 drybulk vessels, including two newbuildings, for an aggregate purchase price of $545.0 million.  We retained 13 of the 16 vessels, including one newbuilding, and the remaining three vessels were immediately resold to Maritime Equity Partners LLC (“MEP”), a company managed by a Company owned by our Chairman, Peter C. Georgiopoulos.  All eight vessels have been delivered from Metrostar and all 16 vessels have been delivered from Bourbon, three of which were sold to MEP.

 

In order to fund the acquisition of these vessels, we entered into two senior secured term loan facilities.  On August 12, 2010, we entered into a $100 million senior secured term loan facility (the “$100 Million Term Loan Facility”) to be utilized to fund or refund to us a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition of five vessels from Metrostar.  On August 20, 2010, we entered into a $253 million senior secured term loan facility (the “$253 Million Term Loan Facility”) to fund a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition of 13 vessels from Bourbon.  The Baltic Trading vessels have been funded utilizing its $150 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “2010 Baltic Trading Credit Facility”) for bridge financing.

 

Our management team and our other employees are responsible for the commercial and strategic management of our fleet.  Commercial management includes the negotiation of charters for vessels, managing the mix of various types of charters, such as time charters, voyage charters and spot market-related time charters, and monitoring the performance of our vessels under their charters.  Strategic management includes locating, purchasing, financing and selling vessels.  We currently contract with three independent technical managers to provide technical management of our fleet at a lower cost than we believe would be possible in-house.  Technical management involves the day-to-day management of vessels, including performing routine maintenance, attending to vessel operations and arranging for crews and supplies.  Members of our New York City-based management team oversee the activities of our independent technical managers.

 

We hold an investment in the capital stock of Jinhui Shipping and Transportation Limited (“Jinhui”).  Jinhui is a drybulk shipping owner and operator focused on the Supramax segment of drybulk shipping.

 

Baltic Trading, formerly our wholly-owned subsidiary, completed its initial public offering, or IPO, on March 15, 2010.  As of December 31, 2012, our wholly-owned subsidiary Genco Investments LLC owned 5,699,088 shares of Baltic Trading’s Class B Stock, which represents a 24.78% ownership interest in Baltic Trading at December 31, 2012 and 83.17% of the aggregate voting power of Baltic Trading’s outstanding shares of voting stock.  Baltic Trading is consolidated as we control a majority of the voting interest in Baltic Trading.  Management’s discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition in this section includes the results of Baltic Trading.

 

We entered into a long-term management agreement (the “Management Agreement”) with Baltic Trading pursuant to which we apply our expertise and experience in the drybulk industry to provide Baltic Trading with commercial, technical, administrative and strategic services.  The Management Agreement is for an initial term of approximately 15 years and will automatically renew for additional five-year periods unless terminated in accordance with its terms.  Baltic Trading will pay us for the services we provide it as well as reimburse us for our costs and expenses incurred in providing certain of these services.  Management fee income we earn from the Management Agreement net of any allocated shared expenses, such as salary, office expenses and other general and administrative fees, will be taxable to us.  Upon consolidation with Baltic Trading, any management fee income earned will be eliminated for financial reporting purposes.

 

40



 

We provide technical services for drybulk vessels purchased by MEP under an agency agreement between us and MEP.  These services include oversight of crew management, insurance, drydocking, ship operations and financial statement preparation, but do not include chartering services.  The services are provided for a fee of $750 per ship per day plus reimbursement of out-of-pocket costs and will be provided for an initial term of one year.  MEP will have the right to cancel provision of services on 60 days’ notice with payment of a one-year termination fee or without a fee upon a change of our control.  We may terminate provision of the services at any time on 60 days’ notice.  Mr. Georgiopoulos controls and has a minority interest in MEP.  This arrangement was approved by an independent committee of our Board of Directors.

 

During the beginning of 2009, the Genco Cavalier, a 2007-built Supramax vessel, was on charter to Samsun Logix Corporation (“Samsun”), when Samsun filed for the equivalent of bankruptcy protection in South Korea, otherwise referred to as a rehabilitation application.  On February 5, 2010, the rehabilitation plan submitted by Samsun was approved by the South Korean courts.  As part of the rehabilitation process, our claim of approximately $17.2 million will be settled in the following manner: 34%, or approximately $5.9 million, will be paid in cash in annual installments on December 30 of each year from 2010 through 2019 ranging in percentages from eight to 17; the remaining 66%, or approximately $11.3 million, converted to Samsun shares at a specified value per share.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, we recorded $0.3 million as other operating income which represents 50% of the portion (9%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2012 as this was the only amount remitted by Samsun.   During the year ended December 31, 2011, we recorded $0.5 million as other operating income which represents the portion (9%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2011.  During the year ended December 31, 2010, we recorded $0.6 million as other operating income which represents the portion (10%) of the cash settlement which was due on December 30, 2010.

 

During January 2011, the Genco Success, a 1997-built Handymax vessel, was on charter to Korea Line Corporation (“KLC”) when KLC filed for a rehabilitation application.  On July 3, 2012, the rehabilitation plan submitted by KLC was approved by the South Korean courts.  As part of the rehabilitation process, our claim of approximately $0.8 million will be settled in the following manner:  37%, or approximately $0.3 million, will be paid in cash in annual installments on December 30 of each year from 2012 through 2021 ranging in percentages from 0.5 to 43; the remaining 63%, or approximately $0.5 million, converted to KLC shares at a specified value per share.  During the year ended December 31, 2012, we recorded two-thousand dollars as other operating income which represents the portion (0.5%) of the cash settlement that was due on December 30, 2012.

 

Year ended December 31, 2012 compared to the year ended December 31, 2011

 

Factors Affecting Our Results of Operations

 

We believe that the following table reflects important measures for analyzing trends in our results of operations.  The table reflects our ownership days, available days, operating days, fleet utilization, TCE rates and daily vessel operating expenses for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 on a consolidated basis, which includes the operations of Baltic Trading.

 

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

2011

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

Fleet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ownership days (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize

 

4,026.0

 

4,015.0

 

11.0

 

0.3

%

Panamax

 

2,928.0

 

2,920.0

 

8.0

 

0.3

%

Supramax

 

7,686.0

 

7,577.6

 

108.4

 

1.4

%

Handymax

 

2,196.0

 

2,190.0

 

6.0

 

0.3

%

Handysize

 

5,856.0

 

5,194.9

 

661.1

 

12.7

%

Total

 

22,692.0

 

21,897.5

 

794.5

 

3.6

%

Available days (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize

 

3,995.9

 

3,984.9

 

11.0

 

0.3

%

Panamax

 

2,800.4

 

2,901.7

 

(101.3

)

(3.5

)%

Supramax

 

7,505.5

 

7,575.7

 

(70.2

)

(0.9

)%

Handymax

 

2,112.5

 

2,140.3

 

(27.8

)

(1.3

)%

Handysize

 

5,856.0

 

5,188.4

 

667.6

 

12.9

%

Total

 

22,270.3

 

21,791.0

 

479.3

 

2.2

%

Operating days (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize

 

3,989.8

 

3,983.6

 

6.2

 

0.2

%

Panamax

 

2,785.8

 

2,880.2

 

(94.4

)

(3.3

)%

Supramax

 

7,380.9

 

7,500.2

 

(119.3

)

(1.6

)%

Handymax

 

2,091.6

 

2,119.5

 

(27.9

)

(1.3

)%

Handysize

 

5,841.4

 

5,143.8

 

697.6

 

13.6

%

Total

 

22,089.5

 

21,627.3

 

462.2

 

2.1

%

Fleet utilization (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capesize

 

99.8

%

100.0

%

(0.2

)%

(0.2